January 27, 2012

By Rosanne Prinsen MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

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Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

This list of research, reports and educational/planning resources has organized in accordance with a standard framework or outline used to describe comprehensive approaches, coordinated agency-school programs and whole school strategies to address broad health, social, safety and other issues.

Health & Place Volume 18, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 24–30
Walking school buses (WSB) increased children's physical activity, but impact on pedestrian safety behaviors (PSB) is unknown.
Note: Be sure to look at the table of contents of this Issue of Health and Place – there are many good PA/AL articles in side.

Computers & Education Available online 17 January 2012 In Press, Uncorrected Proof
► We examined the effectiveness of Nintendo Wii in balance ability. ► Nintendo Wii was compared to a traditional balance training program. ► Results indicated that both groups demonstrated an improvement in balance ability. ► Findings support the effectiveness of using Nintendo Wii on balance competence.

Journal of Adolescent Health Volume 50, Issue 2, Supplement, February 2012, Pages S37
To determine if the number of parks and recreation areas within 400, 800, and 1500 meter radii of middle schools participating in the Healthy Choices (HC) study and the crime rate in the neighborhood surrounding these schools were associated with individual student-reported physical activity (PA) levels.

Preventive Medicine Available online 18 January 2012 In Press, Uncorrected Proof
► We investigated non-school travel mode and physical activity levels in children. ► Active travel was associated with higher overall activity levels in males. ► Active travel was associated with greater after-school activity levels in females. ► Promoting non-school active travel may help to achieve higher activity levels.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 42, Iss 2, Feb 2012, Pages 180–184
The authors conclude: Activity levels in ASPs are well below recommendations. Substantial effort is needed to identify strategies ASPs can employ to ensure children are sufficiently active.

Health & Place Available online 25 January 2012 In Press, Accepted Manuscript
We summarised activity intensities in different types of greenspace on weekday evenings, weekend days, and by season. Around half of outdoor moderate-vigorous activity took place in greenspace at the weekend and use was consistent across seasons.

Primary Care Diabetes  Available online 17 January 2012 In Press, Corrected Proof
The purpose of this study was to examine whether diabetes free healthy non-Hispanic Whites (NHW), non-Hispanic Blacks (NHB), and Mexican-Americans (MA) who are told of their diabetes risk were more likely to adopt healthy lifestyle behavior defined as current weight control, physical activity and reduced fat/calories intake than those who were not told that they were at increased risk.

This opinion piece looks at the current debate on the Canada Health Transfer and points to how the preventative benefits of sport and physical activity might help the longer term financial viability of the health care system.

The HHFK Act allows USDA, for the first time in over 30 years, opportunity to make real reforms to the school lunch and breakfast programs by improving the critical nutrition and hunger safety net for millions of children.

School meals for millions of children will be healthier under obesity-fighting U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) standards unveiled on Wednesday that double the fruits and vegetables in cafeteria lunches -- but won’t pull French fries from the menu.

Psychology of Sport and Exercise Online 24 January 2012 In Press, Accepted Manuscript
Very little difference in perceived-stress and emotional-distress existed in women and men who participated in different sport-types, suggesting that "one-activity-fits-all recommendations" are likely inappropriate. Different sports are suitable for different individuals, and it is important that one finds the sport that suits one best. 

An age-friendly community is an inclusive and accessible environment that “allows people to realize their potential for physical, social, and mental well-being throughout the life course and to participate in society, while providing them with adequate protection, security and care when they need.

Arch of Phys Med and Rehab Available online 14 Jan 2012 In Press, Corrected Proof
The test is easily administered and because of its challenging nature, it may be well suited to detect subtle differences in abilities of higher functioning, community-dwelling older adults. A practitioner can be confident in 7 of 10 cases that an older adult who cannot complete all 5 steps of the Multiple-Lunge Test is at high risk of falls. The results suggest that there is potential for the Multiple-Lunge Test to be used in clinical practice; however, additional research on how to further increase its validity appears warranted.

Studies show that having access to non-medical social support services including transportation and various community-based leisure time opportunities directly affects the lives of older persons…… Although this may seem obvious to many of us at first glance, those engaged in scientific study indicate that research-based evidence on the subject is actually quite limited.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 42, Iss 2, Feb 2012, Pages 185–192
Enhanced reporting of relevant and pragmatic information in behavioral investigations of childhood obesity interventions is needed to improve the ability to evaluate the applicability of results to practice implementation. Such evidence would improve translation of research to practice, provide additional explanation for variability in intervention outcomes, and provide insights into successful adaptations of interventions to local conditions.

This issue is full of articles about physical activity/active living.

Preventive Medicine Available online 18 January 2012 In Press, Accepted Manuscript
Self-reported PA was significantly and positively associated with higher HRQoL scores among older men. Associations were stronger for those achieving a higher volume of PA.

Unlike many other online trackers with similar features, the “SuperTracker” is offered free of charge.  Features include a nutritional database, a food diary, and a physical activity tracker that matches progress against national recommendations for weekly physical activity accumulation

Health & Place Volume 18, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 5–7
The ADG is a manual of evidence-based and best-practice strategies for increasing physical activity in the design and construction of neighborhoods, streets and buildings.
Note: Be sure to look at the table of contents of this Issue of Health and Place – there are many good PA/AL articles in side.

Digestive and Liver Disease Available online 24 January 2012 In Press, Corrected Proof
Celiac patients report fatigue and reduced social activities, which may decrease physical activity. This study investigated the physical activity, fatigue and bone mineral density in celiac women at diagnosis and during diet.

Preventive Medicine Available online 24 January 2012 In Press, Accepted Manuscript
► We examined the effect of school-based physical exercise on mother/daughter pairs. ► We compare the health-related fitness outcome of physical exercise in mother/daughter group versus student only group. ► The 12-week physical exercise improved health-related fitness in both students and their mothers. ► The effect of intervention on students in mother/daughter group was significantly stronger than that of student only group. ► Family support and parent participation can contribute to improve efficacy of health related interventions in adolescents.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 42, Iss 2, Feb 2012, Pages 136–141
Findings suggest that the prompt was effective in increasing physical activity in diverse settings, and increases were maintained at 9 months.

The period of time when you transition into retirement can be stressful, even if retirement is a happy and welcome change from working. Major life changes happen when you wind down your working career and begin your retirement years.

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