Friday

June 28, 2013

Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

Note: The Round-Up will return July 11th

ABORIGINAL
Most health care providers and policy-makers know there are significant health disparities between First Nations, Inuit, and Métis people and non-Indigenous Canadians. What they don’t know is that the attitudes and behaviour of health care providers may unwittingly contribute to this situation…

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
A new infographic from the Bupa Group (Australia)

Preventive Medicine online 19 June 2013 In Press, Uncorrected Proof
The study examined correlates of bicycle ownership and bicycling frequency, and projected increases in cycling if perceived safety from cars was improved. Participants were 1780 adults aged 20–65 recruited from the Seattle, Washington and Baltimore, Maryland regions….


The latest batch of data from Statistics Canada shows no difference in the percentage of Canadians who rode their bike to work in 2011 and 2006. That number remains unchanged at 1.3 per cent. That works out to 201,785 cyclists out of more than 15 million commuters.

KidActive is our app that will help you guide your kids to physical literacy. It was built for your mobile phone or tablet but you can also use it on any computer. It includes 50+ fun, quick and easy activities that your kids can do.

CHILDREN
The Excellence in Paediatrics Institute, a global community of pediatric healthcare professionals, announced a new educational initiative to help support families in making lifestyle changes, called PEARL…..

If you'd like to get your family onto their feet, try these great activities. Do them on the way home from school, on the weekend, or on your next holiday.

CHRONIC DISEASE
The purpose of the Policy, Location, and Access in Community Environments (PLACE) research lab is to contribute to a better understanding of the people-policy-place relationships in chronic disease interventions and prevention initiatives. Work in the PLACE lab involves community-based participatory research, qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and GIS mapping.

Social Science & Medicine online 19 June 2013 In Press, Accepted Manuscript
In particular, we find that to improve their lifestyles, overweight and obese people would be more likely to do more physical activity than to change their diets. Therefore, public policies aimed to target obesity and its related illnesses in Northern Ireland should invest public money in promoting physical activity rather than healthier diets.

DISABILITY/ACCESSIBILITY
This document is designed to engage six important sectors as partners with a mutual interest in increasing physical activity among adults with arthritis using environmental and policy strategies.

OLDER ADULTS
How do you get urban planners, transportation engineers, and anyone running around a city in their prime to picture the places where we live through the shaded eyes of an octogenarian?

Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics online 21 June 2013 In Press, Corrected Proof
This study examined the relationships between locomotive and visual/hearing disorders and the risk of falling and ADL function in community-dwelling elderly individuals in Japan. The influence to the risk of falling was grater in the presence of only a locomotive disorder than other disorders….. Although there was no significant odds ratio in the presence of multiple disorders, the prevalence rate of the multiple disorders increases with age, and the risk of falling increases with age. Having multiple disorders or locomotive disorder had a significant effect on physical function, and this trend was more prevalent in females than in males.

Research on Aging July 2013 vol. 35 no. 4 459-480
doi: 10.1177/0164027512454886
During six focus group, 51 residents of retirement villages in Australia discussed the environment that would support active lifestyles. The three factors identified by residents were a positive social environment within the retirement village, the facilities and services available both within the village and in the surrounding neighborhood, and infrastructure that made it easy to walk. The authors wrote that the unique finding was that the residents were interested in environmental factors in the surrounding neighborhood as well as in the village.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Perspectives on Sport is a series of short articles on topics of interest relating to sport and physical recreation using data sourced from a range of ABS surveys. This release includes Children's participation in physical activity and screen-based activities and Women in Sport.

A proposed bipartisan bill that would require the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to prescribe exercise guidelines for Americans……. driven by their concerns about helping to promote healthy exercise habits, especially among schoolchildren. Under their bill, HHS would publish a report on "Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans" every 10 years. The report would contain exercise guidelines, which would be promoted by federal agencies that promote good health.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 45, Iss 1, July 2013, Pages 56–63
Financial incentives have been advocated by the UK and U.S. governments to encourage adoption of healthy lifestyles. However, evidence to support the use of incentives for changing physical activity (PA) behavior is sparse….The authors conclude that financial incentives did not encourage participants to undertake more PA than self-monitoring PA.

The Playing for Life (P4L) philosophy is based on a theoretical approach that uses games rather than drills to introduce sport or structured physical activity. It is designed to create a fun and inclusive environment for children of all abilities to participate in sporting activities.

URBAN DESIGN
Many communities across the country are increasingly interested in linkages between
health and transportation. Components of the transportation decision making process
can offer health practitioners an opportunity to participate in the process.

WOMEN
American Journal of Cardiology, 111(12):1805-1811
Physical activity and healthy eating help control levels of blood sugar and blood pressure, while lowering or maintaining a healthy body weight… The results suggested that low-to-moderate intensity cardiorespiratory exercise did lower components of the metabolic syndrome in the exercising women.

Journal of Women Aging. 2013;25(3):260-72
doi: 10.1080/08952841.2013.791605
group of 200 women, ages 45-64 years old, were asked about their current levels of physical activity, what motivated them to be active, and their plans for the future. Initially, the women engaged in physical activity for personal fulfillment. Their current motivations were the health benefits, taking care of oneself, and outdoor and family activities.

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