The Alberta Centre for Active Living regularly receives physical activity information from various sources, including listservs, websites, personal contacts, and e-mails.
These resources are useful for people who need evidence-based physical activity information for their work.
The information listed has been cut and pasted from its original source and is provided as information only.
Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link
to research papers in the Info Round-Up.To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/. Access to research articles will be dependent
on your institutional rights.
The National Complete Streets Coalition
had a whirlwind week at the first-ever National Walking Summit in Washington,
DC. More than 300 participants came together to discuss ways to support walking
through policy, design, advocacy, funding, organizing and engagement in
communities large and small.
Active travel may have positive effects on
health outcomes, but there is little robust evidence to date of the
effectiveness of active transport interventions for reducing obesity. Future
evaluations of such interventions should include an assessment of their impacts
on obesity and other health outcomes.
In the 2010-2011 CFLRI Physical Activity
Monitor, Canadian parents were asked to report on whether their child had
access to supervised programs after school. Parents were also asked to specify
how many days their child attends an after school program, where it is offered
and its primary purpose.
Research suggests that physical activity
improves physical condition, and it reduces maladaptive behaviour in
individuals with ASD. Sowa and Meulenbroek conducted a meta-analysis to explore
the effects of physical exercise on ASD.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to
a range of neurodevelopmental disorders that include autism, Asperger syndrome,
Rett’s disorder, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and Pervasive Developmental
Disorder– Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Initial studies have shown that
physical activity can improve behaviour (reduced aggression, increased
endurance, and / or strength, and increased time engaged in self-stimulatory
behaviour) and is recognized as one of the potential therapies that can improve
some symptoms of ASD.
Compared with neighborhood environment
factors, the family environment was more frequently associated with children's
MVPA. Parental MVPA was positively associated with children's MVPA, but only
among children whose parents reported a high presence of sporting venues.
Having more restrictive physical activity rules was negatively associated with
children's weekday MVPA in neighborhoods with high perceived stranger danger.
The 2010-2011 CFLRI Physical Activity
Monitor looks at parental involvement in children’s physical activity and
sport. Questions on the survey asked parents about the amount of time that they
spend playing active games with their child and transporting their children to
their physical activities or sports.
In this webinar, Dr. Maureen Dobbins,
Scientific Director of Health Evidence, will present the key messages and
implications for practice from the following Cochrane Review: School-based
physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in
children and adolescents aged 6 to 18. For those who are not able to attend at
this scheduled time, a recording of the presentation will be available on our
following the webinar.
Overall, aerobic ET programs consistent
with public health recommendations may promote up to modest weight loss (~ 2
kg), however the weight loss on an individual level is highly heterogeneous.
Clinicians should educate their patients on reasonable expectations of weight
loss based on their physical activity program and emphasize that numerous health
benefits occur from PA programs in the absence of weight loss.
Many of us struggle to be physically active
on a regular basis. One approach to this problem is to structure exercise right
into our lifestyle. When we think about exercise as an integrated part of daily
life, it stops being an add-on. Instead, it complements what we do every day.This SilverTimes article highlights hamstring
curls and partial squats.
Studies have shown that sedentary older
adults who engage in regular aerobic exercise can improve their scores on
cognitive function tests by 15 to 20 per cent. There is also evidence that
exercise can actually stimulate growth in the brain.”Read more about Exercise and the Aging Brain
in Let’s Talk About Aging, a report released by Alberta’s Chief Medical Officer
of Health earlier this year.
A short video excerpt from Winnipeg Shaw
TV.Kathryn Njegovan has lived with an
MS diagnosis for 13 years, and it wasn't until this last year that she felt her
health actually progressing... despite her MS also progressing. She attributes
the change in direction to Candace Swick, an Older Adult Rehab Therapist.
Perceived barriers to sport can influence
an individual’s decision to participate in sport or not. The 2011-2012 CFLRI Sport
Monitor explores the barriers perceived by those who do not participate in
sport. For the purposes of this bulletin, these barriers are divided into three
categories: time or financial barriers; personal barriers; and, barriers
related to the social or physical environment.
Psychology of Sport and Exercise
Available online 17 October 2013
Influences on four levels provided evidence
for the complexity of PF and health (outcome level). Initial behaviors predicted
current PF and health status, as well as their course. Thus, preventive
measures should ensure that healthy behaviors are adopted early in adulthood.
Compared to normal weight-fit individuals,
unfit individuals had twice the risk of mortality regardless of BMI. Overweight
and obese-fit individuals had similar mortality risks as normal weight-fit
individuals. Furthermore, the obesity paradox may not influence fit
individuals. Researchers, clinicians, and public health officials should focus
on physical activity and fitness-based interventions rather than weight-loss
driven approaches to reduce mortality risk.
Brought to you by McGill University’s
Bloomberg Manulife Prize for the Promotion of Active Health. Like the Prize,
which rewards groundbreaking research and discovery that encourages healthy
living, we are here to bring you the latest news about innovative practices and
ideas from around the world that we hope will inspire and empower you to lead a
more active, healthier life.
An RCT intervention from October 2007 to
April 2012 was used, with partial blinding of observers to the condition. All
data were analyzed in 2012….. Providing park directors and PABs with training
on outreach and marketing, feedback on park users, and modest funds increased
the amount of physical activity observed in parks.
In the 2011-2012 CFLRI Sport Monitor,
Canadians were asked about their perceptions of short- and long-term outcomes
as they relate to participation in sport. In particular, the survey asks about
their views on the possible beneficial and harmful aspects of participation in
To understand the core processes and
benchmarks that can transform cities into superior places to live and work,
McKinsey developed and analyzed a comprehensive database of urban economic,
social, and environmental performance indicators. The research included
interviewing 30 mayors and other leaders in city governments on four continents
and synthesizing the findings from more than 80 case studies that sought to
understand what city leaders did to improve processes and services from urban
planning to financial management and social housing. Smart Growth is identified as a key component.