The Alberta Centre for Active Living regularly receives physical activity information from various sources, including listservs, websites, personal contacts, and e-mails.
These resources are useful for people who need evidence-based physical activity information for their work.
The information listed has been cut and pasted from its original source and is provided as information only.
Note: where possible, we provide the DOI link to research
papers in the Info Round-Up.To use it,
cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/. Access to research articles will be dependent
on your institutional rights.
A new study out of Washington
University in St. Louis is one of the first to use technology to effectively
measure the use of built environments -- parks, greenways, trails and other
man-made public areas -- as a means to improve public health.
Published by the Transportation
Association of Canada - this resource identifies challenges that impede
progress toward objectives for greater active transportation activity, safety
and enjoyment, and principles to guide practitioners and their communities in
responding to these diverse challenges.
"Citing the six cycling
fatalities and thousands of injuries that have occurred in Toronto in 2012
alone, Svoboda said that what we usually describe as accidents 'could also be
described as a failure by the City to protect its residents and to build a
healthy city.' He urged councilors to consider the preventative benefits of
cycling and active living in general.
"If you want to walk on the
campus of Worcester State University in Massachusetts, it's going to cost you.
Whether students at WSU drive or walk to class, each one of them is hit with an
annual $72 "parking/pedestrian access fee," the Worcester Telegram
& Gazette reports.
► The present study findings support some predicted
interactions posited by the ecological models. ► In low-income neighborhoods,
psychosocial factors moderate the association between walkability and
adolescents’ physical activity. ► Improving neighborhood walkability may
increase physical activity of adolescents that are most difficult to reach.
The British Heart Foundation (BHF) has just published a new
early years physical activity guide. This pack (of seven booklets) is designed
to help early years practitioners plan and organise physically active play
environments for children under five.
► Pedometer wear was associated with higher PA among
adolescent girls, but not boys. ► Findings may support sex-specific
intervention strategies. ► Pedometer monitoring alone may not be sufficient to
promote adolescent PA.
Given the small number of studies, moderate-to-high risk
of bias, and the heterogeneity of results, caution is warranted regarding the
strength of available evidence. However, this review indicates that
interventions can increase the proportion of time students spend in MVPA during
PE lessons. As most children and adolescents participate in PE, these
interventions could lead to substantial public health benefits.
In this report, 8-80 Cities in partnership with
International Valley Health Institute focus on the opportunity of using public
access to schoolyards as an inexpensive way of improving community health.
This new report from the Local Government Information
Unit (LGiU) suggests a bottom up approach is required from local authorities to
address public health issues…. The report makes five recommendations to local
government on how to face the increase in demand for public health at a
financially challenging time…. The authors of this report hope it will help
stimulate debate about what effective local government leadership of public
health looks like.
We aimed to estimate… the association of compliance with the
guidelines of the French Nutrition and Health Program (PNNS) assessed at
inclusion and change in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) over 12 years. A
secondary objective was to identify the relative contribution of diet and
physical activity to long-term change in HRQoL.
Conclusions: Following physical activity guidelines may
be associated with better concomitant HRQoL and following dietary guidelines
with better future physical HRQoL.
The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry online 6 Feb
In a nursing home setting the objective of this study was to
examine the effects of cognitive stimulation (mahjong) and physical exercise
(tai chi [TC]) on cognitive performance in persons with dementia.
The fall prevention multimedia package includes a video as
well as written resources aimed at engaging seniors, their doctors and other
primary care clinicians. The video highlights some of the ways to reduce fall
risks, common health conditions related to falls and practical assessment
tools. The resources offer safe and easy-to-follow exercises, recommendations
for good sleep habits and ways to make a senior’s home safer to reduce falls.
The Heart and Stroke Foundation’s 2013 Report on the Health
of Canadians (PDF) titled Reality Check warns that without immediate action,
baby boomers may spend their last years in sickness, disability and immobility.
There are lots of resources on this webpage!CDC’s Injury Center created the STEADI Tool
Kit for health care providers who see older adults in their practice who are at
risk of falling or who may have fallen in the past. The STEADI Tool Kit gives
health care providers the information and tools they need to assess and address
their older patients’ fall risk.
Browse abstracts from the 4th International Congress of
Physical Activity and Public Health (ICPAPH), be active 2012, now available in
an online supplement of the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (JSAMS).
Includes videos on physical inactivity and motivating
people to adopt a healthier lifestyle.
This set of videos (from PHAC) provides concrete suggestions
on how primary care providers can support behaviour change among their
patients. They include an overview of motivational interviewing and offer
specific guidance using scenarios on how to promote healthy behaviours through
the 5 As (Assess, Advise, Agree, Assist, Arrange) and the 5 Rs (Relevance,
Risks, Rewards, Roadblocks, Repetition).
This paper reviews research into the relationships
between attributes of outdoor environments and levels of activity and exercise
in populations using those environments. It takes an environmental designer’s
view of relevant and effective research and research approaches that can
provide evidence for policy and practice.
► Physical activity from a prospective behavioural
intervention was explored. ► We calculated Walk Score® and neighbourhood
walkability for each participant. ► Interactions between intervention and
neighbourhood characteristics were examined. ► Participants in the intervention
group reported significantly more physical activity.
We examine key urban planning features and policies that
shape urban environments, that may compromise physical activity as part of
everyday life, including walking and bicycling. We review the empirical
research to identify planning and design strategies that support physical
activity in other high-density cities in developing and developed countries.
Finally, we identify successful strategies to increase physical activity in another
growing, high-density (cities).
Walking is the most fundamental, accessible, and
inexpensive form of mobility, so why is it so neglected from urban transport
policies? ….Walkability is a key determinant of sustainability and liveability
in our cities, and this report outlines key recommendations on how governments
can achieve walkable cities.
The needs of our communities evolve over time, and our
street design should, too. That’s the idea behind ‘rightsizing streets’ –
reconfiguring the layout of our streets to better serve the people who use
them, whether they’re commuters driving, shoppers walking, or children
► Being white and healthy were associated with greater
energy expended on walking. ► A high school or greater level of education was
associated with greater energy expended on walking. ► Women who engaged in more
non-walking METS of physical activity also expended more METS walking. ►
Neighborhood walkability was not associated with walking in a sample of
► Walking or cycling for transport could contribute to
population health improvement. ► We explore why commuters incorporate walking
and cycling into car journeys. ► Supportive environments and lack of workplace
car parking were important contributors.