Friday

May 11, 2012

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc
Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible, we provide the DOI link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/. Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Active Transportation 101: Bringing AT to your community and developing an AT plan.
Active transportation 101 represents an interesting and exciting step forward for bicycle and pedestrian advocacy in Nova Scotia. For the first time, the wealth of knowledge and experience collected by planners, advocates, and citizens from around the province has been assembled in one place with the intention of encouraging and recruiting passionate new leaders into the AT community.

A transportation and public health fact sheet.  Loaded with stats and reference links where the data came from.

From your local town council to your senators and representatives in Washington, meeting with your elected officials is important to advancing bicycling and walking— and it’s easier than you think!

CHILDREN
Bicycling Interventions for Youth
This information was compiled as a resource which provides examples of successful bicycling initiatives for youth that could potentially be implemented in schools, communities and or municipalities around Nova Scotia. Included in this slide show are examples of successful bicycling initiatives for youth, information and tips for implementing effective interventions as well as common barriers to increasing and promoting youth to cycle.

Neuroscience Available online 30 April 2012
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2012.04.056
► Regular physical exercise enhanced recognition memory and decreased stress. ► Effects were only detect in participants who exercised on the final day of testing. ► An acute, single bout of exercise did not affect memory. ► Exercise-induced changes in cognition were not correlated with mood/anxiety.

Sarah Goodyear in the Atlantic writes a thought provoking article on one of the impacts of children being driven everywhere. 

DISABILITY/ACCESSIBILITY
Active Video Game Play in Children With Cerebral Palsy: Potential for Physical Activity Promotion and Rehabilitation Therapies
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Available online 7 May 2012
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2012.02.033,
AVG play via a low-cost, commercially available system can offer an enjoyable opportunity for light to moderate physical activity in children with CP. While all games may encourage motor learning to some extent, AVGs can be strategically selected to address specific therapeutic goals (eg, targeted joints, bilateral limb use). Future research is needed to address the challenge of individual variability in movement patterns/play styles. Likewise, further study exploring home use of AVGs for physical activity promotion and rehabilitation therapies, and its functional outcomes, is warranted.

MENTAL HEALTH
Physical Activity and Psychiatric Problems in Children
The Journal of Pediatrics Available online 9 May 2012
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.03.037
We studied whether physical activity, measured by wrist-worn accelerometers, is associated with mother- and teacher-rated psychiatric problems in 8-year-old children (n = 199). Higher overall physical activity and more time spent in more intense physical activity were associated with lower odds for psychiatric problems in emotional, social, and behavioral domains.

Social Science & Medicine Available online 8 May 2012
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.04.012
► Experimental studies show physical activity in natural environments may be better for mental health than activity elsewhere. ► Such studies tend to be small, brief and not to test effects of activity in natural environments as part of everyday life. ► This study looked for evidence of such effects in a large, real-world population. ► It found evidence that physical activity in natural environments is better for mental health than activity elsewhere. ► Each additional use of a natural environment per week is associated with about a 6% lower risk of poor mental health.

OLDER ADULTS
ALCOA Canada Channel – Now on YouTube
On YouTube you can search “ALCOA Canada channel” as well.

Mayo Clinic Proceedings Volume 87, Issue 5, May 2012, Pages 437–442
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2011.12.020
In this population-based sample, the presence of both physical exercise and computer use as assessed via survey was associated with decreased odds of having MCI, after adjustment for caloric intake and traditional confounders (includes video of interview with author).

The desire to get out and about did not diminish at older ages. Walkable access to local shops, services and green spaces doubled an older person’s chances of achieving recommended levels of ‘healthy walking,’ improved their level and range of activities, and increased feelings of life satisfaction.

Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics Available online 9 May 2012
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2012.04.009
Physically independent older adults with more preserved exercise capacity have better postural balance and higher levels of PADL in comparison to those older adults who show a poorer condition in terms of exercise capacity.

Gait & Posture Available online 1 May 2012
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.04.003
► We assessed the reliability of gait parameters during treadmill walking in seniors. ► Most routine temporal and spatial gait parameters were highly reliable. ► Changes of less than 10% can be detected with 90% confidence in these parameters. ► Gait variability parameters obtained during treadmill walking were less reliable. ► These data may serve as a basis to interpret exercise intervention effects.

URBAN DESIGN
Promoting the Implementation of Proven Safety Countermeasures
Federal Highway Administration website with details on roundabouts, medians and pedestrian crossing islands in urban and suburban areas, pedestrian hybrid beacons, road diets & more.

Gordon Price looks at Vancouver in the context of the phenomenon of car dependency that has prevailed in North American cities since the 1920s – Vancouver has done better than most in containing “Motordom,” but the struggle is far from won…

WOMEN
Pre and Post Natal Exercise
SIRC has compiled the following articles to help you learn more about pre and post natal exercise and have a healthy pregnancy. 
  • Canadian Guidelines
  • Exercise During Pregnancy
  • Pilates and Pregnancy
  • Postpartum Challenge
  • Postnatal Exercise

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