March 11, 2013

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage:  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.
This focus page contains resources for bicycle and pedestrian planning, and other non-motorized transportation modes, including guidelines and design standards, case studies and ideas for integrated planning, funding strategies, and other helpful tools.

The proposed rights-of-way guidelines, which cover access to sidewalks, streets, and other pedestrian facilities, provide requirements for pedestrian access routes, including specifications for route width, grade, cross slope, surfaces, and other features.

This research brief describes types of technologies for counting bicyclists and pedestrians and the benefits and challenges associated with different approaches. It also explains how counting data can be used to inform transportation planning, presents trends in levels of bicycle and pedestrian activity, and illustrates one goal of non-motorized traffic monitoring, namely, estimating bicycle and pedestrian traffic on streets in cities and towns.

If you choose not to complete the declaration just scroll to the bottom of the page to visit the main website. A unique collaboration of organizations working at the intersection of transportation, public health and community vitality to promote greater investment in creating safe trail, walking and bicycling networks for all, and facilitating greater physical activity through active transportation.

A Comprehensive Look at Crash Data From 2000-2010 and Recommendations for Improved Bicyclist Safety.' Forty-one percent of crashes occur at intersections and another 40 percent occur within 50 feet of intersections. There is a clear correlation between the number of bicyclists and the crash rate. As the number of bicyclists has increased over the past decade, the crash rate has decreased. On streets and corridors with higher volumes of bicycle traffic, the crash rate tends to be lower than on streets with lower volumes of bicycle traffic.

The new Walkonomics app -- currently available only for Manhattan, San Francisco and the United Kingdom -- uses open source data to rank streets on a scale of one to five. Whereas Walk Score bases its rankings largely on the accessibility of nearby amenities, Walkonomics looks at sidewalk-level measurements such as street widths, traffic levels, 311 cleanliness reports, crime statistics, and pedestrian injuries.

Scroll down for pdf’s of the presentations. 

At the risk of oversimplification, Active for Life has produced a short list of nine simple physical tests and questions to assess the state of your child’s physical literacy. These questions describe a few of the simple abilities and attitudes that are commonly associated with physical literacy in early school age children.

A report that details the results of a public opinion survey of Canadians and parents on issues of physical education, health education, and physical activity. The findings paint a picture of broad-based support for greater investment in physical and health education.

From OPHEA – this resource is a three part illustrated video series that will teach children and youth about the importance of physical and health literacy in a fun and engaging way.

This document will help you to understand what the guidelines are, what types and amounts of physical activity children and young people should do and why this is important. It will help you to shape your programs and assist in motivating even the least active people to meet the physical activity guidelines.

Health & Place Volume 20, March 2013, Pages 62–65
We find that land uses such as buildings and roads and pavements were generally used for light activity, whilst green environments such as gardens, parks, grassland and farmland appear supportive of vigorous activity. Built land uses such as hard surface play areas were particularly used for activity of short duration.

18 March 2013 to 19 March 2013
An international conference hosted in London
The event will bring together architects, planners, designers, developers, and public health professionals to explore how building design and policy decisions can make communities healthier….

June 20th – 21st Toronto
A conference that will examine the impact of five intersecting themes that are shaping the future of design in our cities.

This Toolbox gives you free access to a wide variety of resources, tools, and tips on promoting healthy eating through your organization’s networks and communities.

A guide for children, youth and adults to track their food intake to ensure they’re meeting the recommendations in Canada’s Food Guide

Successfully advocating for and enacting policy change for increasing population levels of physical activity may come as the result of linking physical activity to other relevant policy initiatives…...  Read about New Hampshire's 2013-2018 Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP) and how it sits within the broader US National Physical Plan.

Preventive Medicine online 27 February 2013 In Press
We report a systematic review of educational interventions for childhood obesity ► Educational interventions to treat childhood obesity reduced BMI and waist circumference ► Educational interventions to treat childhood obesity reduced diastolic blood pressure ► Educational interventions to prevent obesity in school children did not improve outcomes

Completely re-envisioned, the new ICAA site is extremely easy to use. It's also filled with more of the information you've come to expect from us. Featuring 300 videos; 1,500 research studies; 1,200 articles; 80 handouts; 12 PowerPoint presentations, plus much, much more…

British Journal of Sports Medicine Published Online First 2013
This is a good quality study to contribute to the sedentary behaviour evidence base in an under studied age group. Investigating the effects in older men would be an avenue for future research. More practically, this study highlights the need for ;health programs for older women to aim to  reduce sitting, with particular consideration for chronic health conditions.

$250,000 annual investment into active living programs will boost physical activity levels among Yukoners of all ages and help combat rising rates of childhood obesity, Community Services Minister Elaine Taylor announced.

The Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research (C-PAN) undertook a project for the Medibank Community Fund, to identify effective and successful strategies for recruitment and retention of participants in community-based health promotion programs. Lots of info about children, and active transport and environmental influences.

The Rural and Small Community Planning focus area page is a one-stop shop for resources about transportation planning in rural and small communities on the TPCB website. It includes links to publications, legislation and guidance, recent peer events, upcoming calendar events, and related websites. Includes reports like: “Forging Transit-Bicycle-Pedestrian Partnerships for
Livable, Sustainable Communities”.

Read the latest facts around sedentary behaviour in this Research Digest from the President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition, including MET values for different types of activities and daily time allocations of sedentary people.

This report describes a methodology for measuring pedestrian and bicyclist exposure based on counts of pedestrian and bicyclist volumes as well as the distances that pedestrians and bicyclists travel on facilities shared with motor vehicles.

Although walking has many benefits, in regard to both transportation and health, it is oddly neglected in most planning exercises. One reason for this neglect is that appropriate data collection and analysis are prohibitively expensive. This research demonstrates how Walk Score data can be used to estimate walk mode share and can be applied in planning practice for the site-development process and for general planning.

The purpose of this white paper is to identify an integrated and flexible approach to how metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) and their partners can successfully consider aspects of health during the transportation planning process.

International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics Online 1 March 2013 In Press
Few women achieved the minimum recommendations for exercise before or during pregnancy. Nevertheless, adoption of healthy lifestyle choices during pregnancy seemed to promote other healthy habits, such as participation in LTPA.

Polish Annals of Medicine online 27 February 2013 In Press
The aim of this study was to investigate the selected forms of physical activity undertaken during pregnancy and to compare the level of physical activity before pregnancy and during its duration…. Physical activity during pregnancy is very popular among women in the Lublin area. According to studies by various authors physical activity carries many benefits for both mother and baby, so pregnant women should be encouraged to perform physical exercises if there are no contraindications.

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2013 10(1), 210-218
Large colourful stair-riser as well as floor stickers bearing the motivational messages (“I Want to climb the stairs for fitness” and “I’ve burnt 5x more calories using the stairs!”) were put up in two centrally-located, underground air-conditioned train stations. Each of these stations had a 30-step staircase located adjacent to an escalator. On comparing the incidence in stair-climbing between stations that had PODPs and those without, overall the PODP’s increased the likelihood of stair climbing by 48.5%.  

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