January 24, 2014

Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage:  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.
As traffic has worsened in the fast-growing region, Austin, Texas, has spent several decades trying build its way out of it with more roadways. Reports NPR, even an 85 mph tollway had no impact on rush hour gridlock. Facing a doubling of its population over the next 25 years, the city is seeing that the answer is giving Austinites the choice to make fewer, and shorter, trips by car and more trips by walking, bicycling, and taking transit….

A large swath of the country is still digging out from the most recent round of winter snow storms, deploying plows, snow blowers, shovels, sand, salt and even cheese to keep people moving. Many of these strategies focus on keeping roads clear for drivers. What about for people who walk, bicycle or rely on transit?

Of $2.4 billion in capital spending annually, the bill dedicates up to $144 million to a competitive multimodal fund available for bicycle and pedestrian facilities, $495 million to transit, and $1.65 billion to roads, bridges and highways. The bill also makes it easier to use state funds for pedestrian safety and streetscaping projects

Requires (USA) federally funded transportation projects to accommodate all road users and gives states and metro regions two years to write their own Complete Streets policies. “To ensure the safety of all users of the transportation system, including pedestrians, bicyclists, transit users, children, older individuals, and individuals with disabilities, as they travel on and across federally funded streets and highways.”

The impending bankruptcy of Montreal-based bike-sharing company Bixi has one Vancouver city councilor questioning the City of Vancouver's plans for a multi-million-dollar bike-sharing program.

Volume 54, Issue 2, Supplement, Pages A1-A26, S1-S94 (February 2014)
There are a number of articles in this special supplement that involve physical activity.  The link takes you to the table of contents.

Am J of Preventive Medicine Vol 46, Iss 2, Feb 2014, Pgs 136–142
Although children’s use of neighborhood parks was generally low, it increased substantially when parks were closer to children’s homes and had greater vegetation density.

Pediatrics; originally published online January 13, 2014
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2013-2383
These findings provide evidence of the effectiveness of Comprehensive School Health to affect children’s physical activity during and outside of school. Results of this study justify broader implementation of effective CSH interventions for physical activity promotion and obesity prevention in the long term.

Preventive Medicine, Available online 16 January 2014
We conducted a systematic search in fourteen databases until September 2012 for randomised controlled trials on PA and NE, conducted in the school setting, and delivered to children and adolescents. Additionally, we performed a cross-reference check in related papers. The title and abstract review and the quality assessment were performed by two independent researchers.

The 60 Minute Kids' Club offers three challenges throughout the year! The 60 Minute Kids' Club is a fun and engaging program designed to get children in Kindergarten to Grade 6 excited about making the right healthy choices. It also supports meeting federal guidelines for 60 minutes of daily physical activity, and provides a common platform for tracking your DPA.

The National Recreation and Park Association has provided five communities across America with grants applicable for “park prescriptions”, as outlined in the National Recreation and Park Association report. The initiative is geared towards integrating healthcare communities and public lands in order to encourage the development of healthier & happier people……

The Football Fans in Training (FFIT) project, funded by the NIHR Public Health Research Program, was a free, 12-week scheme run at Scottish Professional Football League clubs. It was one of the world’s first trials on a health program being delivered through professional sports clubs.

This Feb 5th, 2014 CHNET-WORKS! Fireside Chat will provide a brief overview of the association between nutritional status and falls, with a specific focus on dehydration.

Am J of Preventive Medicine Vol 46, Iss 2, Feb 2014, Pgs 195–207
The second phase of Active Living Research (ALR-2, 2007–2012) focused on advancing the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF)’s goal of reversing the childhood obesity epidemic. The mission was to stimulate and support research to identify environmental factors and policies that influence physical activity for children and families to inform effective childhood obesity prevention strategies, with an emphasis on the lower-income and racial/ethnic communities with highest childhood obesity prevalence. The present report describes ALR activities undertaken to accomplish three goals.

Am J of Preventive Medicine Vol 46, Iss 2, Feb 2014, Pgs 208–215
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Active Living Research (ALR) program commissioned an evaluation of its initiative to assess 10 years (2001–2011) of progress in establishing a new interdisciplinary field to develop and translate research focused on policy and environmental factors affecting physical activity in children and families.

Am J of Preventive Medicine Vol 46, Iss 2, Feb 2014, Pgs 122–135
There was a linear relationship between greater amounts of sedentary time and mortality risk after controlling for multiple potential confounders.

The Active Pregnancy resource encourages physical activity during pregnancy and provides guidelines to ensure pregnant women are exercising safely.  The resource provides information on stretching, aerobic conditioning, and muscle conditioning, in addition to providing sample exercises for posture and the upper and lower body.

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