Friday

February 25, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Journal of Medical Internet Research Vol 12 No 4 2010
Adding online community features to an Internet-mediated walking program did not increase average daily step counts but did reduce participant attrition. Participants with low baseline social support used the online community features more than those with high baseline social support. Thus, online communities may be a promising approach to reducing attrition from online health behavior change interventions, particularly in populations with low social support.

The only professional membership organization for the discipline of pedestrian and bicycle transportation.  Our members are dedicated to making bicycling and walking a viable transportation option in the United States, Canada, and around the world.

If you are planning a physical activity campaign in 2011, consider using the iCANwalk Pledge as a tool to motivate participants and help you measure the success of your campaign.

Examines the elements that promote or discourage walking in a neighborhood

Provides a basic framework in which local built environment decisions are made and steps to identify opportunities for policies to improve walkability

Injury Prevention doi:10.1136/ip.2010.028696
These data (from a Montreal study) suggest that the injury risk of bicycling on cycle tracks is less than bicycling in streets. The construction of cycle tracks should not be discouraged.

It’s all part of the $20 million in capital investments promised last year as the city prepares to rewrite its transportation plan for the next decade. As the title of these investments imply, the city’s engineering department is focusing now on “active transportation,” not just cycling, to ensure pedestrians get their due as one of the largest and most sustainable participants in the city system.

CHILDREN
See new links listed for 2010 – #1 Methodology and #2 PA levels

CFLRI Lifestyle Tips

The new Healthy Kids website (Australia) provides information, resources and ideas on physical activity and healthy eating for children and young people.

CFLRI Research File

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011, 8:5
doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-5
There is some evidence to suggest that ATS is associated with a healthier body composition and level of cardiorespiratory fitness among youth. Strategies to increase ATS are warranted and should be included in whole-of-school approaches to the promotion of physical activity. 

HEALTH GENERAL
“We cannot invite people to assume responsibility for their health and then turn around and fault them for illnesses and disabilities which are the outcome of wider social and economic circumstances.”

The information in this appendix is based on interviews that were conducted for Stepping It Up, where selected (key) horizontal initiatives were brought to the attention of the consultant. In many cases, their formation derived from the interviews has been supplemented with details and quotes from the corresponding websites. 

MISCELLANEOUS
This resource documents the evidence that recreation, parks, sport, active living, arts, culture and heritage are essential, and that our programs and services DO make a difference in the lives of the individuals, 'families' and communities we serve!

OLDER ADULTS
The principal goal of the Building Healthy Communities for Active Aging Award program is to raise awareness across the nation about healthy synergies that can be achieved when communities combine and implement the principles of smart growth with the concepts of active aging.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Includes the well known Obesity Trends state map for each year from 1999 – 2009.  The visual changes are stunning!

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
On the eve of the 2011 Canada Games, federal, provincial and territorial ministers responsible for sport, physical activity and recreation agreed to take action in a number of areas at their annual meeting held February 10 and 11 in Halifax.

A complementary document to The Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call to Action. This document identifies seven best investments to increase population levels of physical activity which, if applied at sufficient scale will make a significant contribution to reducing the burden of non-communicable diseases and promote population health

It provides suggestions and ideas for action at all levels; from students and parents, to school councils and divisions/authorities, that can strengthen the school and home environment to support children and youth to lead active, healthy lifestyles. 

RESEARCH STUFF
Different stakeholders have different information needs because they make different types of decisions. The information communicated to stakeholders must address their needs and concerns. In addition, information disseminated to stakeholders should emphasize key findings for action and include recommendations that are useful. In general, improving stakeholders’ use of health information requires that it is available, accessible, relevant, and useful.

This guide has been developed for practitioners working for councils and public health organisations who have been given the task of evaluating the impact of a project or initiative. It will take you through the process of designing, implementing and disseminating an impact assessment and will also provide information on the range of tools and help that is available.

URBAN DESIGN
For decades, communities have tested the waters of innovation by designing streets to accommodate more than vehicular traffic. Bike and bus lanes are nothing new, but it was only about six years ago that urban planners began promoting street designs that accommodate all those who could potentially use a particular roadway………

Highways do not—and, except for brief periods in our nation’s history—never have paid for themselves through the taxes that highway advocates label “user fees.” Yet highway advocates continue to suggest they do in an attempt to secure preferential access to scarce public resources and to shape how those resources are spent.

With many shared goals and valuable resources to direct toward neighborhood revitalization efforts, public health and redevelopment agency staff make powerful allies. This fact sheet is designed for redevelopment professionals to show how partnerships with public health staff can increase the impact of redevelopment projects, improving residents’ health while strengthening the local economy.

Eat Smart, Move More South Carolina, a state-wide obesity prevention coalition, has produced a Complete Streets Toolbook and a Complete Streets Advocacy Manual to help South Carolinians push for pedestrian-, bicycle-, and transit-friendly infrastructure in their towns.

February 18, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
Data from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey were used to compare rates of active and moderately active leisure time (versus inactive) among First Nations people off reserve, Métis and Inuit with rates among non-Aboriginal people.  The abstract or full .pdf can be downloaded from the list of link in the text box on the right side of the page.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Just over twenty years ago, Boulder charted a new direction for transportation in the community with the adoption of the Transportation Master Plan. Since then, Boulder has become one of the country’s leaders in providing a balanced multimodal system. We are pleased to offer a snapshot of where we are today and the journey that led us here.

Includes 6 articles:
·         "How Far Out of the Way Will We Travel?;"
·         "Automated Bicycle Counts;"
·         "Multimodal Travel Choices of Bicyclists;"
·         "Latent Bicycle Commuting Demand and Effects of Gender on Commuter Cycling and Accident Rates;"
·         "Effects of On-Street Bicycle Facility Configuration on Bicyclist and Motorist Behavior;"
·         "Parking Lane Width and Bicycle Operating Space.

CHILDREN
These are the first, systematic evidence-based sedentary behaviour guidelines in the world. The Guidelines provide recommendations to Canadian children and youth on limiting sedentary behaviour during discretionary or ‘free’ time in order to reduce health risks.

Appl. Physiol. Nutr. Metab. 36(1): 59–64 (2011)
doi:10.1139/H11-012 
This article is open access.  The link to the full text can be found in the left hand column.

Appl. Physiol. Nutr. Metab. 35(6): 805–815 (2010)
doi:10.1139/H10-078
The present study indicates that cycling to music was just as effective as stationary cycling while playing video games at improving fitness, body composition, and cholesterol profiles in overweight and obese teens, and resulted in increased attendance, vigorous intensity of physical activity, and distance pedaled.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Is good care at home for seniors with chronic health conditions possible? At what cost? To whom? The Change Foundation answers those questions - and asks others - in this discussion paper.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
The report says right now obesity is costing Texas businesses $9.5 billion a year in health care, absenteeism, decreased productivity and disability. The Comptroller is urging schools, lawmakers and others to implement more initiatives to prevent and combat obesity..."

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: February 2009 - Vol 41 - Iss 2 - pp 459-471
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181949333
This document is an update of the 2001 American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Position Stand titled "Appropriate Intervention Strategies for Weight Loss and Prevention of Weight Regain for Adults".

Appl. Physiol. Nutr. Metab. 35(5): 643–649 (2010)
doi:10.1139/H10-058
The purpose of this study was to quantify metabolic workloads and estimate caloric expenditure while playing upper-body accelerometer-controlled and classic seated video games…... Although upper-body accelerometer-controlled video games provided a greater exercising stimulus than classic seated video games, these data suggest they should not replace routine moderate or vigorous exercise.

Appl. Physiol. Nutr. Metab. 36(1): 36–46 (2011)
doi:10.1139/H11-009
This article is open access.  The link to the full text can be found in the left hand column.

Appl. Physiol. Nutr. Metab. 35(6): 725–740 (2010)
doi:10.1139/H10-079
This paper gives an overview of this emerging area of research (sedentary physiology) and highlights the ways that it differs from traditional exercise physiology

RURAL
Rural youth are an at-risk population for obesity and inactivity, and often face different challenges than kids in urban and suburban environments.

URBAN DESIGN
Journal of Planning Literature February 2010 vol. 24 no. 3 231-245
doi: 10.1177/0885412209358047
This article describes the history of HIAs and their relationship to other analogous tools, reviews current theory and practice of HIAs, and discusses the role of HIAs in current planning initiatives. The authors suggest it is important to modify existing HIA tools so that they are perceived by planners as a useful supplement to current planning processes rather than a burdensome additional requirement.

Journal of Public Health Management & Practice. 14(3) May/June 2008.
The articles in this special issue examine the built environment and health.  This links to the table of contents.  Abstracts/Articles only available if you have institutional access – i.e. UofA ejournals.

A ten part video series which explores solutions to the problem of automobile dependency.  It's a visual handbook that will help guide policy makers, advocacy organizations, teachers, students, and others into a world that values pedestrian plazas over parking lots and train tracks over highways.  Cars were then, and this is now.  Welcome to the future.

For the first chapter in our Moving Beyond the Automobile series we'll take a look at Transit-Oriented Development, more commonly known by its "TOD" acronym in transportation industry circles. TOD is a high-density, mixed-use residential area with access to ample amounts of transportation. There are usually many transportation nodes within its core and contains a walkable and bike-able environment.
 
The new Network will be officially launched on March 8th to celebrate CAAWS’ 30th Anniversary and International Women’s Day. The Network will be a space where women leaders can connect, build their skills, share ideas, discuss issues, find solutions, and take action! The Network will be open to all women interested in leadership in sport and physical activity.



February 11, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

CHILDREN
Health & Place Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Conclusion: When school (location) decisions are made, the number of physical activity facilities surrounding the school should be considered to encourage physical activity in 12th grade girls.

Scroll down the page – it’s the 3rd from the bottom.

Social Science & Medicine Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
We hypothesize that poorer children may have more unstructured time, which they fill with television time but also with outdoor play time; and that children in public housing may be likely to have access to play areas on the grounds of their housing facilities.

MISCELLANEOUS
This is a brief introduction to the Theory of Change and how SMARTRISK adapted it for its needs. The authors encourage other organizations that work to make social change to investigate the theory further to determine whether they may find it a useful exercise to work through as well.

OLDER ADULTS
Older Canadians who have fully retired from work report worse general health, more chronic health conditions and were less physically active than their counterparts who remain at work.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
New research from Catrine Tudor-Locke
Conclusion: Accumulating approximately 8,000 steps/day is a good proxy for 30 minutes of daily MVPA, while accumulating 7,000 steps/day every day of the week is consistent with obtaining 150 minutes of weekly MVPA.

Computers in Human Behavior Article in Press, Corrected Proof
These results suggest that barriers posed by high levels of computer use are surmountable. Efforts to increase efficacy in overcoming barriers to exercise may be more practical and have a greater impact on physical activity levels than trying to decrease computer use among adults.

WOMEN
This new DVD, produced by the Middlesex-London Health Unit in partnership with Dr Michelle Mottola, Director of the Exercise and Pregnancy Lab at UWO, answers many of the questions women have about the safe and healthy ways to be active during pregnancy.



February 4, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc
Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up. To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/. Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
Implementing a whole school physical activity and healthy eating model in rural and remote First Nations schools: a process evaluation of Action Schools! BC
Rural and Remote Health 10 (online), 2010: 1296
The AS! BC model provided tools for schools and teachers to create individualized ‘action plans’ to increase the opportunities for physical activity (PA) and healthy eating (HE) across 6 ‘action zones’.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Active travel - healthy lives
A summary of international evidence on the health and economic benefits of active travel and recommendations on how active travel can become a viable, safe and attractive alternative to car use. The report includes sections on the health impact of active travel, reducing health inequalities through active travel, and the economic benefits of active travel.

Dutch aim to bust congestion with fast cycle routes
In a bid to persuade citizens to switch to pedal power for their regular commute, the Dutch are to build a series of high quality, high-capacity cycle routes between towns and cities where traffic jams are a regular headache.

Introducing the new Walk Score -- now with street smarts!
Walk Score is beta-testing a brand new algorithm -- they call it "Street Smart Walk Score" -- that takes their pedestrian-friendliness rankings to a whole new level.

CHILDREN
Active video gaming
The January issue of the CFLRI “Lifestyle Tips”.

The impact of ‘Exergaming’ on Physical Activity levels of Children and Youth
The January issue of the CFLRI “Research File”.

National Physical Activity Audit of Children’s Centres and Nurseries (UK)
Findings include: Nearly all Children’s Centres, regardless of how long they have been established, are providing some form of active play provision to local children on a weekly basis.

National Child Measurement Programme: England, 2009/10 school year
The results suggest that physical activity and health interventions to tackle childhood obesity should be targeted at urban and deprived areas. These interventions could be tailored differently for boys and girls, as boys have a higher prevalence of obesity, suggesting that a one‐size‐fits‐all approach will not be effective.

Obesity, energy intake and physical activity in rural and urban New Zealand children
Rural and Remote Health 10 (online), 2010: 1336
Differences were found in body composition with rural children being leaner than urban children. This finding is different from other Western countries and may be due to differences in the physical and social environment in New Zealand. More research is required to understand these potential environmental rural–urban differences.

Relative contribution of energy intake and energy expenditure to childhood obesity: a review of the literature and directions for future research.
Int J Obes (Lond). 2010 Nov 30
On the basis of the current evidence, there is no consensus on the main driver of secular trends on weight gain among US children and adolescents. More research and better methods are needed to identify the relative contribution of energy intake and energy expenditure to obesity in the pediatric population.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes: American College of Sports Medicine and the American Diabetes Association: Joint Position Statement
This position stand discusses the benefits of physical training, along with recommendations for varying activities, PA‐associated blood glucose management, diabetes prevention, gestational diabetes, and safe and effective practices for PA with diabetes‐related complications.

DISABILITY/ACCESSIBILITY
Wheel map
"Wheelmap, a website (and also an associated iPhone app) specifically built to display and accumulate wheelchair accessibility information for points of interest (POIs) such as pubs, cafes, shops on OpenStreetMap. As you move around the map, an overlay highlights the POIs and color-codes their accessibility for wheelchair users.

HEALTH GENERAL
A Citizen’s Guide to Health Indicators
For individuals with an interest in health care and how to use health information, this resource provides an introduction to health indicators, what they are, where they come from, and how they can influence health care decisions and policies. The guide defines indicators as high-quality statistics or measures that help individuals understand and compare Canadians' health and health care.

Why is it difficult to implement e-health initiatives? A qualitative study
Implementation Science 2011, 6:6
doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-6
New technology was most likely to 'normalize' where implementers perceived that it had a positive impact on interactions between professionals and patients and between different professional groups, and fit well with the organizational goals and skill sets of existing staff. However, where implementers perceived problems in one or more of these areas, they also perceived a lower level of normalization.

MISCELLANEOUS
Health Communication Unit will be transitioning to the Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion

Tips for optimizing media interest in your work
A collection of new Fact Sheets have been designed to provide practical tips for optimising media interest in your work. The Engaging the Media fact sheet series will equip readers with techniques and tools to write catchy media releases and highlight how to turn research findings into a newsworthy story. Obtain your FREE copy of these new media resources by logging on to the Primary Health Care Research & Information Service website (Australia).

OLDER ADULTS
Exercise interventions to reduce fall-related fractures and their risk factors in individuals with low bone density: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
Osteoporos Int. 2009 Dec;20(12):2111-25
The authors concluded that exercise interventions can reduce falls, fall-related fractures and several risk factors for falls in individuals with low bone mineral density. The authors' conclusions reflected the evidence presented and are likely to be reliable, but should be interpreted with caution given the risk of error and bias in the review methods and the small sample sizes.

Finding Balance Fact Sheets
These resources have been translated into 10 different languages.

How to Get Up From a Fall
These resources have been translated into 10 different languages.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
New survey sheds more light on the barriers to physical activity
Almost a third of Britons are being put off being more physically active because of the financial cost, a survey for World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) has found.

PartcipACTION launches new commercials
Through a series of five 15-second television commercials, the Think Again campaign exposes common misconceptions about children's physical activity levels and reinforces the need for moms to get their children more active, every day.

Stepping Up: A Physical Activity Strategy for the Halifax Region
A physical activity strategy for Organizations across the Halifax region that aims to increase the number of area residents incorporating physical activity into their daily lives.

RESEARCH
Performance Management and Evaluation: What’s the Difference?
Funders increasingly require managers of social programs to provide information about their programs’ operations, including services provided, participation levels, outcomes, and effectiveness. As a result, organizations need the capacity to collect significant amounts of information. How managers use information once it has been collected varies across organizations.

Quasi-Experimental Evaluations
Although experimental studies are described as the “gold standard” for assessing the effectiveness of a program in changing outcomes, in some cases, quasi-experimental studies may be more feasible…..

RURAL
Adolescent health: a rural community's approach
Rural and Remote Health 5 (online), 2005: 366
Although a wide variety of research has been conducted on this topic among urban adolescents, less is known about the health beliefs and behaviors of adolescents residing in rural areas, particularly in Canada….. Building on the knowledge and understanding of their own community, key stakeholders were invited to engage in the design and implementation of a participatory action research project aimed at understanding and improving the health of rural adolescents.

Playing their part: the role of physical activity and sport in sustaining the health and well being of small rural communities
Rural and Remote Health 2 (online), 2002: 109
The authors suggest that physical activity and sport make a significant contribution to the health and wellbeing of rural people and their communities and suggest that further research is necessary to better define this apparent contribution.

URBAN DESIGN
How Walkable Communities Are Created
In a walkable community, it’s possible to walk safely and easily to places that are important in our daily lives, such as the grocery store, schools, workplaces and community services or facilities.

Street Design: Part 1—Complete Streets
Public Roads, Vol. 74, No.1. July/Aug. 2010 (online article)
In the first of a two-part series on street design, this article looks at how complete streets policies can help make the transportation system more accessible to all travelers.

Transport and health resource : delivering healthy local transport plans
Lots of good info/evidence here.