Friday

March 22, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
This report synthesizes academic behaviour change literature with the practical application of cycling programs to present an adaptable, evidence-based guide to the development of a “toolkit” to accelerate the adoption of cycling for transportation.

CHRONIC DISEASE
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume 44, Issue 4, Supplement 4, Pages A1-A4, S297-S400 (April 2013)
This supplement includes articles related to prevention and the role of physical activity.

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport published online 25 February 2013
Due to the high prevalence and incidence of co-morbidities in CKD patients, exercise training programs should be prescribed and delivered by individuals with appropriate qualifications and experience to recognize and accommodate co-morbidities and associated complications.

HEALTH GENERAL
Canadians understand the connection between their lifestyles and their health, an Ekos survey for the Conference Board of Canada's Canadian Alliance for Sustainable Health Care has found. Although Canadians understand the importance of lifestyles, the Conference Board points out that only a fraction of the 6.2 per cent of government health expenditures on public health goes to health promotion.

OLDER ADULTS
Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Online 14 March 2013
Exercise could probably be tailored to increase cardiovascular health or to prevent bone loss. It is of great importance for healthcare providers to recommend slowly increased frequency, duration and intensity and to help find activities that suit the individual in order to increase compliance….. Overall, dietary and exercise modifications seem to be strong promoters of healthy ageing.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Physical inactivity is one of the leading risk factors for death and disability in the UK. New statistics released by the South West Public Health Observatory and charity Sustrans show that lack of physical activity could cause as many as 36,815 premature deaths in England each year.
This data is part of the new Health Impact of Physical Inactivity (HIPI) tool. This web-based tool estimates how many excess deaths and cases of certain diseases could be prevented in each local authority in England, if the population (aged 40-79) were to engage in recommended amounts of physical activity.

Physical Activity Research Group (University College London)
In response to growing interest in the field of physical activity epidemiology at UCL, the Physical Activity Research Group (PARG) was established in December 2010 in the Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, and is now part of the Population Health Domain. The key aim of PARG is to act as a platform to promote multi-disciplinary collaborations and enhance the presence of UCL in several strategic areas.

URBAN DESIGN
This manual focuses on all users and all modes, seeking to achieve balanced street design that accommodates cars while ensuring that pedestrians, cyclists and transit users can travel safely and comfortably. This manual also incorporates features to make streets lively, beautiful, economically vibrant as well as environmentally sustainable.

Great public places are the heart of any vibrant and people-oriented city. Parks, markets, public squares and lively streets are popular spots for neighbours to socialize, relax, play and engage with their community. People Make Places is 8-80 Cities’ unique place-making process. It is designed to revitalize underperforming public spaces, by creating inviting community destinations, through authentic community participation.
 
Featuring nine ways to create streets that are community assets, this project guides planners, engineers, advocates, elected officials, and community members to rethink what streets would look like if they accommodated people of all ages and abilities, promoted health, business, and the environment. In addition to strategies to improve mobility and access for people of all ages, abilities, and modes of travel, the guide includes best practices and case studies to support commerce, wayfinding, and green infrastructure

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 44, Issue 4, April 2013, Pages e41-e47
This project aimed to develop and evaluate the utility of a computerized, tablet-based participatory tool designed to engage older residents in identifying neighborhood elements that affect active living opportunities….. Elements identified as affecting active living were commensurate with the existing literature (e.g., sidewalk features, aesthetics, parks/playgrounds, crosswalks). However, within each housing site, the profile of environmental elements identified was distinct, reflecting the importance of granular-level information collected by the tool.

WORKPLACE
American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 44, Issue 4, April 2013, Pages 406-415
A systematic literature search was conducted identifying RCTs, published before June 2012, evaluating the effect of a WHPP aimed at smoking cessation, physical activity, healthy nutrition, and/or obesity on self-perceived health, work absence due to sickness, work productivity, or work ability… The effectiveness of a WHPP is partly determined by intervention characteristics and statistical analysis. High-quality RCTs reported lower effect sizes.

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