August 23, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage:  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 45, Issue 3, September 2013, Pages 282-288
There are wide variations in the mode of travel to work across regions and sociodemographic groups in the UK. The protective association between active travel and cardiovascular risk demonstrated in this nationally representative study adds to growing evidence that concerted policy focus in this area may benefit population health.

Every department within the municipality will plan, develop and implement according to an age-friendly community lens, acknowledging and respecting the diversity of needs and desires among both the elderly and the young within the community

The OAP will offer free, evidence-based tools and information to address questions related to healthy, optimal aging. The portal will allow users to search the Health Evidence database of systematic reviews on topics related to optimal aging. The portal will be formally launched early in 2014.

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, early view, (August 8, 2013)
Before leaving the hospital, 115 people with a chronic illness, ages 70-92 years, were randomly assigned to a high-intensity aerobic interval exercise program or low-intensity exercises and telephone support. After three months, both groups improved in scores on health-related quality of life and physical activity assessments. The high-intensity group significantly improved their scores on the Senior Fitness Test compared to those in the low-intensity group.

Staging For Aging (24 minute YouTube video)
The Town of Jasper is a devoted advocate for developing age-friendly best practices. One of its key initiatives is a pilot proposal project called 'Staging for Aging' that includes the creation of a Seniors Outreach Worker.
This proposal sought broad community input into identifying challenges to community cohesion and engagement, while pooling available funding and services. The Seniors Outreach Worker helps to develop linkages between seniors and the community in order to improve their quality of life. Believing that a community’s most valuable resource is its people - and that it is crucial to provide opportunities for socialization, inclusion and engagement for all ages - Jasper also promotes other age-friendly initiatives, e.g.:
  • The Elder Skinny – a newsletter written and edited by senior residents, which highlights upcoming events, health tips, volunteer opportunities and services for seniors.
  • Harp Therapy – an activity led by a harp therapist, which provides an opportunity for seniors to socialize while relaxing to harp music.
  • Wilderness Access – a project that aims to encourage persons of all ages and abilities to take part in outdoor adventures with the assistance of trained staff and caregivers.
J Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol 113, Iss 9, Suppl, Sept 2013, Pages A87
Although a high percentage of RD's reported promoting PA, little use of a specific format (i.e., prescription) in advising or promoting PA was done. There appears to be a lack of standardized practice by RDs in promoting PA.

J Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Vol 113, Iss 9, Suppl, Sept 2013, Pages A15
This study indicated that overall a high percent of RDs were advising and promoting PA but that additional training in this area is still needed.

The Australian Government has released the first ever State of Preventive Health report, a comprehensive overview of the current health challenges facing Australians in relation to chronic disease and measures to reduce the key risk factors including physical inactivity.

The Centre will focus on physical activity promotion, public health nutrition, obesity prevention and diabetes prevention, and will work in developed and developing countries, as chronic disease is prevalent in most countries across the globe.

In the 1970s, the people of Vancouver decided they wanted their city to be walkable and healthy. The city established a policy that it wouldn’t widen any roads to accommodate more single-occupancy vehicles.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 45, Issue 3, September 2013, Pages 276-281
Increasing physical activity to a level commensurate with guidelines can alleviate current depression symptoms and prevent future symptoms in mid-aged women. Reducing sitting-time may ameliorate current symptoms.

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