Friday

June 22, 2012

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

The Information Round-Up will return July 12th.

Note: where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/.  Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
Best Start Resource Centre Launches Aboriginal Sharing Circle Virtual Network
This online network will help support program staff, community workers, policy developers and others working with Aboriginal Peoples in the areas of preconception to early childhood, which includes the health of those planning a pregnancy, pregnant women, parents, babies and children.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Heart Foundation Walking Report 2011
The program is operational in all Australian States and Territories and continues to experience exceptional growth, with 18,161 participants and 1,176 walking groups currently active at the end of 2011. … The retention rate for participants continues to be exceptional, with over 93% after 3 months and over 61% after 3 years participation. The HFW program consistently demonstrates retention rates well above typical community based physical activity programs which have a 6 month retention rate of 50%.

This new report is aimed at community leaders and transportation professionals who are looking to make informed decisions about walking and bicycling facilities and monitoring the results of their decisions. It captures best practices in measurements and provides sample surveys and links to national datasets (.pdf).

A fun and cool bicycling app that maps your route and provides you real-time data...The free app is called MapMyRIDE+ and is one of a several similar programs created by MapMyFITNESS, Inc.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 42, Iss 6, June 2012, Pgs 610–615


This study seeks to identify factors that influence the uptake of cycling after residential relocation. Data from the RESIDential Environment Project (RESIDE), a longitudinal study of people moving into new Perth, Western Australian housing developments, was analyzed…After the residential relocation cycling behaviors significantly improved with 5% of non cyclists taking up cycling for transport and 7% taking up cycling for recreation.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 43, Iss 1, July 2012, Pgs 11–19
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2012.03.015
This study examines the prevalence of walking and distances and durations of walking trips for different purposes among U.S. residents…. Only a small fraction of respondents walk, but trips longer than 0.25 miles are common. There is substantial variability in the distance and duration of walking trips by purpose and population subgroups. These differences have implications for developing strategies to increase physical activity through walking.

CHILDREN
Action Through Collaboration: Strategic Action Plan To Improve the Wellbeing of Canadian Children and Youth
The Sandbox Project’s first white paper. Named for the Sandbox Project’s inaugural 2011 conference where more than 300 concerned stakeholders met to exchange ideas and best practices for achieving immediate and sustainable improvement in the health of Canada’s children and youth, the white paper outlines the scope of the organization and directs stakeholder efforts in its first year of operation.

Scand J Public Health May 2012 vol. 40 no. 3 245-252
doi: 10.1177/1403494812443606
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of a 12-week randomized controlled cycling-to-school trial on cardio respiratory fitness…. This study indicates that cycling to school improves cardio respiratory fitness.

Journal of Transport Geography Vol 20, Iss 1, Jan 2012, Pgs 71–79
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2011.07.008
Note: this article is from a Special Section on Child & Youth Mobility.  
Female students and students with cars are much less likely to bicycle to high school. ► A student’s comfort with and preference for bicycling are important influences. ► Parents influence bicycling through encouragement, providing rides, and providing cars. ► Perceived distance is more of a barrier to bicycling than actual distance.

An all volunteer non-profit organization who believes every child has the right to play. The organization acts as a catalyst to help build community spaces for children while acting as a catalyst to help build community capacity. Grants are available for communities. This is a great fit for communities who are working towards healthier and livable public spaces.

The Sandbox Project exists to act as a catalyst for positive change in the health and wellbeing of Canada’s children and youth. Working with parents, business leaders, health industry leaders, governments and non-governmental organizations, The Sandbox Project raises awareness, pursues and advocates for effective research and knowledge transfer, encourages collaboration among child and youth health stakeholders and informs the development of public policy to facilitate improvements in the health and wellbeing of Canada’s young people.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Association of Sitting Time and Physical Activity With CKD: A Cross-sectional Study in Family Practices
American Journal of Kidney Disease Available online 19 June 2012
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2012.04.024
This study suggests that higher levels of physical activity and lower levels of sitting time are associated with a lower prevalence of CKD independently of each other and other risk factors. However, results may vary by sex, with sitting time being the more important factor in women and physical activity the more important factor in men. These results have important implications for future research.

Diabetes & Metabolism Available online 19 June 2012 In Press, Corrected Proof
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabet.2012.04.005
This study demonstrated a dose–response association between sitting time, an energy-dense dietary pattern and the MetS, together with a graded inverse association between leisure-time PA and the MetS. In addition to the usual advice for PA and healthy eating, limiting the amount of time spent sitting should also be promoted through public-health initiatives.

CONFERENCES
The Power to Move Kids
Toronto May 19 – 22, 2014. Global summit on the physical activity of children. Bringing together leading researchers and practitioners to address the growing the childhood physical inactivity crisis

DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH
New Website--Health Equity Clicks: Community, National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health
You’ve been asking the National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health to help public health practitioners, researchers, and decision makers share what works to advance health equity. You will be asked to create an account. As soon as you join, you can start a conversation, a question, share a resource, and more. Should you have questions, please contact Pemma Muzumdar at pmuzumd@stfx.ca.

HEALTH GENERAL
Health Information by gender and age range
A great online resource that covers men and women (teens, 18-39, 40 – 60 and 60 plus).  Look in the left hand column for all of the different sections – scroll down a bit.

MENTAL HEALTH
Walking for depression or depressive symptoms: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Mental Health and Physical Activity Vol 5, Iss 1, June 2012, Pgs 66–75
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2012.03.002
Walking has a statistically significant, large effect on the symptoms of depression in some populations, but the current evidence base from randomised, controlled trials is limited. Thus, while walking is a promising treatment for depression or depressive symptoms with few, if any, contraindications, further investigations to establish the frequency, intensity, duration and type(s) of effective walking interventions particularly in primary care populations would be beneficial for providing further recommendations to clinical practitioners.

OLDER ADULTS
Balance confidence was associated with mobility and balance performance in older people with fall-related hip fracture: a cross-sectional study
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Available online 11 June 2012
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2012.05.022
In people who have had a fall-related hip fracture, an independent relationship exists between balance confidence and mobility and balance performance as well as perceived mobility function. Since lack of balance confidence may compromise rehabilitation and recovery, the ABC scale may help to identify older hip fracture patients with mobility and balance limitation.

This briefing, which focuses on prevention and early intervention, is intended to help the NHS (UK) and local government in the commissioning and provision of comprehensive integrated falls prevention services.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Evidence Update On Obesity Prevention Across the life-course
This Evidence Update, prepared by PANORG at the University of Sydney for NSW Ministry of Health, provides a summary of evidence on the prevention of overweight and obesity.

New stats from the Canadian Community Health Survey. In 2011, 18.3% of Canadians aged 18 and older, roughly 4.6 million adults, reported height and weight that classified them as obese, virtually unchanged from 2009. However, from 2003 to 2011, obesity among men rose from 16.0% to 19.8%, and among women, from 14.5% to 16.8% .

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Environmental and Policy Strategies to Increase Physical Activity Among Adults With Arthritis
Physical activity is an important but underused intervention for adults with arthritis. Studies have shown that physical activity has many benefits: decreased pain, improved quality of life, independence and physical functioning (aerobic capacity and muscle strength), and mood.

From the Team that brought you AusPAnet comes the Global Physical Activity Network (GlobalPANet) a world-first dedicated global physical activity communication network. Sign up for FREE today!

New stats from the Canadian Community Health Survey. In 2011, 53.8% of Canadians were at least ‘moderately active’ during their leisure time - energy expended at work, in transportation or doing housework is excluded.

This new BHFNC evidence briefing provides an overview of the evidence relating to sedentary behavior and public health. It defines sedentary behavior and summarizes the risks and current levels as well as the implications for policy and practice. It also reviews the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions to reduce sedentary behavior.

RESEARCH STUFF
A Guide to Evaluation in Health Research
Developed for researchers and reviewers who want to build their knowledge and skill in the area of evaluation of health and health research initiatives. The specific objectives of this CIHR online learning module are to: demonstrate the potential for evaluation to support evidence-informed action; support development of appropriate evaluation plans for research funding proposals, and; facilitate assessment of evaluation plans by peer and merit reviewers. View the complete Guide, which includes an evaluation checklist and other evaluation resources, on the CIHR website.

URBAN DESIGN
Built Environment and Health
A database on the National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health (NCCEH) website—bringing together practitioners, policy-makers, and researchers for evidence-based practice and policy….

A 15-minute video from Olmsted Public Health and the Rochester-Olmsted Planning Department discusses the concept of Complete Streets, why such an approach is needed, and the benefits of implementing it.

A new Brookings Institution study quantifies the value that walkability adds to commercial and residential real estate in a sample of Washington, D.C. region neighborhoods.

WOMEN
Physical activity and breast cancer risk
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness Available online 5 June 2012 In Press, Corrected Proof
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesf.2012.04.004
To achieve the greatest reduction in risk of breast cancer, regular participation in physical activity should begin in childhood and persist throughout the lifespan.

Midwifery Available online 21 June 2012 In Press, Corrected Proof
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2011.12.006
The association between physical activity and postpartum depressive symptoms may differ with the timing of assessment. Additional studies (i.e. with a larger sample of women or a sample of at-risk women) following women throughout pregnancy and postpartum are needed to explore differences in the influence of physical activity on depressive symptoms.

WORKPLACE
Headache prevalence and long working hours: The role of physical inactivity
Public Health Available online 20 June 2012 In Press, Corrected Proof
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2012.02.014
Among workers in the general population, long working hours were associated with the prevalence of headaches, and the association may depend on a lack of physical activity.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 43, Iss 1, July 2012, Pgs 27–33
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2012.02.029
An intensive 10-week team-based worksite exercise and nutrition program resulted in moderate weight loss and improvements in diet and exercise behaviors at 1 year, but an Internet-based maintenance program immediately following the 10-week program did not improve these outcomes.

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