Friday

July 19, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living
 

Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.
 
ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Blue Bombers spokesperson Darren Cameron said it's great to hear that the number of people riding their bikes to games has jumped. He said at the old stadium, usually between 60 and 70 cyclists would show up. He confirms that it was 1,200 at the home opener

A Health Evidence Quality Review. Interventions to promote walking in groups are efficacious at increasing physical activity. Despite low homogeneity of results, and limitations (e.g. small number of studies using objective measures of physical activity, publication bias), which might have influence the findings, the large fail-safe N suggests these findings are robust.

Journal of Transport Geography Online July 2013 In Press, Corrected Proof
Highlights:
·         Investigation of how the social environment influences time spent walking.
·         Conceptual framework is adapted from the physical activity literature.
·         Data are from the Hamilton Active Living Study.
·         Role models and neighborhood social cohesion increase time spent walking.
·         Encouragement and companionship have no effect on time spent walking.

While cities like New York struggle to get people onto bikes, Amsterdam is trying to keep its hordes of bikes under control. In a city of 800,000, there are 880,000 bicycles, the government estimates, four times the number of cars. In the past two decades, travel by bike has grown by 40 percent so that now about 32 percent of all trips within the city are by bike, compared with 22 percent by car.

Three quizzes: for a child, adult or motorist.  I tried the adult one – other than 2 questions related to state law the questions are very generic and apply to all.  Not all text questions – some involve diagrams of roads/cars/cyclists. 
If only we had this problem in North America!  While cities like New York struggle to get people onto bikes, Amsterdam is trying to keep its hordes of bikes under control. In a city of 800,000, there are 880,000 bicycles, the government estimates, four times the number of cars. In the past two decades, travel by bike has grown by 40 percent so that now about 32 percent of all trips within the city are by bike, compared with 22 percent by car..."

Pennsylvania Department of Transportation has produced four new videos aimed at educating children, motorists and parents about pedestrian safety.
·         Close call: Pedestrian safety for young drivers
·         Kids explain: Pedestrian safety for middle school-aged kids
·         Walk this way: Pedestrian safety for young children
·         One parent to another: Pedestrian safety

CHILDREN
A Health Evidence Quality Review. This review indicates that interventions can increase the proportion of time students spend in MVPA during PE lessons. As most children and adolescents participate in PE, these interventions could lead to substantial public health benefits.

Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior online 11 July 2013 In Press
Nutrition and health educators work in community settings implementing lifestyle programs focused on obesity prevention and chronic disease risk reduction. These programs typically focus on improving diet and physical activity (PA) behaviors. Many nutrition educators may not be confident in their ability to select, administer, and interpret PA assessments to effectively evaluate their PA or lifestyle programs. This report will assist educators in identifying and selecting appropriate field-based assessments for measurement of PA, physical fitness, and body composition for children and adults. Specific guidelines, references, and resources are given for selecting assessment methods and test within these 3 areas.

By consciously steering kids into places and situations that allow for active play, parents can play a pivotal role in increasing their children’s physical activity levels without the expense of structured sports lessons or the time commitment to get kids to programs.

Children’s perspectives of the meaning of play are very important in determining the right activities to keep them engaged and physically active. Although existing research primarily explores adults’ understanding of play, less is known about children’s views.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: 15 July 2013
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182a33010
A diabetes diagnosis may prompt patients to increase physical activity. Healthcare professionals should consider how best to capitalize on this opportunity to encourage increased physical activity and maintenance.

MENTAL HEALTH
A Health Evidence Quality Review.  There was a small significant overall effect for PA on depression. More outcome-focused, high-quality trials are required to effectively inform the implementation of programs to reduce depressive symptoms in children and adolescents.

OLDER ADULTS
A Health Evidence Quality Review. These studies consistently show that intensive physical rehabilitation enhances mobility and, when administered over a long period, may also improve the physical functioning of patients with dementia.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
This bulletin explores the nature of sport participation, including the use of a coach, training, competition, and the primary type of environment and location where Canadians participate.

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2013, 10:79
doi:10.1186/1479-5868-10-79
This research identified a relationship between cell phone use, physical and sedentary activity, and cardiorespiratory fitness. This is the first study that we are aware of to assess these relationships in any population. Cell phone use, like traditional sedentary behaviors, may disrupt physical activity and reduce cardiorespiratory fitness.

Compared to 2006-2007, there has been no significant change in the proportion participating in sport. Gender and age disparities generally persist in both time periods.

RURAL
The physical environment of schools may influence physical activity (PA) levels of the student population. This Research File highlights a study by Hobin et al. which aimed to explore differences in time spent in PA among secondary school students attending schools in rural, urban and suburban environments, and to identify environment-level and student-level factors pertaining to between-school differences among students.

A recent research paper reveals that environmental differences in where we live and go to school do have an impact on how high school students get active and how much physical activity they tend to get.

WOMEN
The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry In Press, Corrected Proof
Higher level of very late-life physical activity was associated with a lower risk of subsequent dementia in oldest-old women. These findings support future studies for late-life physical activity interventions for the prevention of dementia among oldest-old women.

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