Friday

April 27, 2012

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 42, Issue 5, May 2012, Pages 493–502
There is limited evidence that active transport is associated with more physical activity as well as lower body weight in adults. However, study heterogeneity, predominantly cross-sectional designs, and crude measures for active transport and physical activity impede quantitative conclusions.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2010; 7: 5.
doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-5
There is potential for the health sector to make an important contribution to advocacy for active transport in New Zealand. While there are many barriers to achieving supportive environments for cycling and walking, a range of advocacy strategies were identified which could help ensure that health perspectives are considered in decisions relevant to active transport.

Part I of a four part series (II Sidewalk science – III What’s your walkscore? – IV Learning to walk).  All four articles are available at this URL.

This issue paper summarizes the successes and challenges of marketing active transportation programs and policies in Canada.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011; 8: 52.
doi:  10.1186/1479-5868-8-52
This study provides novel information about the current nature of health advocacy for active transport and informs future advocacy efforts about areas for emphasis, such as health benefits of active transport, and potential alliances with other sectors such as environmental sustainability, transport and urban planning and local communities.

CHILDREN
Best Start Resources (updated 2011)
A list of resources, ideas and research information related to physical activity and early years.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 42, Issue 5, May 2012, Pages 452–459
Policy mandates for physical education in schools may contribute to improvements in children's fitness levels, but their success is likely to depend on mechanisms to ensure compliance.

HEALTHY EATING
Not only has it been reorganized to make it easier to navigate, but a number of new and updated resources have been added.

OLDER ADULTS
The goal of this program is to educate, encourage, promote, and recognize improvements that make cities, towns, and counties more age-friendly for their residents.

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Available online 17 April 2012
Active video games provide light intensity exercise in community dwelling older people, whether played while seated or standing. People who are unable to stand may derive equivalent benefits from active video games played while seated. Further research is required to determine whether sustained use of active video games alters physical activity levels in community settings for this population.


Exercise is Power: Resistance Training for Older Adults
Link to Video and link to News Release
Cognitive decline is a pressing global health care issue… A new study by researchers at the Centre for Hip Health and Mobility at Vancouver Coastal Health and the University of British Columbia shows that implementing a seniors’ exercise program, specifically one using resistance training, can alter the trajectory of decline.

The CLSA will involve a multi-disciplinary research team comprised of more than 160 researchers from 26 universities across Canada. Approximately 50,000 Canadian men and women between the ages of 45 and 85 will be enrolled as participants in the CLSA and followed for at least 20 years.

The Centre for Hip Health and Mobility (CHHM) represents a culture of collaboration and integration among scientists and clinicians from across disciplines who, together seek to solve the problem of arthritis and fall related fractures. Ultimately, CHHM aims to enhance the mobility of British Columbians and Canadians across the lifespan through innovative translational research.

Includes two articles of interest:
·         Use the stairs for physical activity - Kathie C. Garbe, PhD, MCHES
·         Sedentary behavior: the new physical activity frontier? - Paul Gardiner, PhD

Presentations from the conference March 28th – April 1st in Washington, DC.

This report explores the growing issue of home care in Canada. It takes a deeper look at the seniors who are receiving home care, the family caregivers that are lending support, as well as the challenges of home care in Canada.

TIPS is a unique university-community partnership for developing new technologies to prevent falls and fall-related injuries in older adults… TIPS uses innovative approaches (such as video capture and wearable sensors) to determine the causes and circumstances of falls of older adults.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Theme: Geographic Information Systems and Childhood Obesity.  There are 8 papers in this theme set.

The Trust for America’s Health (TFAH) and Micro Health Simulations conducted an analysis to examine how much the United States could save in health care costs if obesity rates were reduced by five percent. The analysis found that the country could save $29.8 billion in five years, $158.1 billion in 10 years and $611.7 billion in 20 years.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Available online 18 April 2012
Our objective was  .. to compile a selection of commented articles most likely to interest the different operatives  … working with these patients in rehabilitation units or in phase III associative structures. Their goals may vary: (1) learners may wish to further their knowledge of cardiac rehabilitation techniques; (2) practitioners may be interested in continued education but not have the time for regular bibliographic updates; (3) researchers may be intent on informing themselves on the latest breakthroughs and/or arousing their imagination… Enjoy your reading!

Psychology of Sport and Exercise Available online 18 April 2012
► This study tested three scoring protocols used with Organismic Integration Theory. ► Identified regulation was the key predictor of physical activity behavior. ► Self-determined motives predicted more frequent physical activity per week. ► Scoring protocols impact observed motivation-physical activity links. ► Justification of scoring protocols used with Organismic Integration Theory is warranted.

This report is one in a set of reports summarizing data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)—a multipurpose health survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Pages 105 – 110 contain data tables of statistics related to LTPA.

This report examines trends in the prevalence of U.S. adults receiving a physician’s or other health professional’s advice to exercise or perform other physical activity among adults who had seen a health professional in the past 12 months.

URBAN DESIGN
This guide can help you compare neighbourhoods for certain aspects of affordability, livability and the environment.

The report highlights how the Coalition has helped to lead the movement and respond to its changing needs in 2011, celebrating the many milestones the year brought: at least 125 new policies on the books; attention from national media outlets such as NPR; the growth of the Coalition's membership and Partners program; and its efforts to provide targeted assistance for communities large and small.

WOMEN
Six federally funded organizations devoted to research and communication in women’s health learned this week that their funding will end March 31, 2013.
·         Le Réseau québécois d’action pour la santé des femmes (RQASF)
·         the Canadian Women’s Health Network (CWHN),
·         the Atlantic Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health (ACEWH),
·         the British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health (BCCEWH),
·         the Prairie Women’s Health Centre of Excellence (PWHCE)
·         the National Network on Environments and Women’s Health (NNEWH)

April 20, 2012

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/. Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 42, Issue 5, May 2012, Pages 493–502
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2012.01.030
Physical activity has various health benefits. Active transport can contribute to total physical activity and thus affect body weight because of increased energy expenditure. This review summarizes published evidence on associations of active transport, general physical activity, and body weight in adults.

The Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center, in conjunction with Toole Design Group, has created a new website to serve as a clearinghouse for Bike Share resources. The site features the latest research and information on bike share programs, including guidelines for creating programs, as well as links to existing bike share systems around the world.

Transport Policy Volume 21, May 2012, Pages 119–125
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2012.03.003
► Active travel can contribute to health by increasing levels of physical activity. ► Active travel is associated with good pedestrian and cycling infrastructure.
► A new bridge over the river Clyde was associated with a rise in active travel. ► Cordon counts can help monitor travel trends and evaluation of new infrastructure.


Since the middle of the last decade, Americans have been driving less and travelling by foot, bike, or transit more. The trend, they found, is led by young people, age 16 to 34.

CHILDREN
** A large number of new releases from CFLRI**

2011 Physical Activity Levels Among Youth (Kids CANPLAY)
New bulletins from the 2010 Physical Activity Monitor: Getting Kids Active 2011 Opportunities for physical activity at school SurveyMarch and April’s Research File
March and April’s Lifestyle Tip
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Available online 3 April 12 In Press, Corrected Proof
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.12.009
This study reports the development, and assessment of the test–retest and internal reliability of a comprehensive proxy survey instrument designed to measure correlates of preschool children's physical activity across the three domains of the social ecological model.

Uses both parent-reported and directly measured (accelerometry) data about children's activity from the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey to examine moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep duration in children aged 6 to 11. The objective was to compare and contrast findings from these data collection methods, and explore differences in their associations with health markers in children.

CHRONIC DISEASE

Your Personal Passport to Healthy Living and Community Leaders’ Guidebook (to support use of the personal passport).

In this new publication from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), the contribution of risk factors such as physical activity and diet to chronic disease are outlined.

HEALTH GENERAL
 
The 45 and Up Study is the largest study of healthy ageing ever undertaken in the Southern Hemisphere. Over 265,000 men and women aged 45 and over across NSW have been recruited – about 10% of this age group – and will have their health followed over the coming decades.

HEALTHY EATING
 
"Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life."
 
The purpose of this knowledge pathway is to provide evidence to support practice in the area of school nutrition policies and guidelines for public health and dietetic practitioners who are involved in the development, implementation or evaluation of school nutrition policies and school nutrition interventions.

MENTAL HEATLH

Walking for depression or depressive symptoms: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Mental Health and Physical Activity Available online 4 April 12 In Press, Accepted Manuscript
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2012.03.002
Walking has a statistically significant, large effect on the symptoms of depression in some populations, but the current evidence base from randomized, controlled trials is limited. Thus, while walking is a promising treatment for depression or depressive symptoms with few, if any, contraindications, further investigations to establish the frequency, intensity, duration and type(s) of effective walking interventions particularly in primary care populations would be beneficial for providing further recommendations to clinical practitioners.

OLDER ADULTS
 
In this video, Streetfilms in partnership with AARP, shows the advantages of creating transit oriented neighbourhoods with a specific focus on older adults. By providing a range of mobility options Arlington, Virginia is an inspiring example of transit-oriented development that facilitates independent, active and healthy living for seniors.

Preventing Chronic Disease 2012;9:110241
Healthy Aging 2.0 proposes that 21st century information and communications technology offers public health practitioners the unique opportunity to empower, engage, and educate… older adults in chronic disease management.
 
The aim of this randomised control trial is to develop and evaluate a low cost, accessible, sustainable and replicable physical activity and nutrition program for older insufficiently active people aged 60 to 70 years (older Baby Boomer – young seniors group).
 
Gait & Posture Available online 24 March 2012 In Press, Corrected Proof
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.02.007
► We examined the role of physical activity in age related gait changes. ► Active older adults walking speeds are not reduced relative to younger adults. ► Only small changes in ankle joint mechanics with age found. ► Slight increase in hip joint moments found to compensate for changes at ankle. ► High volumes of walking in older adults may minimize age related gait changes.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 42, Issue 5, May 2012, Pages e57–e64
doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.02.008
Results of a new study shows that neighborhood design, such as walkability, proximity to higher quality parks and access to healthy food, has influence on obesity rates.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
A Review of the Effectiveness of Physical Activity Interventions for Adult Males
Sports Medicine, Volume 42, Number 4, 1 April 2012 , pp. 281-300(20)
Males are generally under-represented in health-promotion interventions and should therefore be targeted specifically, and while results of the included studies are encouraging, there is a lack of intervention studies targeting adult males. Further research into this population group is therefore required.
SIT is a open science project setup to develop a common taxonomy (naming and classification system) of sedentary behaviours through a formal consensus process taking into account the opinion of experts and of the general public. Currently the project is under the administration of Prof D.Skelton and Dr S. Chastin at Glasgow Caledonian University.
 
Identifies the times during the day when people engage in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), based on accelerometer measures over seven consecutive days. Minutes of MVPA are reported for two-hour intervals from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m., by age group and sex, for weekdays and weekends. Patterns of physical activity among the most and least active in the population are also described. The data are from the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey.

Active living is a way of life that incorporates physical activity into daily routines.   Here you can ask questions of local and national experts, explore various topics related to active living, find out what is happening in Minnesota communities around active living, as well as search for other relevant issue areas.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 42, Issue 5, May 2012, Pages 486–492
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2011.11.017
The focus of the PhenX (Phenotypes and eXposures) Toolkit is to provide researchers whose expertise lies outside a particular area with key measures identified by experts for uniform use in large-scale genetic studies and other extensive epidemiologic efforts going forward. The current paper specifically addresses the PhenX Toolkit research domain of physical activity and physical fitness (PA/PF), which are often associated with health outcomes

Arch Intern Med. 2012;172 (6):494-500
doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2011.2174
The authors conclude that prolonged sitting is a risk factor for all-cause mortality, independent of physical activity. Public health programs should focus on reducing sitting time in addition to increasing physical activity levels.

Gait & Posture Available online 2 April 2012
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.02.025
At all locations, cell phone PA counts were strongly associated with treadmill gait speed. Cell phones worn at the hip yielded the best predictive model. We conclude that in both men and women, cell phone derived activity counts strongly correlate with treadmill gait speed over a wide range of subject ages and weights.

There are so many reasons to be active—for mental health, fitness, disease prevention and fun.  Unfortunately, there is also a long list of reasons why people are not active enough.  These common barriers are not just excuses—they are societal realities that impact the decisions we make each and every day, including the decision to be physically active.  Whether it’s technological advances, financial pressures or psychological factors at play, we all have a lot of competing demands on our time and energy.

URBAN DESIGN

In this article Will Doig explores the idea that modern urban parks have become over designed and over programmed. In an effort to provide an exciting user 'experience' at every turn, Doig argues that we’ve moved away from the versatile simplicity that characterizes many of North America’s greatest parks such as Boston Commons, Prospect Park and Bryant Park.
 
The Toronto Centre for Active Transportation (TCAT) will launch a new Complete Streets Canada website in advance of the 2012 Complete Streets Form on April 23 in Toronto. The website will feature a new-and-improved design, new original research, fact sheets, photographs, and more!

WOMEN

A University of Miami study shows that women with non-metastatic breast cancer who are physically active and receive stress management intervention during treatment may reduce depression and lessen fatigue.
 
WORKPLACE

Preventing Chronic Disease 2012;9:110186.
Twenty-three workplaces participated in the program. From baseline to follow-up, we observed significant increases in the implementation of physical activity programs (29% to 51%, P = .02), health behavior policy (40% to 46%, P = .047), and health information communication (40% to 81%, P = .001).

Public Health Volume 125, Issue 4, April 2011, Pages 210–216
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2011.01.005
The findings in this paper offer strong evidence supporting transport plans as an effective way to simultaneously reduce vehicle usage and provide health benefits through physical activity with significant increases in walking and cycling to work. This travel plan demonstrates a successful case study in increasing active travel and overall physical activity levels and can be replicated in other workplaces, together with a similarly thorough evaluation.

Thursday

April 5, 2012

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

The Round-Up will return on April 20th

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Safe Communities Central Alberta and the Red Deer Primary Care Network worked with some community partners to create a series of bike, walk and roll videos which promote safety and injury prevention.

The results from the Attitudes towards Transport survey conducted in 2011 have been released by the Department for Transport. This report presents statistics on attitudes towards transport in Great Britain during 2011 and discusses trend changes since 2010. It covers attitudes towards road use, congestion and sustainable travel, among other topics. The report raises a number of points which relate to physical activity.

While more intervention research is needed to build a solid knowledge base of the health benefits of cycling, the existing evidence reinforces the current efforts to promote cycling as an important contributor for better population health.

The European Journal of Public Health, 2012, Advance Access
In one of the first studies of its kind, this article seeks to establish the proportion of the Catalonian population who meets the daily recommended physical activity levels through using walking as a form of active transport, the proportion who could meet physical activity recommendations if they replaced short motorised trips with walking and the economic advantage of such changes.

Toronto Public Health has released this new report entitled.  It summarizes the Toronto-and GTA-specific findings of a residential preferences survey that was conducted for Toronto Public Health (TPH) by Dr. Larry Frank and his team at Urban Design 4 Health. 

CHILDREN
The Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure in Northern Ireland has released the Young People and Sport 2010 survey results. These are part of the findings from the 2010 Young Persons’ Behaviour and Attitudes Survey (YPBAS). The YPBAS is a school-based survey carried out among 11–16 year old students. A total of 4,070 pupils were surveyed.

CHRONIC DISEASE
The document provides a basis for the development of a set of voluntary global targets on NCDs, including the target of a 10% relative reduction in the prevalence of insufficiently physically active adults.

COMMUNITY
The legacy document sets out for the first time the breadth and depth of the sporting, economic, regeneration and community legacy that will be delivered after the Games.

Health Promot. Int. (2012) First published online: January 6, 2012
doi: 10.1093/heapro/dar093
The Community Health and the Built Environment (CHBE) project investigated the role of place in interventions for chronic disease prevention in order to identify contextual factors that may foster or inhibit intervention success.

HEALTHY EATING
J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Nov;25(11):3198-204
This article summarizes research to date on the use of recovery beverages after aerobic activities and provides the following recommendations for practitioners on the optimal formula and timing of use for endurance and team-sport athletes.

J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Dec;25(12):3456-60.
When the results from men and women were combined, chocolate milk and Gatorade produced a similar time to fatigue. But when separated by gender, the men were able to sustain their shuttle run for 1.5 to 2 minutes longer after drinking chocolate milk vs. Gatorade. The women demonstrated no difference in performance between the two beverages, for which the researchers had no answers but suggested it worthy of future study

OLDER ADULTS
This UK evidence briefing is designed for professionals who require a detailed review of the evidence base available for physical activity in older adults.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
A fitter future for all outlines a ten year strategy which seeks to tackle the prevalence of obesity across Northern Ireland.

March 2012 Volume 13, Issue Supplement s1, pages 1-132
A Special Issue of the journal Obesity Reviews focuses on obesity prevention measures in early childhood.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
The Alberta Get Outdoors Weekend will be an annual event marked during the second weekend of April each year. During this weekend, Albertans are invited to get outside even for a few minutes to enjoy some fresh air and physical activities suitable to them.  The goal is to get outside and enjoy an activity which will benefit the mind, body and spirit and at the same time experience the natural beauty of our province.

There is preliminary evidence that tailored-print interventions are a promising approach to promoting physical activity in adult populations. Future research is needed to further identify key factors relating to efficacy and to determine if this approach is cost-effective and sustainable in the long-term.

Medical Journal of Australia, 2012, 196: 337-340
This research makes a clear, compelling case that prevention through promoting healthier lifestyle needs to be a key policy priority for governments in order to impact incidence rates of cancer as well as other chronic diseases.

Brought to you by ParticipACTION - April 9-13, 2012

RESEARCH STUFF
Implementation Science 2012, 7:20
doi:10.1186/1748-5908-7-20
Public health practitioners often draw on forms of knowledge other than formal research literature. Using interviews and focus groups, this study published in Implementation Science aimed to gain a better understanding of how tacit knowledge is used to inform program initiatives in public health organizations. The authors conclude that tacit knowledge is used to identify opportunities, bring together teams and plan program details, a finding that is useful in guiding knowledge translation strategies.

WORKPLACE
The UK evaluation report presents an assessment of the delivery of the project as well as findings from an employee survey conducted in each organization.