September 27, 2012

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage:  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights. 

Bicycle use is up 26 per cent over the last three years in Metro Vancouver while bus trips are up 17 per cent, according to figures released by TransLink. The figures, which were included in the 2013 Base Plan are good news, according to Vancouver Coun. Geoff Meggs, who notes car use  only increased by four per cent over the same period – far less that the population increase of six per cent.

Between 2008 and 2011, the Department for Transport, Cycling England and the Department of Health invested over £43M (approximately $68M CDN) to create the twelve Cycling City and Towns. The aim of the program was to explore whether and how increased investment in cycling, as part of a whole-town strategy, could lead to a significant and sustained increase in the number of cyclists and frequency of cycling. This report is an evaluation of the outcomes and impacts of the program

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 43, Iss 4, Oct 2012, Pages 369–377
Demonstrating that an intervention “works” is only the first step toward promoting enhanced health at the population level. For wide-scale implementation, teacher-level self-efficacy and ongoing technical support to train teachers were important. At the school level, policies and guidelines provided a necessary, supportive environment for implementation. 

Diabetes Care September 17, 2012
doi: 10.2337/dc12-0777
To assess whether neighbourhood walkability influences the likelihood of developing diabetes, Booth and her colleagues collected information from a health registry on nearly all adults living in Ontario, focusing on the 1.2 million who did not have diabetes.  For five years, from 2005 to 2010, they tracked how many people went on to develop diabetes. They also mapped out where the people lived, and categorized them according to the walkability of their community. 

Implementation Science 2012, 7:91
This review was undertaken in order to identify what factors serve as barriers and facilitators to the successful implementation of fall-prevention programs. The authors examined qualitative research undertaken between 1980 and 2012 and identified a number of issues that need to be considered to assure the success of such programs.

Some speaking/presentation notes from Grey Matters 2012, the Alberta seniors services conference held Sept. 13 and 14, are now available on the Edmonton Seniors Coordinating Council’s website. More notes will be added as they are provided.

“Our research shows a direct link between the type of personality a person has and a healthy lifestyle,”…... “The main policy response to the obesity epidemic has been the provision of better information, but information alone is insufficient to change people’s eating habits.... Understanding the psychological underpinning of a person’s eating patterns and exercise habits are central to understanding obesity.” 

The Welsh Health Survey has been running for eight years. During this time there has been a slight increase in levels of obesity and little change in physical activity.

This article collection is a cross-journal collaboration covering recent advances in sports medicine that have both broad interest and high clinical relevance to athletes, physicians, general practitioners, sports and exercise medicine specialists as well as sport nutritionists, and may also have wider implications. 

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 43, Iss 4, Oct 2012, Pages 378–384
Attractive community and natural features were associated with a lower BMI in this population of adult NYC residents. Street cleanliness and safety-hazard indicators were not linked to BMI as hypothesized. Several neighborhood characteristics were observed to interact with each other. Although investments in the built environment have the potential to reduce obesity and related health disparities, well-intentioned efforts may not have the anticipated health benefits if interactions across population subgroups and settings are not well understood.

WOW!! Which street would you rather walk along?  "Photographer David Yoon narrows existing streets of Los Angeles to see the effects on the city."

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