Friday

September 2, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
The series of six manuals contains information, tips, examples and ready-to-use charts that you can copy and use for yourself or to train others in your community. It is intended to be user-friendly, emphasizing questions such as what, why, when and how to accomplish the different steps of a community development project.

CHILDREN
Journal of Advanced Nursing Volume 67 Issue 2 Pgs 251-268
Computer- and web-based interventions can promote physical activity among preadolescents and adolescents, particularly in schools. However, further efforts are needed to sustain positive changes.

Obesity Reviews Volume 12 Issue 2  Pgs 114-130
Intervention effectiveness was favored when behavior change techniques spanned the spectrum of behavior change process. The review provides guidance for researchers to make informed decisions on how best to utilize resources in interventions to support and engage parents, and highlights a need for improvement in intervention content reporting practices.

It is the position of the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) that physical education is critical to educating the whole child, and that all students in grades K-12 should receive physical education on a daily basis.

OLDER ADULTS
Those working with older adults in long-term care, acute care, and home care will acquire the knowledge and skills needed to apply an evidence-based approach to the prevention of falls and fall-related injuries.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Volume 2011 Issue 7
Our results suggest a relatively small statistically significant, but possibly important, effect of exercise on bone density compared with control groups. Exercise has the potential to be a safe and effective way to avert bone loss in postmenopausal women.

NSW Public Health Bulletin 22(4) 78-83
This systematic review update includes 54 randomized controlled trials and confirms that exercise as a single intervention can prevent falls (pooled rate ratio 0.84, 95% CI 0.77–0.91).

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Vol 92, Iss 9, Sept 11, Pgs 1431-1436
Conclusions The FTSTS is a quick, easily administered measure that is useful for gross determination of fall risk in individuals with PD.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
3 funded projects:
1. Identifying causal effects of the built environment on physical activity, diet and obesity among children.  Dr. Jason Gilliland and team (University of Western Ontario)

2. A moving study: Physical Activity and diet before and after residential relocation. Dr. Lawrence Frank, Dr. Michael Brauer, and team (University of British Columbia)

3. TIME (Tools, Information, Motivation, Environment) for health: a multi-level intervention to promote healthy eating in children and their families. Dr. Sara Kirk and team (Dalhousie University)

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Volume 2011 Issue 4
Although numerous studies have been undertaken, there is a noticeable inconsistency of the findings of the available studies and this is confounded by serious methodological issues within the included studies. The body of evidence in this review does not support the hypothesis that multi-component community wide interventions effectively increase population levels of physical activity. There is a clear need for well-designed intervention studies and such studies should focus on the quality of the measurement of physical activity, the frequency of measurement and the allocation to intervention and control communities.

Journal of the American Dietetic Association Vol 111, Iss 9, Suppl 1, Sept 2011, Pg A13
Conclusion: Participants in the Healthy Body Program exhibited improvements in select diet self-regulation and physical activity outcome expectations. Twelve weeks may be an insufficient length of time for program-related changes in anthropometrics to occur.

A listing of interventions from around the world – grouped by population and setting.

The physical activity intervention strategies are described separately. Each of these strategies is most effective when it is combined with other strategies

RESEARCH STUFF
Implementation Science 2011, 6:83
doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-83
The objectives of this systematic review were: to identify self-report measures of research utilization used in healthcare, and to assess the psychometric properties (acceptability, reliability, and validity) of these measures.

Health Research Policy and Systems 2011, 9:26
doi:10.1186/1478-4505-9-26
How to assess the impact of research is of growing interest to funders, policy makers and researchers mainly to understand the value of investments and to increase accountability. Broadly speaking the term "research impact" refers to the contribution of research activities to achieve desired societal outcomes.

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