The Alberta Centre for Active Living regularly receives physical activity information from various sources, including listservs, websites, personal contacts, and e-mails.
These resources are useful for people who need evidence-based physical activity information for their work.
The information listed has been cut and pasted from its original source and is provided as information only.
The Round-Up is
going on vacation and will return May 31st.
Note: where possible, we provide the DOI link to research
papers in the Info Round-Up. To use it,
cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/. Access to research articles will be dependent
on your institutional rights.
This methodology and user guide
will be of key interest to professionals at both national and local levels:
transport planners, traffic engineers, and special interest groups working on
transport, walking, cycling or the environment, as well as health economists,
physical activity experts and health promotion experts.
From its inception, the NTPP
was designed as a demonstration program to gather statistical information on
transportation mode share shifts before and after the implementation of
nonmotorized transportation infrastructure and educational or promotional
programs. The program was intended to "demonstrate the extent to which
bicycling and walking can carry a significant part of the transportation load,
and represent a major portion of the transportation solution, within selected
This report focuses on active transportation as a means
to improve health and quality of life in Toronto. It reviews the literature on
the health impacts of walking and cycling for transportation in urban areas,
and also discusses the economic, social, environmental, and transportation
system benefits. It presents data on walking and cycling mode shares in the
City of Toronto and quantifies the health benefits of active transportation in
Toronto. It also analyzes collision data and quantifies the costs of pedestrian
and cyclist collisions and injuries in Toronto. Finally, it draws on secondary
sources and interviews with municipal staff in other jurisdictions to identify
strategies for increasing the safety and use of active transportation across
Childhood obesity rates are soaring, youth participation
in sports and other active pursuits is plummeting, and a generation is coming
of age with little understanding of the joy and freedom of unsupervised play.
There's a simple solution—but all across the nation our schools earn a failing
grade when it comes to letting kids ride their bikes.
This document from the National Center for Safe Routes to
School, will help communities identify the schools with the greatest need for
walking infrastructure improvements and the greatest potential for improvement.
The methodology may be helpful for Complete Streets implementation, especially
in locating high priority gaps or deficiencies in the walking network.
The document is large - a 48 MB PDF – so please give it time
to download to your computer.
This guide shares perspective on community engagement in planning
and visioning, and describes how people can work with local government to shape
their communities. You will read the personal stories of experts in the field
and delve into case studies from places as different as the state of Hawaii,
the city of Olympia, WA, and the quaint village of Hamburg, NY.
The Built Environment Health Promotion Strategy is one of
many health promotion initiatives being developed by the Population and Public
Health portfolio. The Strategy addresses the Be Healthy, Stay Healthy strategic
priority outlined in Alberta Health Service’s Becoming the Best: Alberta’s
5-Year Health Action Plan 2010:2015.
Built for kids highlights how built environments are
important to the well-being of children.
It provides information to help increase their
participation in planning built environments so they respond to their
particular wants and needs. It includes a child-friendly indicator framework,
as well as case studies, that highlight how children and young people have
contributed to the development of the built environment in their community.
In Australia, there is a lack of practical tools that can
be used by local government authorities and others to develop and encourage the
child-friendliness of their communities. This report seeks to address this gap
with a particular focus on child friendly communities and the physical
Designed to help citizens participate in the
transpiration planning process, the new guide from the TRB's National
Cooperative Highway Research Program, will help ensure transportation projects
best fit the surrounding community. Understanding professional responsibility,
the flexibility in design options, and collaborative partnerships are among the
The Built Environment Health Promotion Strategy is one of
many health promotion initiatives being developed by the Population and Public
Health portfolio within Alberta Health Services (AHS). A Steering Committee
comprised of directors and managers with interest in the built environment are
providing oversight and direction for strategy development. It was agreed that
a synthesis of existing evidence on population level, health promotion through
the built environment was needed to inform strategy development.
An urban trail is a public path that provides a
well-maintained corridor through an urban environment. Urban trails allow
people to get from one place to another on foot, by bicycle, on roller skates
or skateboards, with strollers or in wheelchairs, without feeling any threat
from nearby motor vehicles
Coaching Association of Canada, ISSN 1496-1539 April
2012, Vol. 12, No. 2
The dearth of women in coaching in Canada has been the
focus of study and discussion over the past 20 years. Despite increasing
numbers of female participants at all levels of sport, the percentage of female
coaches tends to hover around 30% with even fewer women coaching at the highest
Note: where possible, we provide the DOI
link to research papers in the Info Round-Up.To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/. Access to research articles
will be dependent on your institutional rights.
Transportation 101: Bringing AT to your community and developing an AT plan. Active transportation 101 represents an
interesting and exciting step forward for bicycle and pedestrian advocacy in
Nova Scotia. For the first time, the wealth of knowledge and experience
collected by planners, advocates, and citizens from around the province has
been assembled in one place with the intention of encouraging and recruiting
passionate new leaders into the AT community.
From your local town council to your
senators and representatives in Washington, meeting with your elected officials
is important to advancing bicycling and walking— and it’s easier than you
Bicycling Interventions for Youth This information was compiled as a resource
which provides examples of successful bicycling initiatives for youth that
could potentially be implemented in schools, communities and or municipalities
around Nova Scotia. Included in this slide show are examples of successful
bicycling initiatives for youth, information and tips for implementing
effective interventions as well as common barriers to increasing and promoting
youth to cycle.
Neuroscience Available online 30 April 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2012.04.056 ► Regular physical exercise enhanced
recognition memory and decreased stress. ► Effects were only detect in
participants who exercised on the final day of testing. ► An acute, single bout
of exercise did not affect memory. ► Exercise-induced changes in cognition were
not correlated with mood/anxiety.
Activity and Psychiatric Problems in Children The Journal of Pediatrics Available online
9 May 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.03.037 We studied whether physical activity,
measured by wrist-worn accelerometers, is associated with mother- and
teacher-rated psychiatric problems in 8-year-old children (n = 199). Higher
overall physical activity and more time spent in more intense physical activity
were associated with lower odds for psychiatric problems in emotional, social,
and behavioral domains.
Social Science & Medicine Available
online 8 May 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.04.012 ► Experimental studies show physical
activity in natural environments may be better for mental health than activity
elsewhere. ► Such studies tend to be small, brief and not to test effects of
activity in natural environments as part of everyday life. ► This study looked
for evidence of such effects in a large, real-world population. ► It found
evidence that physical activity in natural environments is better for mental
health than activity elsewhere. ► Each additional use of a natural environment
per week is associated with about a 6% lower risk of poor mental health.
Mayo Clinic Proceedings Volume 87, Issue 5,
May 2012, Pages 437–442 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2011.12.020 In this population-based sample, the
presence of both physical exercise and computer use as assessed via survey was
associated with decreased odds of having MCI, after adjustment for caloric
intake and traditional confounders (includes video of interview with author).
The desire to get out and about did not
diminish at older ages. Walkable access to local shops, services and green
spaces doubled an older person’s chances of achieving recommended levels of
‘healthy walking,’ improved their level and range of activities, and increased
feelings of life satisfaction.
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Available online 9 May 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2012.04.009 Physically independent older adults with
more preserved exercise capacity have better postural balance and higher levels
of PADL in comparison to those older adults who show a poorer condition in
terms of exercise capacity.
Gait & Posture Available online 1 May
2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.04.003 ► We assessed the reliability of gait
parameters during treadmill walking in seniors. ► Most routine temporal and
spatial gait parameters were highly reliable. ► Changes of less than 10% can be
detected with 90% confidence in these parameters. ► Gait variability parameters
obtained during treadmill walking were less reliable. ► These data may serve as
a basis to interpret exercise intervention effects.
Gordon Price looks at Vancouver in the
context of the phenomenon of car dependency that has prevailed in North
American cities since the 1920s – Vancouver has done better than most in
containing “Motordom,” but the struggle is far from won… WOMEN Pre and Post Natal Exercise SIRC has compiled the following articles to
help you learn more about pre and post natal exercise and have a healthy
Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.
Our results are consistent with previous research on the importance of separate cycling facilities and provide additional information about the potentially different role of paths vs. lanes. Our analysis also revealed that cities with safer cycling, lower auto ownership, more students, less sprawl, and higher gasoline prices had more cycling to work. By comparison, annual precipitation, the number of cold and hot days, and public transport supply were not statistically significant predictors of bike commuting in large cities.
The purpose of this study was compare the effect of dance, with unstructured playtime, on the physical activity level of an underserved, urban population of children. Activity, via pedometer readings (PR), effect on heart rate (HR), and body mass index (BMI), were assessed.
► Family income is inversely related to BMI among European, urban children. ► Lower-income children reside near fewer open green spaces and engage in less physical activity. ► Childhood BMI inequalities are partially explained by access to green space and physical activity.
► The study included two classes of grade four students. ► Four cognitive processes were measured with and without physical activity. ► Physical activity improved performance on the planning task. ► Planning ability is used for problem solving and behavior regulation
Health Promotion Journal of Australia 2012; 23: 10-15
In this one of a kind Australian study the Tooty Fruity Vegie (TVF) program focused exclusively on preschool children as research evidence supported findings that early childcare facilities are the most effective venue to reach young children and their parents. This study aimed to improve fundamental movement skills (FMS), increase fruit and vegetable intake and decrease unhealthy food options as methods to decrease overweight and obesity prevalence amongst preschool children.
Welcome to the online training course for using the WHO Growth charts. This course was developed by the CDC to train health care providers and others who measure and assess child growth on how to use the World Health Organization (WHO) growth standards to assess growth among infants and children ages birth to 2 years.
The Health Quality Council of Alberta recently released a report that explains major chronic diseases and highlights healthy choices that are known to modify the risk of developing these long-lasting conditions.
The key learnings that follow have been compiled on behalf of the ACE Communities Team by Project Director Brenda Herchmer. They are based on the team’s regular observations and reflections, ongoing interactions with community leaders, coaches and others (eg retreats,
reflective evaluation meetings, blogs, teleconferences), as well as the findings and previous reflective conversations covered in the separate Achievement Report
The Canadian Institute of Planners is an active partner in the Healthy Canada by Design CLASP initiative, which is led by the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada and largely funded by Health Canada via the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer.The CIP Healthy Communities section of the website provides background information on CIP’s healthy communities programs and partnerships. It also provides a gateway to research, processes, policies, and best practices that will help us plan and develop healthier communities.
This guide is designed for planning practitioners to help them in their work towards healthier communities, and to increase the understanding of the supporting role that health practitioners can play in reaching our common goals. It provides a framework for considering the interconnected aspects of a healthy community, and includes practical examples of how others are accomplishing their goals.
Dr. Liza Stathokostas (CCAA Researcher) will be providing monthly updates on current physical activity research, will be sharing chats with researchers in the field of physical activity and aging, and providing links to timely and relevant topics.
Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 2012, 37(3): 511-519
This study investigated secular changes in aerobic fitness among Canadian adults and children. Participants aged 8–69 years were from 2 nationally representative surveys, conducted in-home in 1981 and in mobile examination centers in 2007–2009.
The purpose of this article is two-fold: first, to describe how one funding agency, the Michael
Smith Foundation for Health Research (MSFHR) in British Columbia (BC), Canada, developed a plan to increase its role in KT; and second, to present a conceptual model that health organizations could use when considering KT programs.
The (Australian) Heart Foundation has released a literature review into the impact of density on health, conducted by the Centre for the Built Environment, University of WA. The impact of density on a range of health outcomes and across the life course was considered including: mortality, cardiovascular and cancer mortality, road traffic mortality, respiratory health, and mental health.
Physical activity is associated with access to recreational facilities such as sports fields. Because it is not clear whether objectively- or subjectively-assessed access to facilities exerts a stronger influence on physical activity, we investigated the association between the objective and perceived accessibility of sport fields and the levels of self-reported physical activity among adults in Edmonton, Canada.
This brief examines the extent to which local land use laws require structural improvements that facilitate physical activity. It also examines whether such requirements vary based on community income. The data was collected in 2010 from 264 communities across the United States.
This report from the Women’s Sport and Fitness Foundation (WSFF) identifies that girls in the UK are not getting enough exercise – and that schools hold the key to encouraging girls to get active. The report, based on research carried out by the Institute of Youth Sport at Loughborough University, shows that half of all girls (51%) are put off physical activity by their experiences of school sport and PE.