June 7, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage:  Access to research  articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.  
Health Psychology Online first March 2013
Study selection: Randomized and non-randomized studies on the effect of individually targeted intervention materials to promote walking and cycling interventions in adults were eligible for inclusion. Interventions delivered at a population level (such as mass-media campaigns) were excluded. Interventions had to be compared to "standard care" or "no intervention".

It's the first time the state has quantified spending on organized bike rides, races and other non-commuting trips. Additionally, their survey broke cycling activity down by region, and showed where the spinoff spending goes...

The primary objective of this study was to estimate the statewide economic impacts of active transportation in New Jersey in one year. The study was conducted in 2012 and used data from calendar year 2011. The research analyzed active transportation-related capital investments, businesses, and events to estimate economic activity generated and jobs supported. Using economic modeling, the research concluded that these components of active transportation contributed an estimated $497.46 million to the New Jersey economy in 2011.

The report recommends a number of measures to increase cycling uptake….

This brief summarizes the available evidence about strategies for increasing bicycling levels and encouraging bicycling as a mode of transportation. It also presents related policy implications.

Preventive Medicine Online 30 May 2013 In Press
·         Child’s proximity to food and physical activity outlets was measured multiple ways.
·         Child’s proximity to convenience stores was related to adverse weight outcomes.
·         Child’s proximity to parks was associated with improved weight outcomes.
·         Specific proximity measures have different meanings in varied geo-spatial contexts.
·         Ill-suited proximity measures may confound findings and mislead interventions.

Parents who walked to school themselves could be driving their children towards chronic ill health in the future which could cost the UK billions, says the Must Try Harder report published by Living Streets…

Mayo Clinic Proceedings Volume 88, Issue 6, June 2013, Pages 588–592
Among this large sample of adults, those with a family history of chronic disease were less inclined to regularly engage in physical activity. Thus, targeted programs encouraging adoption and maintenance of health-promoting physical activity might be warranted, specifically targeting individuals with familial history of disease.

PLoS ONE 8(6): e65130.
Researchers found no single reason that less affluent patients exercised less, but rather pointed to a variety of factors….. Another problem, noted the lead researcher, David Alter, in an interview is that exercise is still not prescribed routinely and programs are not in place to facilitate it.

This report considers how physical activity can enhance psychological wellbeing and mental health, asking people to reconsider the way they view physical activity in the UK.

An Online Networking and Knowledge Exchange Platform

Osteoporosis International April 2013
It appears that resistance training alone or in combination with impact-loading activities are most osteogenic for this population, whereas the walking trials had limited effect on BMD. Therefore, regular resistance training and impact-loading activities should be considered as a strategy to prevent osteoporosis in middle-aged and older men. High quality randomized controlled trials are needed to establish the optimal exercise prescription.

BioMed Central Public Health 2013, 13:449
A systematic literature search of the published literature was conducted. Included were published reports of original research that independently reported: the PA level of non-institutional older adults (aged 60 years and over); and the proportion of older adults in the different samples who met PA recommendations or guidelines. The review was restricted to studies published since 2000 to provide a current picture of older adults’ PA levels.

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has published new guidelines for primary care practitioners to support them to identify adults who are not active enough and encourage them to get moving.

Landscape and Urban Planning Volume 117, September 2013, Pages 100–111
Urban nature parks that are responsive to public needs will be valued by the public, who will ultimately express their interests through voting. In order for management to be responsive to the public, park professionals need to understand public attitudes about urban nature spaces.

Accident Analysis & Prevention Online 31 May 2013 In Press
·         Better land use diversity, intersection density, and accessibilities to retail shops tend to increase walking activities.
·         Accessibility to retail shops, as well as speed limits and traffic volumes, are associated with traffic crash frequency.
·         Traffic crash frequency in a neighborhood is negatively correlated with older residents’ walking activity levels.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD009209.
DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009209.pub2
We conclude that there was insufficient evidence to assess whether workplace pedometer interventions are of benefit. There is a need for further high quality randomized controlled trials to be undertaken with a range of health outcomes and assessment in the long term.

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