Friday

November 4, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

The Information Roundup will be back on November 18th

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Each link contains a map, route information, and photos as well as a description of the areas history, amenities and cultural significance. Be sure to take the time to explore this website – there are lots of great links to many active living/physical activity resources and programs in the left hand navigation column.

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011, 8:96 doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-96
This study analyzed monthly variation in active transportation for the US using National Household Travel Survey 2001 data. For each age group of children, adolescents, adults and elderly, logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of the odds of active transportation including gender, race/ethnicity, household income level, geographical region, urbanization level, and month.

CHILDREN
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011, 8:95 doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-95
Children's high recall of food and beverage company sport sponsors and their positive attitudes towards these sponsors and their promotions is concerning as this is likely to be linked to children's food preferences and consumption.

The Be Fit For Life Network has created the Move & Play through Physical Literacy cards to assist activity leaders interested in integrating Physical Literacy into a variety of programs, activities and environments. These cards are designed to be used in a variety of applications including the home, school or community settings. Over 75 cards are included in this set, focusing on Active Start, FUNdamentals, and Learn to Train stages of the Long Term Athlete Development Model.

This brief summarizes research on playgrounds and how playgrounds impact physical activity among children. For the purposes of this brief, a playground is defined as a small,  publicly owned, outdoor area that features play equipment and provides recreational physical activity for younger children.

A policy report from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011, 8:98 doi:10.1186/1479-5868-8-98
There is a large body of evidence from all study designs which suggests that decreasing any type of sedentary time is associated with lower health risk in youth aged 5-17 years. In particular, the evidence suggests that daily TV viewing in excess of 2 hours is associated with reduced physical and psychosocial health, and that lowering sedentary time leads to reductions in BMI.

COMMUNITY
Examines active living in the 20th century, and interactions of economy, community, and environment in building a healthy community, including healthy comunity principles, and focus on the whole community rather than just on specific problems.

This brief highlights findings about specific trail characteristics that appear to attract regular users and examines how trails influence physical activity among various populations.

MENTAL HEALTH
Mental Health and Physical Activity Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2011, Pages 23-29 doi:10.1016/j.mhpa.2011.01.002 
This qualitative research demonstrates that a physical activity programme integrated into the mental health service and supported by partnership working can address several of the unique barriers faced by this population.

MISCELLANEOUS
Looks at Canada’s public health challenges (the case of obesity), what recreation and parks have to offer, the healthy settings approach (nature and health).

This article will describe the key steps that are involved in conducting effective media advocacy campaigns and the relationship to other important activities such as coalition building and strategic planning.

The Media Network for HEAL supports more than 250 members including health practitioners, educators, consultants and volunteers working in the health industry across Ontario. We provide our members with daily media reports keeping them up to date on current media and policy issues…..

OLDER ADULTS
Journal of Aging Studies Volume 26, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 35-43 doi:10.1016/j.jaging.2011.07.001
Findings from this study provide perspectives of older adults themselves in identifying neighborhood physical and social environmental characteristics that have perceived or real influences on health promoting behaviors. The issue of residential density has emerged as a more complex reality than how it is typically perceived and conceptualized.

Journal of Urban Design Vol 16, Iss 4 pp 433-454 DOI:10.1080/13574809.2011.585847
The audit tool is useful in documenting walkable features in urban and suburban neighbourhoods with particular relevance to older adults’ needs.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Preventive Medicine In Press, Uncorrected Proof  doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.10.009
Sedentary behaviour is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors in older adults. ► These associations are more consistent when sedentary behaviour is measured by self-report including TV viewing. ► Cardiometabolic risk factors included BMI, waist circumference, cholesterol ratio, Hb1Ac and diabetes. ► Non-TV self-reported sedentary time is only associated with diabetes. ► Accelerometer measured sedentary behaviour is only associated with waist circumference

This article addresses basic information about how your immune system works; how exercise affects the immune system and how regular, moderate exercise can provide benefits to your immune system.

RESEARCH STUFF
Don’t forget to check this open access journal frequently! To find the archive, from the main page click on the purple “articles” tab and then click on the orange “archive” tab underneath.

URBAN DESIGN
Overview: 1) Considering built and social environments, including features of each, 2) Introduction to research projects in Alberta, 3) Reflections on key findings, such as facilitators and barriers to walking and physical activity, car culture, social spaces, etc., 4) Policy considerations – where to from here?

Read a perspective on quality urban planning for health from Professor Billie Giles-Corti.

This research synthesis reviews the sizable body of peer-reviewed and independent reports on the economic value of outdoor recreation facilities, open spaces and walkable community design. It focuses on “private” benefits that accrue to nearby homeowners and to other users of open space.

This recently developed tool for urban planners and others involved in urban design is now available online.

While urban designers, architects, and planners often encourage the use of aesthetic streetscape treatments to enhance the livability of urban streets, conventional transportation safety practice regards roadside features such as street trees as fixed-object hazards and strongly discourages their use. In this study, I examine the subject of livable streetscape treatments and find compelling evidence that suggests they may actually enhance the safety of urban roadways.

Journal of Urban Design Vol 16, Iss 4 pp 531-549  DOI:10.1080/13574809.2011.586239
Drawing on a review of international literature and practice, this paper compares the characteristics of cyclists with those of pedestrians and motorists, showing that cyclists have a substantial number of unique characteristics that warrant further investigation in terms of a special urban design response.

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