Friday

April 12, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living


Note: where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights. 

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
This new UK briefing document from Walking for Health is designed to make the case for walking schemes and highlight the health benefits they can provide, especially to the least active
 
CHILDREN
As one of the large industry partners for First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move! Active Schools initiative, Nike has pledged $50 million dollars to help get the effort off the ground.

Parachute Canada – Traffic Safety PSA’s

Low participation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, prolonged sitting, and other sedentary behaviours negatively influence human health. Interrupting prolonged periods of inactivity with short bouts of physical activity of 10 minutes or more is one way of meeting daily physical activity recommendations. The aim was to identify publications of organization-based interventions (e.g., school-based, workplace-based or faith-based) which incorporated short, structured physical activity breaks which lasted 20 minutes or less.
 
CHRONIC DISEASE
This strategy is being launched to coincide with The Lancet publication showing the UK’s relatively poor mortality rates and the Department of Health’s call to action to the health and care system to improve mortality rates across the board. (physical activity is mentioned 15 times)

CONFERENCES
… will be held in Qu├ębec City, Canada on 9-11 September 2013. The Conference welcomes participants with an interest in population ageing, including policy makers, practitioners from the health social and community service sectors, urban planning and academia.

Calgary 27 – 30 October 3013
Sustainable mobility requires an integrated suite of safe, convenient and accessible travel options, a compact and mixed-use built environment, and a supportive framework of policies and programs. It improves transportation choice, balances supply and demand, limits environmental impacts, creates economic opportunities, and fosters partnerships among government, business and the public.

DISABILITY/ACCESSIBILITY
Adapted PA Quarterly  Volume 30, Issue 2, April pgs 127-146
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of an after school physical activity intervention on adolescents with visual impairments within the context of Social Cognitive Theory.

HEALTH GENERAL
The survey looks at a number of key health behaviours including nutrition, physical activity, smoking, alcohol, drug use and sexual health. It investigates the patterns of these behaviours across different stages of life including adults, pregnant women and mothers of children under 2, young people aged 11-17 and older people aged 55+.

HEALTHY EATING
Prev Chronic Dis 2013;10:120123.
We found no strong evidence that food outlets near homes are associated with dietary intake or BMI. We replicated some associations reported previously but only for areas that are larger than what typically is considered a neighborhood. A likely reason for the null finding is that shopping patterns are weakly related, if at all, to neighborhoods in the United States because of access to motorized transportation.

OLDER ADULTS
Canada's senior population is growing. This makes it more important than ever to support the health and well-being of older Canadians. This way, seniors can lead healthy and active lives and stay involved in their communities. Making communities "age-friendly" is believed to be one of the best ways to do this

…. developed to assist communities to start up, implement and evaluate their age-friendly initiative.
The guide and toolbox were developed by the Nova Scotia Centre on Aging, Mount Saint Vincent University and the Public Health Agency of Canada.

The notion of successful aging is an attractive one. It speaks to quality of life while aging. Successful agers are people who are more satisfied with life.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
BMJ Open 2013;3:
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002058
There is a paucity of evidence to support the notion that hosting an Olympic games leads to an increased participation in physical or sporting activities for host countries. We also found little evidence to suggest other health benefits.

Prev Chronic Dis 2013;10:120276
Our findings are consistent with literature showing that boys are more active than girls overall and that no significant variations exist in youth by race/ethnicity (7). Among adults, we found no disparity by sex in MVPA levels overall, but, like other researchers, we found that whites were more likely to be engaged in park MVPA than minorities (8). Our findings suggest that differences in the way users engage in MVPA at parks may be attributable to areas in the park environment, and they have implications for how the design of park settings may help to reinforce or, preferably, mitigate disparities in MVPA among female and minority populations.

The purpose of this (UK) document is to provide physical activity and health professionals, commissioners and policy makers with the key facts to help build an economic argument for the need to decrease levels of physical inactivity within the population. It provides the latest health costs of inactivity, including the economic cost of inactivity

This (UK) document explains the health and social benefits of physical activity. It summarizes evidence that can be used to convince commissioners, policy makers, partners and funding bodies to support physical activity programs. The document offers a one stop shop for research that supports the use of physical activity

Study Highlights: Physically active healthcare providers are significantly more likely to advise their patients to be active and improving physical activity among healthcare providers could help change behaviors among the general population.

The main physical activity statistics in this report are taken from the most recent Health Survey for England (2008). Other sources of physical activity information include the latest Taking Part Survey (2012), National Travel Survey (2011), Active People Survey (2012), PE and Sport Survey (2010) and other health and fitness surveys.

URBAN DESIGN
From Smart Growth America…. examines all the Complete Streets policies passed in the last year and highlights some of the best. The analysis also revealed that the Complete Streets movement grew in 2012, continuing a national trend since 2005

This article is based on the findings of a study tour conducted late in the summer of 2012. It discusses a number of innovations in community planning and development in Germany and Scandinavia, identifies some of the underlying principles for the success of these innovations, and shows that communities can be planned, designed, developed and managed so that they can be made increasingly more livable.

Sidewalks are our neighborhood's breadwinner, bringing vitality, safety, and economy….The sidewalk is often overlooked. Before they were installed in cities, they were simply the areas not defined by ruts in the road.

How does a neighbourhood that is intersected by a number of arterial roads tie itself together to create a livable, walkable community? Are arterials just a necessary evil that have to be tolerated, as is, or are there adaptations that can allow for real communities to flourish along them?
  
WORKPLACE
While employers generally had a holistic view of health, their understanding of workplace health promotion was limited, with few mentioning the importance of a health promoting work environment or the role of workplace policies in promoting health.

Modern life is unrelentingly busy and studies of Canadian social trends show that the time crunch is, in fact, getting worse. More of us are spending increasingly longer hours on the job, and more time commuting to and from work. If adults are spending more time at work, then one logical solution to the inactivity crisis is to fit short bouts of physical activity into our daily workplace routine. But can that really work?

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