Friday

May 31, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc



NOTE: Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
The 2013 Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card Summary

A video featuring prominent active living researchers promoting how to make cities more walkable.

Spacing is pleased to be working with the Toronto Cycling Think & Do Tank, a research partnership located at the School of the Environment, University of Toronto, devoted to increasing cycling for transportation. This is the start of an ongoing series of posts looking at some of the research coming out of the think tank.

A relative newcomer in the field of modeling behavior patterns - agent-based simulation - can empower planners to go beyond intuition and predict the outcomes of design decisions at the neighbourhood scale in surprising detail. In addition, it allows “what if” explorations, testing planning scenarios and implementations with ease.

CHILDREN
Am J of Preventive Medicine Vol 44, Iss 6, June 2013, Pages 605–611
Data from two longitudinal studies conducted in Melbourne, Australia, were used. Accelerometer data were provided for 2053 children at baseline; 756 at 3-year follow-up and 622 at 5-year follow-up….. The importance of the afterschool period for children’s physical activity increases with age, particularly as children enter adolescence.

A new health fact sheet based on information from the Canadian Health Measures Survey.

The fact sheets look at a range of elements of physical activity including:
•general trends
•travel to school
•provision of PE and sport in schools
•activities outside of school

Today's schoolchildren face future illness because parents insist on driving them to school, according to a new report from the UK.

Am J of Preventive Medicine Vol 44, Iss 6, June 2013, Pages 651–658
This review highlights the importance of establishing recommended levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior during the early years of life. Based on this review, the following recommendations are made: (1) early childhood should be targeted as a critical time to promote healthy lifestyle behaviors through methodologically sound prevention studies; and (2) future tracking studies should assess a broad range of sedentary behaviors using objective measures.

BioMed Central Public Health 2013, 13:399
doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-399
Football United was successful using a sport-oriented program in developing cross-cultural relationships and creating positive behaviours particularly amongst boys. The impact of Football United has only been assessed for individual impact; further studies are needed to determine the effect of sport-for-development programs on the whole of school environment and the community.

The Journal of Pediatrics Volume 162, Issue 6, June 2013, Pages 1169–1174
This study does not support an independent effect of sedentarism on adiposity. The preventive effect of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity on adiposity in children and adolescents remained strong after adjusting for the effect of sedentarism.

Calgary - Captain Nichola Goddard School teacher Deborah Rheinstein recalls a school meeting in which some parents worried the traffic chaos at drop-off time was too dangerous for kids on foot or bikes, so they chose do drive instead. Although she was too kind to say it, the irony of that situation is sadly rich.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice  In Press, Corrected Proof
Performing more than 150 min of intense physical activity a week is associated with better metabolic control in type 1 Spanish patients. No positive impact in metabolic control was observed in relation to the time spent in moderate physical activity.

Canadian Journal of Diabetes Volume 37, Supplement 3, June 2013, Pages S306
Executive Summary: Canadian Diabetes Association 2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes in Canada

HEALTH GENERAL
The Government of Canada is providing more than $1.4 million in funding under the Healthy Living Fund for community-based projects across the country that will help Canadians lead healthier lives…………

OLDER ADULTS
The term “active aging” means staying involved in life, and the seven dimensions of wellness are a framework to support that purpose. Staying active appears to be a consistent goal of centenarians—people who are 100 years old.

Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness In Press, Corrected Proof
The aging process occurs at different rates among different tissues. The complication of the definition of aging is due to the occurrence of various diseases that modify body functions and tissue structure. Advances in medicine and public health have considerably increased life expectancy over the past 200 years. An enormous effort has recently been expended to understand how the aging process is regulated at the molecular and cellular levels with hopes to find a way to extend maximal life span. There are several determinants of life span, but one common thread that has emerged in a variety of species from yeast to rodents is regulation of life span by mitochondria. Mitochondria decay that occurs with age cannot be counteracted unless physical activity is enhanced……………………

Many older Canadians are anxious to get winter over with NOW. We want to get out, be in the fresh air, and feel the sun’s rays. With longer days, warmer temperatures, and dryer ground on the way, you can take your first steps to a fun and fit summer.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
BioMed Central Public Health. 2012; 12: 41
Many countries in the Asia-Pacific region collect population-level PA data. This review highlights differences in estimates within and between countries. Some differences may be real, others due to variation in the PA questions asked and survey methods used.

The CHMS, which collects both self-reported and direct measures of Canadians' health, measured the physical activity of Canadians through the use of an activity monitor worn by respondents for the week following their visit to a mobile examination centre. Data collected from 2007 to 2011 show that about 15% of Canadian adults and 6% of children and youth met the current physical activity guidelines recommended for their age group.

This site is designed to provide the updated 2011 Compendium of Physical Activities and additional resources. The 2011 update identifies and updates MET codes that have published evidence to support the values. In addition, new codes have been added to reflect the growing body of knowledge and popular activities.

A new health fact sheet based on information from the Canadian Health Measures Survey.

This report captures the lessons and challenges in increasing participation of Victorians (AU) in community sport and recreation in the Participation in Community Sport and Active Recreation (PICSAR) program which funded 61 Victorian projects from 2007 to 2011.


RESEARCH STUFF
Understanding and interpreting research evidence is an important part of practicing evidence-informed public health. You need to understand some basic concepts. That’s why the National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools has developed a series of short videos to explain some important terms that you are likely to encounter when looking at research evidence.
  • How to Calculate an Odds Ratio
  • Understanding a Confidence Interval
  • Forest Plots: Understanding a Meta-Analysis in 5 Minutes or Less
  • The Importance of Clinical Significance
URBAN DESIGN
Looks at 17 studies that compare 2 different scenarios. One scenario includes buildings located closer to each other; more walkable neighborhoods; streets with better connections among destinations; a greater mix of home types; and more transportation options. We call this scenario “smart growth development.” The other scenario often includes siting buildings farther away from each other; designing neighborhoods primarily for driving; creating a less-connected street system with longer distances between destinations; and providing fewer public transportation options. We call this scenario “conventional suburban development.”

It has been hypothesized that overbuilding of parking results in increased auto ownership and
vehicle miles traveled, unnecessary congestion of the motor vehicle network, and increased housing costs.

These participation tools provide a broad range of strategies to collect information about community values, aspirations and needs, which can then be incorporated into community plans that meaningfully reflect the community’s vision for its future. This guidebook introduces the tools through summary descriptions, examples of how they are being used, and resources for how to access them.

A Position Statement from the Planning Institute of Australia (PIA) to manage urban growth, secure infrastructure investment, determine appropriate settlement patterns for cities and towns and generate economic development.

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