Thursday

October 4, 2012

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

The Information Round-Up will return October 19th, 2012.   

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION 
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2012, 9:109 doi:10.1186/1479-5868-9-109
Twenty-six commuters participated. Participants were motivated by convenience, speed, cost and reliability when selecting modes of travel for commuting. Physical activity was not a primary motivation, but incidental increases in physical activity were described and valued in association with active commuting……Emphasizing and improving the relative convenience, cost, speed and reliability of active commuting may be a more promising approach to promoting its uptake than emphasizing the health benefits, at least around the time of relocation.

Environment International Vol 49, 15 Nov 2012, Pages 100–109
► We assess the health impacts of replacing car trips by bicycle or public transport. ► Replacement of the car trips reduces mortality in travellers who shift the mode. ► Replacement of the car trips also reduces mortality in residents of urban areas. ► Replacement of car trips can reduce the emissions of CO2.

The Compendium provides a rationale for designing streets that work for people by over viewing strategic and policy imperatives, summarizing learnings from successful national and international redesign cases….

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Sep 10. [Epub ahead of print]
New physical activity guidelines recommend that children aged 3 to 4 years should accumulate at least 180 min of physical activity at any intensity spread throughout the day, including progression toward at least 60 min of energetic play by 5 years of age. Step count targets corresponding to these recommendations will help practitioners and researchers monitor physical activity.

CHILDREN 
PHE Canada is excited to announce the launch of the Active Living Active School (ALAS) initiative.  ALAS is designed to assist after school program administrators in delivering high quality programs to participants. The ALAS initiative includes a How-to Guide and an equipment Activity Kit to help administrators in support of their programs.

A new campaign from ParticipACTION.

Research commissioned by NHS Health Scotland has been developed to explore what motivates people to be regularly physically active in order to identify how best to communicate the guidelines set out in Start Active, Stay Active, in ways that will resonate with the public.

This youth-led program, Fuel Up to Play 60, has wide reach across the United States, with a reported 11 million actively involved students.  It is a collaboration of the National Dairy Council, National Football League, and U.S. Department of Agriculture, and is focused on empowering youth to take control of their health and learn to make choices about eating healthy and being physically active.

Play Scotland has launched this Toolkit and supporting documents, which local authorities and communities can use to develop a local and strategic commitment to play. This will help to remove barriers and encourage and support children to play outdoors.

Federal Health Minister Leona Aglukkaq announced an investment today for a project to promote healthy living and healthy weights among Canadian children, youth and their families.  With this project, the Government is advancing public health by partnering with the private sector to achieve the common goal of healthier Canadians.

International Journal of Nursing Studies In Press, Corrected Proof
This paper shows that:
·         daily physical activity can be increased in male and female students who participate in culturally appropriate school-based interventions
·         school-based interventions can also increase daily physical education class attendance in male and female students.
·         school-based interventions can decrease body composition (e.g., body mass index z-scores) and this decrease can be sustained over a 1 year period for female students.

With the beginning of a new school year, the CDC’s Division of Community Health has launched a new campaign aimed at increasing youth physical activity using the slogan, “Burn to Learn”.  The campaign includes catchy infographics and quizzes about the effects of physical activity on academic performance.

The Young Foundation has published a new report looking at participation in sport and physical activity in England, focusing particularly on young people. The report looks at physical activity levels, the reasons why levels of participation are low and provides a four-point action plan to
get more people active.

the Youth Fitness Test, established in 1946, will be replaced by a new fitness program, the Presidential Youth Fitness Program. Instead of recognizing athletic performance, the new program assesses students’ health-related fitness and helps them progress over time. 

OLDER ADULTS 
In January 2011, the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP) in partnership with the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) launched new physical activity guidelines for adults over the age of 65. Recently, the Canadian Centre for Activity and Aging at Western created a video and brochure to help make the public aware of the new guidelines.

NAPA supports front line care staff to enable older people to live life the way they choose with meaning and purpose.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY 
The 2012 update of the F as in Fat report warns that if conditions continue as they are, adult obesity and related chronic diseases are poised to increase dramatically in the next 20 years, driving up health care costs significantly.

The purpose of the CDC/DNPAO Health Equity Resource Toolkit for State Practitioners Addressing Obesity Disparities is to increase the capacity of state health departments and their partners to work with and through communities to implement effective responses to obesity in populations that are facing health disparities.

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability In Press, Corrected Proof
► Urban environments influence well-being and health. ► Obesity can be reduced through better planning of urban environments. ► Healthy food choices and opportunities for physical activity are both important. ► the transferability of findings across countries or cultural contexts is unclear.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 
A number of short videos on health and fitness with commentary from members of the University of Alberta’s Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation.

A new Framework designed to increase physical activity has been released. The report is co-authored by the American College of Sports Medicine, Nike and the International Council of Sport Science and Physical Education, with engagement from a broad base of experts from around the world. Over 70 expert and multi-sector organizations helped to develop the Framework and validate the underlying research.

Research commissioned by NHS Health Scotland has been developed to explore what motivates people to be regularly physically active in order to identify how best to communicate the guidelines set out in Start Active, Stay Active, in ways that will resonate with the public.

Preventive Medicine Available online 4 August 2012  In Press, Corrected Proof
Find out about the successes of the NSW 6-month telephone-based coaching campaign Get Healthy.

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2012, 9:110
doi:10.1186/1479-5868-9-110
Building off data about the micro-environment’s effects on levels of physical activity, researchers used data from the World Health Survey to examine macro-environmental influences on physical activity, including gross domestic product, temperature, gender equality, and government functioning.  The analysis demonstrated that there is a wide range of levels of physical activity between countries, and the national level of physical activity appears to be influenced by many macro-environmental factors, including higher temperature and higher urbanization.

We are leading the way to a happier, healthier, greener, more active Scotland through our work and provision of advice, resources and support to others.

This new British Heart Foundation supplement is the first to focus solely on physical activity statistics. It provides statistics on the levels, types and reasons for physical activity in the UK.

Circulation.  2012; 126: 1514-1563
doi: 10.1161/CIR.0b013e318260a20b
In order to provide recommendations about population-level approaches to improve diet, physical activity, and smoking habits, researchers at the American Heart Association reviewed and graded current research about each health behavior.   The research reviewers also considered the roles of healthcare and surveillance systems in their research recommendations. The report includes the graded research, gaps that were discovered in the research, and the next steps that are needed to facilitate the necessary changes……

The resource builds on the Standard Evaluation Framework (SEF) for weight management interventions, published by NOO in 2009. It takes the principles described in the original SEF and applies them to physical activity interventions……. The framework identifies and explains the information that should be collected in any evaluation of an intervention that aims to increase participation in physical activity. 

URBAN DESIGN
This report seeks to identify the evidence base in respect of evaluating the importance of open and public space in supporting active living through a review of the academic and policy evidence…. The report addresses the academic literature under four main headings namely, types of open space, uses of space, location of spaces and design of space.

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