Friday

June 28, 2013

Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

Note: The Round-Up will return July 11th

ABORIGINAL
Most health care providers and policy-makers know there are significant health disparities between First Nations, Inuit, and Métis people and non-Indigenous Canadians. What they don’t know is that the attitudes and behaviour of health care providers may unwittingly contribute to this situation…

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
A new infographic from the Bupa Group (Australia)

Preventive Medicine online 19 June 2013 In Press, Uncorrected Proof
The study examined correlates of bicycle ownership and bicycling frequency, and projected increases in cycling if perceived safety from cars was improved. Participants were 1780 adults aged 20–65 recruited from the Seattle, Washington and Baltimore, Maryland regions….


The latest batch of data from Statistics Canada shows no difference in the percentage of Canadians who rode their bike to work in 2011 and 2006. That number remains unchanged at 1.3 per cent. That works out to 201,785 cyclists out of more than 15 million commuters.

KidActive is our app that will help you guide your kids to physical literacy. It was built for your mobile phone or tablet but you can also use it on any computer. It includes 50+ fun, quick and easy activities that your kids can do.

CHILDREN
The Excellence in Paediatrics Institute, a global community of pediatric healthcare professionals, announced a new educational initiative to help support families in making lifestyle changes, called PEARL…..

If you'd like to get your family onto their feet, try these great activities. Do them on the way home from school, on the weekend, or on your next holiday.

CHRONIC DISEASE
The purpose of the Policy, Location, and Access in Community Environments (PLACE) research lab is to contribute to a better understanding of the people-policy-place relationships in chronic disease interventions and prevention initiatives. Work in the PLACE lab involves community-based participatory research, qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and GIS mapping.

Social Science & Medicine online 19 June 2013 In Press, Accepted Manuscript
In particular, we find that to improve their lifestyles, overweight and obese people would be more likely to do more physical activity than to change their diets. Therefore, public policies aimed to target obesity and its related illnesses in Northern Ireland should invest public money in promoting physical activity rather than healthier diets.

DISABILITY/ACCESSIBILITY
This document is designed to engage six important sectors as partners with a mutual interest in increasing physical activity among adults with arthritis using environmental and policy strategies.

OLDER ADULTS
How do you get urban planners, transportation engineers, and anyone running around a city in their prime to picture the places where we live through the shaded eyes of an octogenarian?

Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics online 21 June 2013 In Press, Corrected Proof
This study examined the relationships between locomotive and visual/hearing disorders and the risk of falling and ADL function in community-dwelling elderly individuals in Japan. The influence to the risk of falling was grater in the presence of only a locomotive disorder than other disorders….. Although there was no significant odds ratio in the presence of multiple disorders, the prevalence rate of the multiple disorders increases with age, and the risk of falling increases with age. Having multiple disorders or locomotive disorder had a significant effect on physical function, and this trend was more prevalent in females than in males.

Research on Aging July 2013 vol. 35 no. 4 459-480
doi: 10.1177/0164027512454886
During six focus group, 51 residents of retirement villages in Australia discussed the environment that would support active lifestyles. The three factors identified by residents were a positive social environment within the retirement village, the facilities and services available both within the village and in the surrounding neighborhood, and infrastructure that made it easy to walk. The authors wrote that the unique finding was that the residents were interested in environmental factors in the surrounding neighborhood as well as in the village.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Perspectives on Sport is a series of short articles on topics of interest relating to sport and physical recreation using data sourced from a range of ABS surveys. This release includes Children's participation in physical activity and screen-based activities and Women in Sport.

A proposed bipartisan bill that would require the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to prescribe exercise guidelines for Americans……. driven by their concerns about helping to promote healthy exercise habits, especially among schoolchildren. Under their bill, HHS would publish a report on "Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans" every 10 years. The report would contain exercise guidelines, which would be promoted by federal agencies that promote good health.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 45, Iss 1, July 2013, Pages 56–63
Financial incentives have been advocated by the UK and U.S. governments to encourage adoption of healthy lifestyles. However, evidence to support the use of incentives for changing physical activity (PA) behavior is sparse….The authors conclude that financial incentives did not encourage participants to undertake more PA than self-monitoring PA.

The Playing for Life (P4L) philosophy is based on a theoretical approach that uses games rather than drills to introduce sport or structured physical activity. It is designed to create a fun and inclusive environment for children of all abilities to participate in sporting activities.

URBAN DESIGN
Many communities across the country are increasingly interested in linkages between
health and transportation. Components of the transportation decision making process
can offer health practitioners an opportunity to participate in the process.

WOMEN
American Journal of Cardiology, 111(12):1805-1811
Physical activity and healthy eating help control levels of blood sugar and blood pressure, while lowering or maintaining a healthy body weight… The results suggested that low-to-moderate intensity cardiorespiratory exercise did lower components of the metabolic syndrome in the exercising women.

Journal of Women Aging. 2013;25(3):260-72
doi: 10.1080/08952841.2013.791605
group of 200 women, ages 45-64 years old, were asked about their current levels of physical activity, what motivated them to be active, and their plans for the future. Initially, the women engaged in physical activity for personal fulfillment. Their current motivations were the health benefits, taking care of oneself, and outdoor and family activities.

June 21, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.
 
CHILDREN
It is the desire of the kids to bike to school every day.  This has happened as part of the coming together of several important factors – a community that is focused on activity and health, great parent role models who encourage active, healthy lifestyles for their kids, school infrastructure support in numerous, centralized bike racks, school personnel support in a principle and physical education teachers who praise and reward kids for being active, and a municipal government that has invested in a great connected trails system.

CHRONIC DISEASE
The Ontario Society for Health and Fitness is pleased to be offering two special professional development seminars on the role of physical activity in the prevention and management of Type II Diabetes…. The seminars present an excellent opportunity for exercise professionals, diabetes educators, and other health and wellness practitioners to learn, network, and enhance their clinical expertise.

DISABILITY/ACCESSIBILITY
Research in Developmental Disabilities Vol 34, Iss 9, Sept 2013, Pgs 2701–2707
Highlights:
·         Balance and motor tasks of children with ID can be improved by trampoline intervention program.
·         Trampoline is an effective training that provides deep proprioception as well as other sensory inputs.
·         Trampoline can facilitate the overall development of children with ID.
·         Students with ID require intervention programs that are fun and interesting in order to remain active.
OBESITY/OVERWEIGHT
From Statistics Canada – updated 19 June 2013.

OLDER ADULTS
The Lancet Vol 12, Iss 7, July 2013, Pgs 716–726
Exercises that incorporate goal-based training and aerobic activity have the potential to improve both cognitive and automatic components of motor control in individuals with mild to moderate disease through experience-dependent neuroplasticity.

Fourteen years ago, I was given a walking regimen that was absolutely fail-proof -- a mandatory, no questions asked, have to do it walking plan -- twice a day……

This (UK) practice briefing uses research evidence to provide practical strategies to effectively promote physical activity with older adults. The briefing particularly concentrates on people aged 65 and over who are already active or in transition towards becoming frailer. Looks like there are lots of practical tips/ideas – no matter what country or health system you work within.

On June 6, 2013, Strathcona County was recognized for its efforts to create an age-friendly community for residents. Age-friendly communities promote healthy and active aging. People in age-friendly communities are supported in maintaining their independence, and can access public buildings and amenities, participate in community events and initiatives, and acquire the supports and services they need.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
From Statistics Canada – updated 19 June 2013.

URBAN DESIGN
This Urban Land Institute survey shows that broad and diverse groups of citizens prefer compact, mixed-use neighborhoods and over half of all adults would trade a big house for a shorter commute. These preferences, including those for walkable and transit-friendly neighborhoods, support the call for Complete Streets in communities across the country

The Make a Place for People project is based on the idea that community participation is key to the creation of vibrant and healthy public spaces.  With support from the Ontario Government, 8-80 Cities facilitated a community-led visioning processes to inject new life into currently underperforming public spaces…. The document includes useful engagement and public space assessment tools that can be used by any community.

A user-friendly tool for action and positive change in Red Deer. This document is the result of a partnership project between 8-80 Cities, Gehl Architects and The City of Red Deer to identify the strategies and actions needed to provide Red Deerians with more mobility choices, and as such a better quality of life. It takes its inspiration from a traditional sports playbook and sets out a series of “plays” or strategies that The City should take in order to create a more integrated and balanced mobility network.

WORKPLACE
This program is designed to assist employers in building successful workplace wellness programs by implementing science-based disease prevention and wellness strategies to help reduce chronic diseases.

June 14, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
The national ‘Active Travel and Health' group in the UK has produced three briefings on walking and cycling for local authorities…. The briefings are in the form of short Powerpoint presentations and bring together all the latest evidence, policy and ideas on active travel….. The briefings are aimed at three separate audiences: elected members, directors of public health and directors of transport.

WALK Friendly Ontario is a recognition program that encourages municipalities to create and improve spaces and places to walk by awarding Bronze, Silver, Gold or Platinum designations. Using our comprehensive framework of indicators for walkability, municipalities can benchmark their current status and measure progress over time.

CHILDREN
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Vol 16, Iss 4, July 2013, Pages 291
This issue of the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport includes several papers that demonstrate the importance of family and environment on physical activity and health/wellbeing of children.



This new report from the Institute of Medicine encourages the U.S. Department of Education to designate physical education as a core subject like history and mathematics.

Preventing  Chronic Disease 2013;10:120270
We completed 172 SOPARC observations and related environmental assessments for 12 school sites. Observations made on 1,669 site users showed that most of them were Hispanic and nearly half were adults; three-quarters engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity. Community member use of school sites was 16 times higher in joint-use schools that had physical activity programs than in schools without such programs

Australia’s sporting clubs have the potential to recruit over 1.1 million Australian primary school aged children in sport if they can address the key barriers to their sport participation, according to this new report released by the Australian Sports Commission (ASC).

Preventing Chronic Disease 2013;10:120232
The child care environment has emerged as an ideal setting in which to implement policies that promote healthy body weight of children. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a wellness policy and training program on the physical activity and nutrition environment in 24 child care centers in Georgia….. Findings from this study suggest that implementing wellness policies and training caregivers in best practices for physical activity and nutrition can promote healthy weight for young children in child care settings.

Published by the Peel Children and Youth Initiative
This report is a comprehensive, long-term strategy that is rooted in extensive high-quality research and based on the principle of collective impact. Its development has been a collaborative process with numerous stakeholders across Peel Region. The report’s recommendations aim to increase the number of Peel’s children who can participate in good quality, safe and healthy recreational and after school activities – with the support of many community partners.

The Lancet Vol 381, Iss 9882, 8–14 June 2013, Page 1960
Physical activity should be a priority for all schools, but, importantly, we must not allow children who do not excel in sport to drift or be ignored. Children should associate positively with active behaviours early in life to carry and maintain a healthy relationship with physical activity through to adulthood.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Diabetologia, 46(8), 1071-1081
Regular exercise has a statistically and clinically significant effect on VO(2max) in Type 2 diabetic individuals. Higher intensity exercise could have additional benefits on cardiorespiratory fitness and HbA(1c).

OBESITY/OVERWEIGHT
Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 2013, 38(3): 249-258
doi:  10.1139/apnm-2012-0227
The recommendations in this paper can be used in other pediatric PA programs, physical education settings, and public health programs, with the hope of decreasing attrition and increasing the benefits of PA participation to promote health in children and adolescents.

Read about the importance of physical activity as a lifestyle intervention in the Australian Government response to the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Health and Ageing obesity report.

OLDER ADULTS
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD004294.
DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004294.pub3
This review investigates the effects of physical rehabilitation on activities of daily living, strength, flexibility, balance, mood, cognition (memory and thinking), exercise tolerance, fear of falling, death, illness, and unwanted effects associated with the intervention, such as injuries. While variations between trials meant that we could not make specific recommendations, individual studies were often successful in demonstrating benefits to physical health from participating in different types of physical rehabilitation.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
The main objectives of the eLF project are to create a European training system for e-learning in fitness to cover the minimum standards for both the theory (knowledge) and the practical skills and competencies and to create a platform for an interactive national professional register which will collaborate with other international registers.

From the UK.  A screening tool used in routine general practice to provide a simple physical activity index.

Endocrinología y Nutrición (English Edition) Vol 60, Iss 4, April 2013, Pages 167–172
Moderate regular physical activity is associated to higher insulin sensitivity, an improved lipid profile, and a decrease in components of metabolic syndrome with no change in weight or BMI.

RESEARCH STUFF
The Sports Science Unit at the School of Medical Sciences is coming up with an online journal titled “Journal of Physical Activity, Sports & Exercise.” It is an open access journal that aims to publish manuscript focusing on any area related to physical activity, sports and exercise.

The journal is now accepting submission of manuscripts that focus on physical activity, sports and exercise for the first volume planned to be published by late June/early July 2013.

Manuscripts can be of various formats including original articles, research reviews, commentaries as well as letter to editors and can be submitted through the online submission system.

URBAN DESIGN
The purpose of this Alberta Health Services report is to summarize the evidence identified in the built environment and health literature reviews and produce evidence-informed recommendations emerging from these reviews with reference to information obtained from a limited environmental scan.

The purpose of this Alberta Health Services review was to capture and review the large body of available scientific literature, two systematic literature reviews were conducted….. Based on the identified literature, several conclusions were developed to inform The Built Environment Health Promotion Strategy

WORKPLACE
American Journal of Health Promotion, In Press 2013
Interventions that had less rigorous research designs, used pedometers, applied Internet-based approaches, and included activities at social and environmental levels were more likely to report being effective than those without these characteristics.

June 7, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research  articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.  
ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Health Psychology Online first March 2013
Study selection: Randomized and non-randomized studies on the effect of individually targeted intervention materials to promote walking and cycling interventions in adults were eligible for inclusion. Interventions delivered at a population level (such as mass-media campaigns) were excluded. Interventions had to be compared to "standard care" or "no intervention".

It's the first time the state has quantified spending on organized bike rides, races and other non-commuting trips. Additionally, their survey broke cycling activity down by region, and showed where the spinoff spending goes...

The primary objective of this study was to estimate the statewide economic impacts of active transportation in New Jersey in one year. The study was conducted in 2012 and used data from calendar year 2011. The research analyzed active transportation-related capital investments, businesses, and events to estimate economic activity generated and jobs supported. Using economic modeling, the research concluded that these components of active transportation contributed an estimated $497.46 million to the New Jersey economy in 2011.

The report recommends a number of measures to increase cycling uptake….


This brief summarizes the available evidence about strategies for increasing bicycling levels and encouraging bicycling as a mode of transportation. It also presents related policy implications.

CHILDREN
Preventive Medicine Online 30 May 2013 In Press
Highlights:
·         Child’s proximity to food and physical activity outlets was measured multiple ways.
·         Child’s proximity to convenience stores was related to adverse weight outcomes.
·         Child’s proximity to parks was associated with improved weight outcomes.
·         Specific proximity measures have different meanings in varied geo-spatial contexts.
·         Ill-suited proximity measures may confound findings and mislead interventions.

Parents who walked to school themselves could be driving their children towards chronic ill health in the future which could cost the UK billions, says the Must Try Harder report published by Living Streets…

CHRONIC DISEASE
Mayo Clinic Proceedings Volume 88, Issue 6, June 2013, Pages 588–592
Among this large sample of adults, those with a family history of chronic disease were less inclined to regularly engage in physical activity. Thus, targeted programs encouraging adoption and maintenance of health-promoting physical activity might be warranted, specifically targeting individuals with familial history of disease.

PLoS ONE 8(6): e65130.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065130
Researchers found no single reason that less affluent patients exercised less, but rather pointed to a variety of factors….. Another problem, noted the lead researcher, David Alter, in an interview is that exercise is still not prescribed routinely and programs are not in place to facilitate it.

MENTAL HEALTH
This report considers how physical activity can enhance psychological wellbeing and mental health, asking people to reconsider the way they view physical activity in the UK.

OLDER ADULTS
An Online Networking and Knowledge Exchange Platform

Osteoporosis International April 2013
It appears that resistance training alone or in combination with impact-loading activities are most osteogenic for this population, whereas the walking trials had limited effect on BMD. Therefore, regular resistance training and impact-loading activities should be considered as a strategy to prevent osteoporosis in middle-aged and older men. High quality randomized controlled trials are needed to establish the optimal exercise prescription.

BioMed Central Public Health 2013, 13:449
doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-449
A systematic literature search of the published literature was conducted. Included were published reports of original research that independently reported: the PA level of non-institutional older adults (aged 60 years and over); and the proportion of older adults in the different samples who met PA recommendations or guidelines. The review was restricted to studies published since 2000 to provide a current picture of older adults’ PA levels.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has published new guidelines for primary care practitioners to support them to identify adults who are not active enough and encourage them to get moving.

URBAN DESIGN
Landscape and Urban Planning Volume 117, September 2013, Pages 100–111
Urban nature parks that are responsive to public needs will be valued by the public, who will ultimately express their interests through voting. In order for management to be responsive to the public, park professionals need to understand public attitudes about urban nature spaces.

Accident Analysis & Prevention Online 31 May 2013 In Press
Highlights:
·         Better land use diversity, intersection density, and accessibilities to retail shops tend to increase walking activities.
·         Accessibility to retail shops, as well as speed limits and traffic volumes, are associated with traffic crash frequency.
·         Traffic crash frequency in a neighborhood is negatively correlated with older residents’ walking activity levels.

WORKPLACE
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD009209.
DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009209.pub2
We conclude that there was insufficient evidence to assess whether workplace pedometer interventions are of benefit. There is a need for further high quality randomized controlled trials to be undertaken with a range of health outcomes and assessment in the long term.