Friday

October 27, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Research sessions with primary school children (year 6; 10 and 11 year olds) has shown that young people are enthusiastic about activities such as cycling or walking to school and growing their own vegetables. For some aspects of activities young people showed awareness of health benefits, for other aspects benefit to the environment; but there was less knowledge of the combined benefits.

As any statistical analysis is only as good as the data being analyzed, one has to be grateful to City of Vancouver for tracking and publishing the bike lane statistics. If you want to look at the raw numbers, they can be found here.

CHILDREN
Prev Chronic Dis 2011;8(6):A131
Both modifiable and nonmodifiable factors were correlated with preschool children’s amount of MVPA, which can be helpful when designing interventions for this age group. The lack of correlates for sedentary time indicates the need for further investigation into this behavior.

The Health Survey for England is an annual survey undertaken since 1991. Since 1995 the survey has also covered children aged 2-15 years and children under 2 since 2002. The survey is commissioned by the Information Centre to monitor the health of the population.

Psychology of Sport and Exercise In Press, Accepted Manuscript
Mothers and fathers both play modest, yet significant roles in their adolescent’s leisure-time physical activity motivation. Additionally, physical education teachers, although not present in the leisure-time physical activity context, serve an equally important role in supporting adolescents’ leisure-time physical activity. Lastly, adolescent self-determined motivation for leisure-time physical activity is a strong determinant of self-reported leisure-time physical activity behavior.

Public Health In Press, Corrected Proof
Physical activity is an essential part of a healthy lifestyle in adolescence. Previous studies have shown physical activity to be associated with socio-economic status and self-esteem; the latter association may mediate the former, but evidence on this is lacking. The aim of this study was to explore the associations of socio-economic status and the self-esteem of adolescents with physical activity, and their joint effects.

CHRONIC DISEASE
The Alberta Diabetes Atlas provides information on the number of people living with diabetes in Alberta, their related health conditions, and the health services they use.

Newest Thematic Map from Statistics Canada

The American Journal of Cardiology In Press, Corrected Proof
In conclusion, the data show a correlation between physical activity and triglyceride reduction, apolipoprotein B reduction, high-density lipoprotein increase, change in low-density lipoprotein particle size, increase in tissue plasminogen activator activity, and decrease in coronary artery calcium. Further research is needed to elucidate the effect of physical activity on inflammatory markers and intima-media thickness.

This UK guidance is aimed at those working in national and local public health services. This includes: directors and commissioners, GPs, practice nurses, dietitians, public health nutritionists and other health professionals, as well as those involved in physical activity interventions and community engagement

COMMUNITY
Prev Chronic Dis 2011;8(6):A149.
Community audits have been used for epidemiologic studies and in program planning for health-promotion interventions. Few studies have detailed the methodology for conducting community audits in rural areas or the extent to which community audits can contribute to an accurate assessment of community characteristics (eg, presence of sidewalks) and nutrition and physical activity resources (eg, produce stands, parks) that may promote healthful lifestyle behaviors. The objective of this article is to describe our approach to conducting a community audit…..

This monograph provides a hands-on guide for professionals so they can do economic impact studies that measure the economic return residents receive on park and recreation department investments. These studies are relatively simple to do, and they do not require hiring external consultants. Park and recreation department personnel can do these studies in house at nominal cost in time and resources.

MENTAL HEALTH
New guidelines from the Mental Health Commission of Canada

OLDER ADULTS
Osteoarthritis and Cartilage In Press, Accepted Manuscript
A high age (hip OA), a high BMI (hip OA) and a low level of physical function (both hip and knee OA) are related to a low level of physical activity. However, the level of evidence was only limited. Before new strategies and interventions to increase physical activity in patients with OA can be developed, high quality longitudinal studies are needed to get more insight in the causality between factors and low levels of physical activity.

Activities coordinator Ed Dobski said residents whose hands are atrophied or unable to type on a keyboard or hold a mouse will swipe their hand across the tablet’s smooth glass…..

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Newest Thematic Map from Statistics Canada

From the WHO.  As part of this project, a good practice appraisal tool has been developed to assess good practice elements of design, monitoring, evaluation and implementation of preventive programs and interventions that aim to counteract obesity and improve nutrition and physical activity.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
A new September 2011 fact sheet from the WHO.

Physical activity is mentioned 15 times in this 26 page document.

Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine In Press, Uncorrected Proof
Objectives: Updating Baecke physical activity questionnaire in French, validating this version named AQAP and developing software for a personalized interpretation of the results.

Newest Thematic Map from Statistics Canada

The Health Survey for England is an annual survey designed to measure health and health related behaviours in adults and children living in private households in England. It has been undertaken since 1991. Since 1995 the survey has also included children aged 2-15 years, and since 2002 infants under 2 have been included. This is currently the most robust data source to monitor trends in adult obesity.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 41, Iss 5, Nov 2011, Pages 508-515
GPS is a promising tool for improving understanding of the spatial context of physical activity. The current findings suggest that the choice of an appropriate device and efforts to maximize participant adherence are key to improving data quality, especially over longer study periods.

URBAN DESIGN
Social Science & Medicine In Press, Accepted Manuscript
Neighborhood characteristics hypothesized to support more PA and less driving were associated with higher levels of CRF and lower BMI. Demonstration of an association between built environment characteristics and CRF is a significant advance over past studies based on self-reported PA. Nevertheless, stronger causal evidence depends on more robust study designs and sophisticated measures of the environment, behavior, and their physiological consequences.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 41, Iss 5, Nov 2011, Pages 504-507
Adults who move to a denser, mixed-use neighborhood increase their levels of walking for both recreation and transportation, decrease their automobile travel, and increase their use of public transportation.

The fact sheet discusses the health and safety benefits of Complete Streets by encouraging active transportation and making streets safe for all users.

The new manual provides a template for local jurisdictions to begin updating their existing design guidance, one of our four steps to effective implementation of Complete Streets policies.

WOMEN
American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 41, Iss 5, Nov 2011, Pages 473-479
Findings indicate that perceived proximity to shops/stores and access to recreation facilities are important correlates of physical activity for women, irrespective of region or sprawl.

WORKPLACE
It’s a good idea to keep healthy eating top-of-mind each time that you step out for a meal during work hours, or when you attend work-related meals or functions, such as business dinners or conference gatherings.

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