Monday

May 7, 2012


By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre For Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Transportation (2012) 39:409–432
DOI 10.1007/s11116-011-9355-8
Our results are consistent with previous research on the importance of separate cycling facilities and provide additional information about the potentially different role of paths vs. lanes. Our analysis also revealed that cities with safer cycling, lower auto ownership, more students, less sprawl, and higher gasoline prices had more cycling to work. By comparison, annual precipitation, the number of cold and hot days, and public transport supply were not statistically significant predictors of bike commuting in large cities.

Public Roads (FHWA) March/April 2012 Vol. 75 · No. 5

CHILDREN
Journal of Pediatric Nursing Volume 27, Issue 3, June 2012, Pages e4
The purpose of this study was compare the effect of dance, with unstructured playtime, on the physical activity level of an underserved, urban population of children. Activity, via pedometer readings (PR), effect on heart rate (HR), and body mass index (BMI), were assessed.

Social Science & Medicine Available online 25 April 2012
► Family income is inversely related to BMI among European, urban children. ► Lower-income children reside near fewer open green spaces and engage in less physical activity. ► Childhood BMI inequalities are partially explained by access to green space and physical activity.

Mental Health and Physical Activity Available online 25 April 2012
► The study included two classes of grade four students. ► Four cognitive processes were measured with and without physical activity. ► Physical activity improved performance on the planning task. ► Planning ability is used for problem solving and behavior regulation

Health Promotion Journal of Australia 2012; 23: 10-15
In this one of a kind Australian study the Tooty Fruity Vegie (TVF) program focused exclusively on preschool children as research evidence supported findings that early childcare facilities are the most effective venue to reach young children and their parents. This study aimed to improve fundamental movement skills (FMS), increase fruit and vegetable intake and decrease unhealthy food options as methods to decrease overweight and obesity prevalence amongst preschool children.

Welcome to the online training course for using the WHO Growth charts. This course was developed by the CDC to train health care providers and others who measure and assess child growth on how to use the World Health Organization (WHO) growth standards to assess growth among infants and children ages birth to 2 years.

CHRONIC DISEASE
European Journal of Oncology Nursing Vol 16, Suppl 1, 26 April 2012, Pg S41

European Journal of Oncology Nursing Vol 16, Suppl 1, 26 April 2012, Pgs S41–S42

The Conversation website presents a commentary on Australia's role in the challenge of reducing chronic disease risk factors.

The Health Quality Council of Alberta recently released a report that explains major chronic diseases and highlights healthy choices that are known to modify the risk of developing these long-lasting conditions.

COMMUNITY
The key learnings that follow have been compiled on behalf of the ACE Communities Team by Project Director Brenda Herchmer. They are based on the team’s regular observations and reflections, ongoing interactions with community leaders, coaches and others (eg retreats,
reflective evaluation meetings, blogs, teleconferences), as well as the findings and previous reflective conversations covered in the separate Achievement Report

The Canadian Institute of Planners is an active partner in the Healthy Canada by Design CLASP initiative, which is led by the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada and largely funded by Health Canada via the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer.  The CIP Healthy Communities section of the website provides background information on CIP’s healthy communities programs and partnerships. It also provides a gateway to research, processes, policies, and best practices that will help us plan and develop healthier communities.

This guide is designed for planning practitioners to help them in their work towards healthier communities, and to increase the understanding of the supporting role that health practitioners can play in reaching our common goals. It provides a framework for considering the interconnected aspects of a healthy community, and includes practical examples of how others are accomplishing their goals.

OLDER ADULTS
Dr. Liza Stathokostas (CCAA Researcher) will be providing monthly updates on current physical activity research, will be sharing chats with researchers in the field of physical activity and aging, and providing links to timely and relevant topics.

The in motion Older Adult Exercise DVD is a great way for older adults to add physical activity to their day - out in the community with a group of friends or exercising on their own at home.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 2012, 37(3): 511-519
doi: 10.1139/h2012-023
This study investigated secular changes in aerobic fitness among Canadian adults and children. Participants aged 8–69 years were from 2 nationally representative surveys, conducted in-home in 1981 and in mobile examination centers in 2007–2009.

RESEARCH STUFF
Implementation Science 2012, 7:39
doi:10.1186/1748-5908-7-39
The purpose of this article is two-fold: first, to describe how one funding agency, the Michael
Smith Foundation for Health Research (MSFHR) in British Columbia (BC), Canada, developed a plan to increase its role in KT; and second, to present a conceptual model that health organizations could use when considering KT programs.

URBAN DESIGN
The (Australian) Heart Foundation has released a literature review into the impact of density on health, conducted by the Centre for the Built Environment, University of WA. The impact of density on a range of health outcomes and across the life course was considered including: mortality, cardiovascular and cancer mortality, road traffic mortality, respiratory health, and mental health.

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(1), 294-314
Physical activity is associated with access to recreational facilities such as sports fields. Because it is not clear whether objectively- or subjectively-assessed access to facilities exerts a stronger influence on physical activity, we investigated the association between the objective and perceived accessibility of sport fields and the levels of self-reported physical activity among adults in Edmonton, Canada.

This brief examines the extent to which local land use laws require structural improvements that facilitate physical activity. It also examines whether such requirements vary based on community income. The data was collected in 2010 from 264 communities across the United States.

WOMEN
This report from the Women’s Sport and Fitness Foundation (WSFF) identifies that girls in the UK are not getting enough exercise – and that schools hold the key to encouraging girls to get active. The report, based on research carried out by the Institute of Youth Sport at Loughborough University, shows that half of all girls (51%) are put off physical activity by their experiences of school sport and PE.

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