Friday

April 27, 2012

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 42, Issue 5, May 2012, Pages 493–502
There is limited evidence that active transport is associated with more physical activity as well as lower body weight in adults. However, study heterogeneity, predominantly cross-sectional designs, and crude measures for active transport and physical activity impede quantitative conclusions.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010; 7: 5.
doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-5
There is potential for the health sector to make an important contribution to advocacy for active transport in New Zealand. While there are many barriers to achieving supportive environments for cycling and walking, a range of advocacy strategies were identified which could help ensure that health perspectives are considered in decisions relevant to active transport.

Part I of a four part series (II Sidewalk science – III What’s your walkscore? – IV Learning to walk).  All four articles are available at this URL.

This issue paper summarizes the successes and challenges of marketing active transportation programs and policies in Canada.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011; 8: 52.
doi:  10.1186/1479-5868-8-52
This study provides novel information about the current nature of health advocacy for active transport and informs future advocacy efforts about areas for emphasis, such as health benefits of active transport, and potential alliances with other sectors such as environmental sustainability, transport and urban planning and local communities.

CHILDREN
Best Start Resources (updated 2011)
A list of resources, ideas and research information related to physical activity and early years.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 42, Issue 5, May 2012, Pages 452–459
Policy mandates for physical education in schools may contribute to improvements in children's fitness levels, but their success is likely to depend on mechanisms to ensure compliance.

HEALTHY EATING
Not only has it been reorganized to make it easier to navigate, but a number of new and updated resources have been added.

OLDER ADULTS
The goal of this program is to educate, encourage, promote, and recognize improvements that make cities, towns, and counties more age-friendly for their residents.

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Available online 17 April 2012
Active video games provide light intensity exercise in community dwelling older people, whether played while seated or standing. People who are unable to stand may derive equivalent benefits from active video games played while seated. Further research is required to determine whether sustained use of active video games alters physical activity levels in community settings for this population.


Exercise is Power: Resistance Training for Older Adults
Link to Video and link to News Release
Cognitive decline is a pressing global health care issue… A new study by researchers at the Centre for Hip Health and Mobility at Vancouver Coastal Health and the University of British Columbia shows that implementing a seniors’ exercise program, specifically one using resistance training, can alter the trajectory of decline.

The CLSA will involve a multi-disciplinary research team comprised of more than 160 researchers from 26 universities across Canada. Approximately 50,000 Canadian men and women between the ages of 45 and 85 will be enrolled as participants in the CLSA and followed for at least 20 years.

The Centre for Hip Health and Mobility (CHHM) represents a culture of collaboration and integration among scientists and clinicians from across disciplines who, together seek to solve the problem of arthritis and fall related fractures. Ultimately, CHHM aims to enhance the mobility of British Columbians and Canadians across the lifespan through innovative translational research.

Includes two articles of interest:
·         Use the stairs for physical activity - Kathie C. Garbe, PhD, MCHES
·         Sedentary behavior: the new physical activity frontier? - Paul Gardiner, PhD

Presentations from the conference March 28th – April 1st in Washington, DC.

This report explores the growing issue of home care in Canada. It takes a deeper look at the seniors who are receiving home care, the family caregivers that are lending support, as well as the challenges of home care in Canada.

TIPS is a unique university-community partnership for developing new technologies to prevent falls and fall-related injuries in older adults… TIPS uses innovative approaches (such as video capture and wearable sensors) to determine the causes and circumstances of falls of older adults.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Theme: Geographic Information Systems and Childhood Obesity.  There are 8 papers in this theme set.

The Trust for America’s Health (TFAH) and Micro Health Simulations conducted an analysis to examine how much the United States could save in health care costs if obesity rates were reduced by five percent. The analysis found that the country could save $29.8 billion in five years, $158.1 billion in 10 years and $611.7 billion in 20 years.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Available online 18 April 2012
Our objective was  .. to compile a selection of commented articles most likely to interest the different operatives  … working with these patients in rehabilitation units or in phase III associative structures. Their goals may vary: (1) learners may wish to further their knowledge of cardiac rehabilitation techniques; (2) practitioners may be interested in continued education but not have the time for regular bibliographic updates; (3) researchers may be intent on informing themselves on the latest breakthroughs and/or arousing their imagination… Enjoy your reading!

Psychology of Sport and Exercise Available online 18 April 2012
► This study tested three scoring protocols used with Organismic Integration Theory. ► Identified regulation was the key predictor of physical activity behavior. ► Self-determined motives predicted more frequent physical activity per week. ► Scoring protocols impact observed motivation-physical activity links. ► Justification of scoring protocols used with Organismic Integration Theory is warranted.

This report is one in a set of reports summarizing data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)—a multipurpose health survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Pages 105 – 110 contain data tables of statistics related to LTPA.

This report examines trends in the prevalence of U.S. adults receiving a physician’s or other health professional’s advice to exercise or perform other physical activity among adults who had seen a health professional in the past 12 months.

URBAN DESIGN
This guide can help you compare neighbourhoods for certain aspects of affordability, livability and the environment.

The report highlights how the Coalition has helped to lead the movement and respond to its changing needs in 2011, celebrating the many milestones the year brought: at least 125 new policies on the books; attention from national media outlets such as NPR; the growth of the Coalition's membership and Partners program; and its efforts to provide targeted assistance for communities large and small.

WOMEN
Six federally funded organizations devoted to research and communication in women’s health learned this week that their funding will end March 31, 2013.
·         Le Réseau québécois d’action pour la santé des femmes (RQASF)
·         the Canadian Women’s Health Network (CWHN),
·         the Atlantic Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health (ACEWH),
·         the British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health (BCCEWH),
·         the Prairie Women’s Health Centre of Excellence (PWHCE)
·         the National Network on Environments and Women’s Health (NNEWH)

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