Friday

February 8, 2013

By: Rosanne Prinsen, MSC
Resource Coordinator

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.
  
ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
American J of Preventive Medicine Vol 44, Iss 1, Jan 2013, Pages 96–97
A new study out of Washington University in St. Louis is one of the first to use technology to effectively measure the use of built environments -- parks, greenways, trails and other man-made public areas -- as a means to improve public health.

Published by the Transportation Association of Canada - this resource identifies challenges that impede progress toward objectives for greater active transportation activity, safety and enjoyment, and principles to guide practitioners and their communities in responding to these diverse challenges.

"Citing the six cycling fatalities and thousands of injuries that have occurred in Toronto in 2012 alone, Svoboda said that what we usually describe as accidents 'could also be described as a failure by the City to protect its residents and to build a healthy city.' He urged councilors to consider the preventative benefits of cycling and active living in general.

Journal of the Transportation Research Board Volume 2314 / 26 Dec 2012
This issue consists of 16 research papers.

"If you want to walk on the campus of Worcester State University in Massachusetts, it's going to cost you. Whether students at WSU drive or walk to class, each one of them is hit with an annual $72 "parking/pedestrian access fee," the Worcester Telegram & Gazette reports.

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Vol 16, Iss 1, Jan 2013, Pages 28–35
The objective of this paper is to provide a user's guide for selecting an appropriate method to assess sedentary behaviours among children and adolescents

Social Science & Medicine Online 23 Jan 2013 In Press, Accepted Manuscript
► The present study findings support some predicted interactions posited by the ecological models. ► In low-income neighborhoods, psychosocial factors moderate the association between walkability and adolescents’ physical activity. ► Improving neighborhood walkability may increase physical activity of adolescents that are most difficult to reach.

The British Heart Foundation (BHF) has just published a new early years physical activity guide. This pack (of seven booklets) is designed to help early years practitioners plan and organise physically active play environments for children under five.

Preventive Medicine online 4 Feb 2013 Accepted Manuscript
► Pedometer wear was associated with higher PA among adolescent girls, but not boys. ► Findings may support sex-specific intervention strategies. ► Pedometer monitoring alone may not be sufficient to promote adolescent PA.

Preventive Medicine Vol 56, Iss 2, Feb 2013, Pages 152–161
Given the small number of studies, moderate-to-high risk of bias, and the heterogeneity of results, caution is warranted regarding the strength of available evidence. However, this review indicates that interventions can increase the proportion of time students spend in MVPA during PE lessons. As most children and adolescents participate in PE, these interventions could lead to substantial public health benefits. 
 
COMMUNITY
In this report, 8-80 Cities in partnership with International Valley Health Institute focus on the opportunity of using public access to schoolyards as an inexpensive way of improving community health.

HEALTH GENERAL
This new report from the Local Government Information Unit (LGiU) suggests a bottom up approach is required from local authorities to address public health issues…. The report makes five recommendations to local government on how to face the increase in demand for public health at a financially challenging time…. The authors of this report hope it will help stimulate debate about what effective local government leadership of public health looks like.

HEALTHY EATING
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Vol 113, Iss 2, Feb 2013, Pgs 228–240.e2
We aimed to estimate… the association of compliance with the guidelines of the French Nutrition and Health Program (PNNS) assessed at inclusion and change in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) over 12 years. A secondary objective was to identify the relative contribution of diet and physical activity to long-term change in HRQoL.

Conclusions: Following physical activity guidelines may be associated with better concomitant HRQoL and following dietary guidelines with better future physical HRQoL.

OLDER ADULTS
The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry online 6 Feb 2013
In a nursing home setting the objective of this study was to examine the effects of cognitive stimulation (mahjong) and physical exercise (tai chi [TC]) on cognitive performance in persons with dementia.

The fall prevention multimedia package includes a video as well as written resources aimed at engaging seniors, their doctors and other primary care clinicians. The video highlights some of the ways to reduce fall risks, common health conditions related to falls and practical assessment tools. The resources offer safe and easy-to-follow exercises, recommendations for good sleep habits and ways to make a senior’s home safer to reduce falls.

The Heart and Stroke Foundation’s 2013 Report on the Health of Canadians (PDF) titled Reality Check warns that without immediate action, baby boomers may spend their last years in sickness, disability and immobility.

A new report from the Alberta Centre for Injury Control and Research – document can be found on this webpage.

There are lots of resources on this webpage!  CDC’s Injury Center created the STEADI Tool Kit for health care providers who see older adults in their practice who are at risk of falling or who may have fallen in the past. The STEADI Tool Kit gives health care providers the information and tools they need to assess and address their older patients’ fall risk.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
NHS Scotland has produced a summary document of two projects they previously commissioned to help health professionals understand the key themes that motivate people to become more active.

Volume 15, Supplement 1, Pages S1-S374 (December 2012)
Browse abstracts from the 4th International Congress of Physical Activity and Public Health (ICPAPH), be active 2012, now available in an online supplement of the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (JSAMS).

Includes videos on physical inactivity and motivating people to adopt a healthier lifestyle.

This set of videos (from PHAC) provides concrete suggestions on how primary care providers can support behaviour change among their patients. They include an overview of motivational interviewing and offer specific guidance using scenarios on how to promote healthy behaviours through the 5 As (Assess, Advise, Agree, Assist, Arrange) and the 5 Rs (Relevance, Risks, Rewards, Roadblocks, Repetition).

RESEARCH STUFF
Statistics Canada data on Physical activity during leisure-time, moderately active or active and Physical activity during leisure-time, inactive.  To see just that data:
·         Click on the add/remove data tab
·         Under Step 4 deselect all and only check the two PA data sources
·         When done – click apply at the bottom

 URBAN DESIGN
Journal of Environmental Psychology online 6 Feb 2013 Accepted Manuscript
This paper reviews research into the relationships between attributes of outdoor environments and levels of activity and exercise in populations using those environments. It takes an environmental designer’s view of relevant and effective research and research approaches that can provide evidence for policy and practice.

Health & Place online 4 Feb 2013 Accepted Manuscript
► Physical activity from a prospective behavioural intervention was explored. ► We calculated Walk Score® and neighbourhood walkability for each participant. ► Interactions between intervention and neighbourhood characteristics were examined. ► Participants in the intervention group reported significantly more physical activity.

Health & Place online 24 January 2013
Note: Karen Lee is one of the authors
We examine key urban planning features and policies that shape urban environments, that may compromise physical activity as part of everyday life, including walking and bicycling. We review the empirical research to identify planning and design strategies that support physical activity in other high-density cities in developing and developed countries. Finally, we identify successful strategies to increase physical activity in another growing, high-density (cities).

Walking is the most fundamental, accessible, and inexpensive form of mobility, so why is it so neglected from urban transport policies? ….Walkability is a key determinant of sustainability and liveability in our cities, and this report outlines key recommendations on how governments can achieve walkable cities.

The needs of our communities evolve over time, and our street design should, too. That’s the idea behind ‘rightsizing streets’ – reconfiguring the layout of our streets to better serve the people who use them, whether they’re commuters driving, shoppers walking, or children bicycling.

WOMEN
Health & Place online 23 Jan 2013 In Press, Accepted Manuscript
► Being white and healthy were associated with greater energy expended on walking. ► A high school or greater level of education was associated with greater energy expended on walking. ► Women who engaged in more non-walking METS of physical activity also expended more METS walking. ► Neighborhood walkability was not associated with walking in a sample of postmenopausal women.

WORKPLACE
Preventive Medicine online 29 Jan 2013 In Press, Accepted Manuscript
► Walking or cycling for transport could contribute to population health improvement. ► We explore why commuters incorporate walking and cycling into car journeys. ► Supportive environments and lack of workplace car parking were important contributors.

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