Friday

August 16, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc


Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Am J Prev Med 2013;45(3):282–288
There are wide variations in the mode of travel to work across regions and sociodemographic groups in the UK. The protective association between active travel and cardiovascular risk demonstrated in this nationally representative study adds to growing evidence that concerted policy focus in this area may benefit population health.

The paper reports on the development of a new instrument for assessing adults’ perceptions of the neighbourhood environment (PENS) and uses data from the iConnect project (www.iconnect.ac.uk) to explore the relationships between different attributes of the environment and levels of walking and cycling for transport and recreation. This is one of few studies to have examined attributes of the physical environment and their associations with walking and cycling behaviors separately and for different purposes.

Preventive Medicine, Available online 9 August 2013, In Press
Transport policies to reduce car trips could produce important health benefits in terms of reduced morbidity, particularly for those who take up active transportation.

Preventive Medicine, Available online 9 August 2013, In Press
Highlights:
•We examined resident's usage of parks and their participation in physical activity.
•Park visits were associated with greater odds of transportation physical activity.
•Park visits were associated with greater odds of engaging in leisure-time walking.
•Park visits were associated with greater odds of engaging in leisure-time MVPA.
•Park visits were associated with greater odds of engaging in total physical activity.

CHILDREN
This practice briefing is designed to give practitioners and managers of early years settings practical ideas for promoting physical activity with the under fives.

Transportation Research Board of the National Academies Volume 2327 / 2013 pgs 9-18
"If children perceived their neighborhood to be a safe area in which to walk alone, they were also more likely to walk. For parents, the perception that strangers were present and the presence of busy streets influenced the mode of travel. Different effects were produced across separately estimated home-to-school and school-to-home models."

OLDER ADULTS
The European Centre for Environment and Human Health at the University of Exeter Medical School has begun Moving Stories – a project designed to understand the impact of physical activity on experiences and the perceptions of ageing. The project will investigate peoples’ experiences of being physically active in older age; and also examine how physically active older adults are perceived by other people.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
… Ministers reviewed progress on a number of physical activity and recreation initiatives: the Multisectoral Framework for Action on the After-School Time Period, which seeks to encourage children to be more physically active and reduce sedentary activities or other unhealthy or high-risk behaviors in the after-school time period; planning for a National Recreation Summit to be hosted in Ontario in 2014 and the development of a National Recreation Agenda; and Active Canada 20/20….

This is the first time in England that physical activity levels have been measured against the 2011 Chief Medical Officers’ UK physical activity guidelines. Due to differences in measuring physical activity levels, comparisons between previous results and the latest results are difficult but best estimates suggest there has been only a small increase in adults meeting the guidelines.

Brochure outlines how sport and physical activity: Contributes to the economy; Empowers communities: Improves health of Canadians; and, Achieves excellence (Olympic and Paralympic games).

RESEARCH STUFF
This template was created to assist scientists and others with the development of Knowledge Translation (KT) plans for research but can be used to plan for non-research projects. The Knowledge Translation Planning Template is universally applicable to areas beyond health.

URBAN DESIGN
Cities Available online 9 August 2013 In Press
Highlights:
•Re-connecting urban design and planning and public health collaboration is a priority.
•Optimal built environment scales and thresholds for promoting health are unknown.
•Public health findings can inform and guide planning decisions.

"Built environment characteristics are associated with walking, bicycling, transit use, and vehicle miles traveled (VMT). Developing built environments supportive of walking, bicycling, and transit use can help meet state VMT reduction goals. But tools are necessary to understand how changes to the built environment may translate into changes in travel. Such tools can help optimize land use and transportation investments for reduced VMT and communicate such changes to the public.”

WOMEN
This report compiles more than 100 original and trusted sources of data to showcase the growth and potential of female bicyclists in the United States. It also suggest five key focus areas — the 5 Cs — to increase women's ridership (Comfort, Convenience, Consumer Products, Confidence and Community).

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