Friday

August 2, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc


Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Where we live, work, and play influences health, as well as how we travel to those places. Transportation agencies are responsible for ensuring safe access to travel options, including walking and bicycling, for people of all ages and abilities. For a number of reasons, including chronic disease rates and changing demographics, there is growing interest across the country to better explore the links between health and transportation.

Walking, riding and public transport are important everyday modes of travel, and key parts of our urban transport systems. This statement sets out how the Australian Government will work to increase the proportion of people walking and riding for short trips, and accessing public transport, in our communities.

CHILDREN
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165(4):300-305
doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2010.244
Cognitive performance of adolescent girls who walk to school is better than that of girls who travel by bus or car. Moreover, cognitive performance is also better in girls who take more than 15 minutes than in those who live closer and have a shorter walk to school.

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 2013 10:83
doi:10.1186/1479-5868-10-83
Findings from this longitudinal study suggest that reducing the convenience of the car and improving the convenience of active modes as well as improving the safety of routes to school may promote uptake and maintenance of active commuting and the effectiveness of these interventions should be evaluated.

The Let’s Move! prescription for a healthier life includes goals that you and your patients can set together. Print the prescription and share it with your patients today.

Health Education & Behavior July 8, 2013
doi: 10.1177/1090198113490725
This study review concludes that playground interventions do have a role in increasing physical activity levels amongst school children during recess. However further research across a broader range of schools is needed to determine appropriate activities and designs suitable for specific ages and genders.

Preventive Medicine Available online 1 July 2013 In Press, Corrected Proof
This is the first study to evaluate the effect on physical activity of an intervention based on the CDC Coordinated School Health Approach.

Health Evidence Quality Review Rating: 8 (strong)
The review revealed a lack of high quality evaluations and statistical power to draw conclusions concerning the effectiveness of interventions conducted in physical education and school sport to improve enjoyment outcomes. It is argued that adequately powered interventions that target movement skills in secondary schools and evaluate school sport curriculum are urgently needed.

OLDER ADULTS
Health Evidence Review Quality Rating: 9 (Strong)
Practice Implications: Remote feedback is promising in an older population getting increasingly used to new technology.

This guide explains the research behind falls prevention exercise to give a better understanding of the kind of program that have been shown to be effective in preventing falls. It also provides examples of evidence-based programs that are currently in practice and demonstrates how they contribute to an integrated falls care pathway.

Health Evidence Review Quality Rating: 8 (Strong)
Physical exercise programs obtain clinically relevant outcomes in the treatment of depressive symptoms in depressed older people. Exercise, though not appropriate for all in this population, may improve mood in this group. Further research is needed to establish medium- to long-term effects and cost-effectiveness.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Summarizes discussions of the National Recreation Agenda process and input to date. Includes discussion of definitions of recreation, how to provide a vision, positioning statements, cornerstones to support a series of strategies to help build the recreation community and realize the vision.

RURAL
This report provides an introduction to different types of walking facilities that can be constructed in rural areas. It includes case studies of a number of communities building creative and cost-effective walking facilities….. Although each community is unique, these case study examples may help other communities identify opportunities to provide better walking infrastructure and the tools to implement such improvements.

URBAN DESIGN
The purpose of this white paper is to identify an integrated and flexible approach to how metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) and their partners can successfully consider aspects of health during the transportation planning process. Based on research including four best practice studies, (this) white paper proposes a framework for MPOs and partners to use to integrate health into metropolitan area transportation planning.

This primer aims to assist individuals and communities in understanding the complexity of public land ownership and some of the related legal and policy issues that may arise when partnering with public entities to create opportunities for physical recreation.

WOMEN
After a yearlong inclusive consultation and planning process, the Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity (CAAWS) is proud to release its new strategic plan that focuses on raising awareness and working with stakeholders to address issues affecting the active engagement of girls and women in sport and physical activity.

Canadian communities are becoming increasingly diverse, creating new challenges and opportunities for community sport and physical activity providers. Unfortunately, Girls and women from diverse ethno-cultural communities are the most underrepresented in Canada’s sport and physical activity system. Based on learnings from two CAAWS projects, the following considerations were identified to increase the cultural awareness of service providers to support the creation of welcoming sport and physical activity environments.

WORKPLACE
International Journal of Cardiology Available online 26 July 2013 In Press, Corrected Proof
… it seems that not only does the kind of task have to be considered, but also the level of energy expenditure associated with each type of task and their combined effects. The implications for workplace interventions are as yet unknown. However, because of the existence of likely compensatory mechanisms, a sensible strategy for CVD prevention in the workplace should promote some diversification of occupational tasks and activity.

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