Friday

August 17, 2012

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc
Resource Coordinator, Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights. 
  
ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION 
A new CDC Vital Signs report that finds “Sixty-two percent of (US) adults say they walked for at least once for 10 minutes or more in the previous week in 2010, compared to 56 percent in 2005.”

Health & Place Vol 18, Iss 5, Sept 2012, Pages 1079–1087
Connectivity, destinations, population density, and sidewalk, pathway and bus stop availability contribute to walkability. ► Adjusting for neighborhood self-selection, neighborhood walkability was associated with neighborhood-based walking. ► Neighborhood-based transportation walking behavior during a usual week was higher in more vs. less walkable neighborhoods. ► Usual weekly minutes of neighborhood-based recreational walking was higher in more vs. less walkable neighborhoods. ► Creating neighborhood built environments that support physical activity has the potential to improve population health. 

CHILDREN 
J Med Internet Res July 2011 Vol. 13 No. 3
doi:10.2196/jmir.1533
Electronic databases Medline, PsycInfo, CINAHL, and Web of Science were searched to retrieve English language articles published in international academic peer-reviewed journals from January 1, 1997, through December 31, 2009. Included were articles that provided descriptions of interventions designed to improve PA-related cognitive, psychosocial, and behavioral outcomes and that used randomized controlled trial design, included only children (6-12 years old) and adolescents (13-18 years old) in both intervention and control groups, and employed Internet, email, and/or short message services (SMS, also known as text messaging) as one or more major or assistive modes to deliver the intervention.

J Med Internet Res March 2012 Vol. 14 No. 2
doi:10.2196/jmir.1889
The authors conclude: It is critical that members of the target audience be included in formative research to develop behavior change programs that are relevant, appealing, and address their needs and interests.
   
CHRONIC DISEASE 
Arch Intern Med. Published online August 06, 2012
doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2012.3130
Higher levels of PA were associated with lower mortality risk in individuals with diabetes. Even those undertaking moderate amounts of activity were at appreciably lower risk for early death compared with inactive persons. These findings provide empirical evidence supporting the widely shared view that persons with diabetes should engage in regular PA.
  
OLDER ADULTS 
The FallSafe falls prevention resources pack is now available.  It contains the learning from the FallSafeproject, care bundle information and templates, a falls prevention e-learning course and many other resources. The FallSafe project is about quality improvement. It focused on prevention and management of falls in clinical hospital wards in Southern England SHA.

Br J Sports Med 2010;44:80-9.
doi: 10.1136/bmj.e5528
The LiFE programme provides an alternative to traditional exercise to consider for fall prevention. Functional based exercise should be a focus for interventions to protect older, high risk people from falling and to improve and maintain functional capacity. 

Experimental Gerontology Available online 31 July 2012 In Press, Uncorrected Proof
In conclusion elderly who spend more time in physical activity or less time in sedentary behaviors exhibit improved functional fitness and other confounders. The results reinforce the importance of promoting both the reduction of sedentary behaviors and the increase of MVPA in this age group, as it may interfere at older ages in order to preserve functional fitness and performance of daily functioning tasks.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY 
Obesity has been linked to cancer, heart attacks and stroke. So, it's a naturally a concern when new maps show Louisiana is among the 12 states where at least 30 percent of adults are dangerously overweight. Ten of the most obese states are in the South. …Pennington researcher, Peter Katzmarzyk, Ph.D. said "Some people call it the stroke belt, the diabetes belt, the inactivity belt."

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 
This site is designed to provide the updated 2011 Compendium of Physical Activities and additional resources. The 2011 update identifies and updates MET codes that have published evidence to support the values. In addition, new codes have been added to reflect the growing body of knowledge and popular activities.

This booklet contains instructions on how to properly wear a pedometer, pedometer games and challenges, and weekly and monthly logs. These materials can be implemented into your intervention program to help keep participants motivated and as a way to keep track of their physical activity levels.

Health & Place Vol 18, Iss 5, Sept 2012, Pages 1034–1041
Past studies have suggested that a link between health outcomes and green space is due to increased levels of physical activity of individuals living in areas with more green space. We found a positive association between green space and physical activity levels…. These findings suggest that although there is a positive association between physical activity and green space it may not be explained by individuals using green space for recreation.

JPAH Volume 9, Supplement, January 2012
The information provided in this supplement is intended as a reference for navigating the considerations encountered when selecting an approach for self-report assessment or when deciding how to develop a new instrument.

The PARC-PH was developed in order to satisfy the need for a comprehensive center that can provide up to date physical activity assessment and intervention information as well as guidance to interested researchers and community members.

J Med Internet Res January 2012 Vol. 14 No. 1
doi:10.2196/jmir.1792
Overall engagement with the 10,000 Steps website was high, and the results demonstrate the relative effectiveness of interactive components to enhance website engagement. However, only exposure to the interactive individual challenge feature was positively associated with all website engagement indicators. More research is needed to examine the influence of intervention components on website engagement, as well as the relationship between website engagement and physical activity change. 

URBAN DESIGN 
Changing entrenched patterns of physical inactivity is an enormous, daunting task. Yet in the past decade, a collaborative effort by policymakers, educators and businesses, as well as advocacy groups such as RTC, has begun to turn the tide.

WOMEN
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies Available online 9 August 2012 In Press, Corrected Proof
The authors conclude that Pilates exercises may be a safe and an effective treatment alternative for the quality of life in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis. 

What stops women from getting exercise as they get older? And how do women get over these barriers? To better understand this, the Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport and Physical Activity (CAAWS) conducted cross-Canada focus groups with women age 55 to 70

WORKPLACE 
A new 2012 web-site and report.

No comments: