Friday

May 17, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note:Where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.
The Round Up will return May 30th.


ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Health & Place available online 7 May 2013 In Press, Accepted Manuscript
Highlights:
·         The 30 minutes of physical activity can be achieved by walking to and from transit.
·         Daily walking distance varied by individual characteristics and mode of transit.
·         Daily walking distance to public transit was influenced by mode of transportation.
·         Suburban train users walked the highest number of minutes to and from stations.
·         Neighbourhood physical characteristics did not affect walking to public transit.

Produced by the League of American Bicyclists.  Could be something fun to do over any timeframe this spring/summer.

The “Make Walking Safe” campaign was launched as part of the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020, and includes video, posters, an advocacy document, and other resources.

This 132 page resource describes: the magnitude of pedestrian deaths and injuries; key risk factors; ways of assessing the pedestrian safety situation in a given setting and prepare an action plan; and how to select, design, implement and evaluate effective interventions. The manual stresses the importance of a comprehensive, holistic approach that includes engineering, legislation and enforcement as well as behavioural measures. It also draws attention to the benefits of walking, which should be promoted as an important mode of transport given its potential to improve health and preserve the environment.

Read this article on how we can tackle the problem of rising obesity and physical inactivity through sustainable transport.

CHILDREN
Also includes links to checklists for other age groups.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise., Post acceptance, 8 April 2013
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318295a9fc
As a low competency of FMS reduces children’s participation in sport and physical activity, this study paid attention to the need to increase FMS amongst school-aged children to ensure they have the ability to be physically active.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Presents six descriptive narratives of specific examples of organizations across Canada, which illustrates the successful use of evaluation findings to inform programs and practices in chronic disease prevention and health promotion.

A webinar with CHNET Works highlighting stories from the Casebook took place on March 7th, 2013.  It was recorded as is available through Presentation Downloads.

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehab Available online 10 May 2013
Among those with mild to moderate disability from MS, there is sufficient evidence that exercise training is effective for improving both aerobic capacity and muscular strength. Exercise may improve mobility, fatigue, and health related quality of life.

PCD recently released 8 articles focusing on multiple chronic conditions (MCC).

HEALTHY EATING

 A study of 300 men and women ages 18-30. “The group was randomly assigned to a menu without calorie labels, a menu with calorie labels, or a menu with labels for the minutes of brisk walking needed to burn the food calories….. The menu displaying the minutes of brisk walking needed to burn food calories led to fewer calories ordered and eaten compared with the menu without calorie labels. A menu with calorie counts did not change eating behaviors.

MISCELLANEOUS
Need a faster, more efficient way to find high quality research evidence?
Search Pyramids are designed for public health professionals who need to find research evidence to support their program and policy decisions.

This is a simple self-administered tool that:
1.      Assesses readiness for policy change using a simple, self-administered checklist
2.      Provides targeted, evidence-based policy change strategies for taking action (based on level of readiness)
3.      Recommends general evidence-based resources to foster healthy public policy

OLDER ADULTS
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: Post acceptance, 22 February 2013
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182897e87
This study is one of the first to examine continued exposure to high sitting time and mortality in older adults. Despite some methodological limitations, findings from this study are important---prolonged sitting kills. While it might never be too late to reduce sitting, even at an older age, further studies are needed to confirm that reductions in sedentariness in older adults leads to lower mortality.

Prev Chronic Dis 2013;10:120244
Safe and well-designed community environments support healthful behaviors that help prevent chronic conditions and unintentional injuries and enable older adults to be active and engaged in community life for as long as possible.

The Lancet Available online 2 May 2013In Press, Corrected Proof
This moderately intense exercise program did not reduce depressive symptoms in residents of care homes. In this frail population, alternative strategies to manage psychological symptoms are required.

Journal of Physiotherapy Vol 59, Iss 2, June 2013, Pages 125
This study has the potential to demonstrate that physical activity interventions can be delivered simultaneously to older carers and care recipients to improve mental and physical outcomes.

ALCOA National Director, Patty Clark, discusses the steps necessary to make active lifestyle changes on Roger's "Aging in Peel" program.

At ages 50-72 years, 68 women who were postmenopausal and diagnosed with osteoporosis were randomly assigned to an exercise group or a control group… After six months, the exercising group significantly improved in muscular strength and balance. The control group declined in strength and balance.

Journal of Physiotherapy Vol 59, Iss 2, June 2013, Pages 81–92
Adherence was measured as the mean proportion of sessions attended, including participants who discontinued the intervention. Falls prevention efficacy was measured as the proportion of fallers in the intervention versus the control group at follow-up. Various program-related factors, including intervention duration, session frequency, and components of the exercise regimen were examined for each of the studies.


PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
CFLRI Research File 05/13. This Research File explores the relationship between gas prices and physical activity; this is explored using periods of marked and unexpected increases in gasoline prices. A positive relationship between gasoline prices and physical activity is observed; increased physical activity having many health benefits, reduction in obesity being one of them.

CFLRI Lifestyle Tips 05/13. There’s some thought-provoking research that puts forward the notion that when we rely less on modern conveniences, we increase physical activity in our daily lives. Researchers who wanted to gauge whether a gasoline tax could potentially be a part of effective policy strategies to reduce obesity rates looked at whether or not higher gasoline prices have any impact on physical activity levels.

Carl believes that we can fix almost any societal problem by slowing down, and that many of our issues, ranging from health to business to parenting, stem from our addiction to speed and the desire for quick results…..

About 20 percent of U.S. adults are meeting both the aerobic and muscle strengthening components of the federal government's physical activity recommendations, according to a report published in today's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, a journal of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


RESEARCH STUFF
Understanding and interpreting research evidence is an important part of practicing evidence-informed public health. You need to understand some basic concepts. That’s why the National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools has developed a series of short videos to explain some important terms that you are likely to encounter when looking at research evidence.
  • How to Calculate an Odds Ratio
  • Understanding a Confidence Interval
  • Forest Plots: Understanding a Meta-Analysis in 5 Minutes or Less
  • The Importance of Clinical Significance
URBAN DESIGN
This Australian document includes recommendations for health planners and strategic planners to consider as they develop Municipal Public Health and Wellbeing Plans and Municipal Strategic Statements.

The old paradigm evaluated transport system performance based primarily on the speed, convenience and affordability of motor vehicle travel, and so favored automobile-oriented improvements. The new paradigm is more comprehensive and multi-modal. It considers a broader range of modes, objectives, impacts and transport system improvement options.


WORKPLACE
Lots of great information/ideas in here to get to motivated to ride your bike to work this spring/summer - including overcoming bike commuting concerns.

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