Monday

November 25, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note:Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
We are a network for Aboriginal people who are involved in Sports, Recreation, Fitness and Traditional Activities. The APACC mission is to create a community of mentors, leaders, participants, and supporters who promote physical activity as a way to health and wellness.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
This evaluation collected data from across Australia between June 2010 to June 2013 of adult participation in cycle training programs. Program improvements included cycling skills and confidence and reductions in BMI.

CHILDREN
Pediatrics,  Published online 298 Oct 2013, 132
doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-1167
Twenty two articles were included (6 RCTs, 13 quasi-experimental trials and 3 pre-post trials). All but one of these studies was in schools and examined primary/elementary children…. The authors concluded that school and community-based programs that include developmentally appropriate FMS learning experiences delivered by physical education specialists or highly trained classroom teachers significantly improve FMS proficiency in youth.

Endocrinología y Nutrición (English Edition) Available online 15 November 2013
Results suggest that high fitness levels may counteract the negative consequences attributed to body fat. These findings suggest that increasing physical fitness in overweight children and adolescents may have many positive effects on health, including lower body fat levels.

Based in Quebec – most of this website is in French.
WIXX is a social campaign promoting active pastimes and commuting among children aged 9 to 13. Its aim is to prevent the significant drop in physical activity that occurs around age 13 or 14.

CONFERENCES
February 19th to 22nd, 2014
Queen’s University - Kingston, ON
This is the nation's largest conference on Physical Activity for First Nations, Métis and Inuit people, created for all of those with an interest in sports, recreation, fitness, and traditional activity who may be band council members; health directors, representatives, or health practitioners; counselors or social workers; federal, provincial, or municipal health employees; academics; recreation workers…….
    
OLDER ADULTS
BMJ, 347:f6234 (October 29, 2013)
Exercise programmes designed to prevent falls in older adults also seem to prevent injuries caused by falls, including the most severe ones. Such programmes also reduce the rate of falls leading to medical care.

A short 30 second fall prevention vignette.

Silvera for Seniors provides affordable housing to more than 1500 lower-income seniors across 26 communities in Calgary. They’ve created a video series called Silvera’s (Sassy) Seniors
* out on the town (dancing at a country bar)

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
International Journal of Cardiology Available online 14 November 2013
doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.11.012
The authors conclude: To improve patient management both type of therapeutic interventions and dose should be carefully chosen for each individual in order to maintain/increase PA level while decreasing sedentary behavior.

RESEARCH STUFF
Slide from the past session at the Canadian Association on Gerontology 2013 Conference.
“In the Making Research Accessible workshop we will look at various types of knowledge mobilization, including journal articles, conference presentations, posters, policy briefs, and media reports. In this workshop you will learn the theory of clear language and design; practice clear language techniques; and review a variety of research communication tools including briefs and posters.”

November 18, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

CHILDREN
Screen-time reduction information and resources for people who care for preschool-aged children

Preventing Chronic Disease 2013;10
Aerobic physical activity is positively associated with cognition, academic achievement, behavior, and psychosocial functioning outcomes. More rigorous trials with adequate sample sizes assessing the impact of APA on children’s cognitive abilities, psychosocial functioning, behavior, and academic achievement are needed, with standardized interventions, valid and reliable tools of measurement, and long-term follow-up for sustained cognitive and psychosocial outcomes

This is a rare, well-documented model for promoting walking and cycling in a small or rural community.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications Available online 7 November 2013
doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2013.10.012
The primary goal of treatment in diabetes focuses on achieving and maintaining optimal glycemic levels, but lifestyle modification, including PA, will remain central to the long-term clinical management of diabetes. It may be advantageous for individuals with T2DM to make incremental gains toward the recommended PA level because of its demonstrated glycemic benefits; however, further investigation of the glycemic and vascular effects of PA among individuals with T2DM is warranted.

CONFERENCES
The 2014 Global Summit is currently accepting submissions for oral presentations, workshops, and poster presentations until December 1, 2013.

OLDER ADULTS
On-line Event 27 November 2013 13:00 - 14:30 EST
In partnership with the Population Health Promotion and Innovation Division of the Public Health Agency of Canada, the Age-Friendly Communities Canada Hub is excited to present a series of webinars on age-friendly communities in Canada.

BMC Geriatrics 2013, 13:81
 doi:10.1186/1471-2318-13-81
Three main components predicting falls were identified in a general elderly population after three and six years: reduced mobility, heart dysfunction and functional impairment including nocturia. The use of neuroleptic drugs was also a prominent individual risk factor, although the prevalence was low.

BMC Geriatrics 2013, 13:111
 doi:10.1186/1471-2318-13-111
Keeping older adults healthy and active is an emerging challenge of an aging society….. The subjects of this study were 25 older adults who participated in intergenerational programs with preschool children aged 5 to 6 years at an adult day care centre in Tokyo.
 
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice Vol 40, Iss 4, Dec 2013, Pages 801–820
Exercise is a fundamental component of good health. The ACSM and Exercise is Medicine recommend treating exercise as a vital sign, and assessing and prescribing physical activity at every medical visit. Achieving the recommended goals of physical activity results in significant reduction in all-cause mortality. Physicians can improve health by prescribing exercise.

Preventing Chronic Disease 2013;10
Our findings illustrate the need to increase the awareness of negative health implications of prolonged sedentary time while continuing to address the multiple impediments to physical activity as a way to combat chronic disease.

RESEARCH STUFF
Now available. During 2011 and 2012, data were collected from approximately 130,000 respondents aged 12 or older, residing in households in all provinces and territories.

The files provide data for 109 health regions or combined health regions across Canada and include information on a wide range of topics, including: physical activity, height and weight, smoking, exposure to second hand smoke, alcohol consumption, general health, chronic health conditions, injuries and use of health care services. It also provides information on the socio-demographic, income and labour force characteristics of the population.

 WORKPLACE
This is a group psychosocial resilience training program done in a workplace setting. The program aims to promote well-being by targeting five protective factors identified from empirical evidence: Positive emotions, cognitive flexibility, social support, life meaning, and active coping.

Friday

November 8, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights. 

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
The City of Calgary Parks undertook a safety review of the existing pathway system at the direction of Calgary City Council.  The Key Findings are included in this report. 

 A comprehensive source of information on walking and cycling improvements. 

This document (and associated database) is intended to provide meaningful estimates of infrastructure costs by collecting up-to-date cost information for pedestrian and bicycle treatments from states and cities across the country. Using this information, researchers, engineers, planners, and the general public can better understand the cost of pedestrian and bicycle treatments in their communities and make informed decisions about which infrastructure enhancements are best suited for implementation. 

This guide provides a roadmap to making all types of communities bicycle friendly... One of the most powerful ways to increase the amount of bicycle travel is the adoption of bicycle friendly laws and policies. Policies can remove obstacles to bicycling, create incentives for bicycling infrastructure, and make it easier and safer to bicycle. This guide helps policymakers figure out where to start, and spells out how to effectively use policy to promote bicycling..." 

Health & Place Available online 2 November 2013

Highlights:
·         This study explored variation in the association between walkability and walking across life stages, and by neighborhood buffer.
·         There were few differences in strength of associations across 200 m, 400 m, 800 m, and 1600 m for all adult life stages.
·         The results suggest that neighborhood walkability supports more walking regardless of adult life stage and is relevant at smaller and larger neighborhood buffers. 

At the ECF, we also have opinions on how certain policies (namely: pro-cycling measures) can improve the people's well being, thus their productivity and the economy as a whole. Therefore it came as little surprise to us discovering that the world's happiest countries rank at the very first places also in the ECF Cycling Barometer. In other words: the more a country rides, the happier it is....

CHILDREN
Health & Place Volume 24, November 2013, Pages 44–53
Highlights:

·         Fewer children in urban areas met screen-time public health recommendations.
·         Mothers from rural areas have more positive perceptions of their neighbourhood.
·         Area of residence moderated some associations between home/neighbourhood and PA and ST.
·         Physical activity as a family may be important for urban children′s sedentary time.
·         Similar neighbourhood and home environmental features appear to be important for rural and urban children′s physical activity. 

From the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects. A critical abstract by the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. 

Journal of Pediatric Nursing Available online 31 October 2013
doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2013.10.011
The study results support the findings from other research regarding the high prevalence of overweight and low levels of physical activity in rural children and higher levels of self-efficacy associated with higher levels of physical activity, aerobic fitness, and healthy body composition in youth. 

OLDER ADULTS
A report from the Canadian Federation of Municipalities. Municipalities of all sizes and in rural, urban and remote settings will have increasing populations of senior citizens in the years ahead. This reality has many implications for municipal policy and decision makers. This FCM QOLRS report highlights demographic trends associated with an aging population, and presents innovative municipal practices addressing them. (Includes a chapter on Active Aging). 

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
North Western University researchers note that the location of the phone can have a significant impact on how well the app can pick up a person's movement. Therefore, they have created a computer algorithm that can be used in conjunction with a physical activity app that is able to "predict" the location of a mobile phone throughout the day with "near perfect accuracy."  

From the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. This review examines the effectiveness of face-to-face interventions for physical activity promotion in community dwelling adults. 

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. This review examines the effectiveness of remote and web 2.0 interventions for physical activity promotion in community dwelling adults. 

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Available online 31 October 2013
doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2013.10.011
The Fitbit One activity monitors are valid and reliable devices for measuring step counts in healthy young adults. The distance output of the monitors are inaccurate and should be noted with caution. 

URBAN DESIGN
This new book by Barbara McCann provides detailed information on complete streets, which are designed to be safe for people of all ages and abilities, whether they are walking, driving, bicycling, or taking the bus. The book describes how the complete streets movement united bicycle riders, transportation practitioners and agencies, public health leaders, older Americans, and smart growth advocates to reframe roadway design goals and practices. 

Planning cannot force people to exercise, love their family or become friendlier with their neighbors, but good community design can support these objectives. Urban design can help create:

* Walkable neighborhoods, in which it is convenient, safe and comfortable for families to walk to local services and activities,… 
* Multi-modal transportation systems, with good walking conditions and public transport services, so young people, seniors, and other people who cannot drive have independence.  
* Small-scale, participatory neighborhood activities, such as local festivals and celebrations, cultural and art events, adult education, sports and games.

Public places play a key role in building community and placemaking can empower local communities to create a sense of "belonging" through place. A new report by a DUSP research team, led by [#Susan Silberberg], examines the interactions between placemaking, community participation, and the expanding ways communities are collaborating to make great public places. 

Research by the National Association of Realtors has consistently revealed that Americans prefer walkable, mixed-use neighborhoods and shorter commutes….. For detailed information go to NAR's 2013 Community Preference Survey Analysis and slides: http://bit.ly/177aI9i. 

This briefing note by Quebec’s National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy introduces the 'road diet,' an engineering technique that redesigns arterial roadways to control traffic speeds and better accommodate walking, cycling and public transit.  

 WORKPLACE
Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects: A critical abstract by the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination.