Thursday

September 15, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
Physical & Health Education Academic Journal, Vol 3, No 2 (2011)
By sharing what I have been taught, I hope physical educators will be inspired to create more inclusive and culturally affirming physical education climates for all youth, and in particular, for Aboriginal youth in Canada.  

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Presentations from the conference are now available to download online.

This page shows you ten real collision scenarios and real ways to avoid them.

During the recent National Safe Routes to Schools Conference in Minneapolis, BWTC's Steve Clark and Shaun Murphy from the City of Minneapolis led a tour (highlighting) bicycling design elements…. a version of this list was given to participants on the tour.

Be sure to open the OUTPUTS tab to download their reports to date.
This study looked into the reasons why people may or may not choose to ride bicycles or walk to their destinations. Their findings suggest that the perception of bicycling and walking as "abnormal" or "second class" is a roadblock, but building safer environments for walking and bicycling, lowering speed limits, and reducing trip distances are helping boost the number of people choosing to travel by those modes.

The overall objective of this project was to create a segmentation which differentiates between people with different walking behaviors. This segmentation could then be used to assist with policy development, marketing communications, and evaluation, by identifying where the potential for more walking exists.

CHILDREN
Physical & Health Education Academic Journal, Vol 3, No 1 (2011)
The negative relationship between mental health and various measures of PA is consistent, suggesting that policies and programs should promote mental health through PA.

Physical & Health Education Academic Journal, Vol 3, No 1 (2011)
the two-fold purpose of this study was to, 1) Explore elementary generalists’ perceptions related to integrating physical literacy concepts into their classrooms; and 2) Explore elementary generalists’ perceptions related to collaboration with physical education specialists.

Psychology of Sport and Exercise In Press, Corrected Proof
Parenting style may be a critical underlying family process variable that impacts children’s development of a positive constellation of beliefs about PA. Future work is needed to link parenting style and children’s PA beliefs to their PA behavior.

Physical & Health Education Academic Journal, Vol 3, No 2 (2011)
The purpose of this study was to examine teachers’ perceptions of the implementation of a CSH project, the Alberta Project Promoting active Living and healthy Eating in Schools (APPLE Schools).

Physical & Health Education Academic Journal, Vol 3, No 2 (2011)
The aim of this paper is to examine the perceptions of elementary school parents, teachers, and administrators concerning access to and opportunities for physical activity within school environments. Participants from ten public schools in western Canada completed a modified version of a physical activity school settings survey.

Physical & Health Education Academic Journal, Vol 3, No 1 (2011)
The purpose of this study was to conduct an extensive review and analysis of the Canadian scientific research published on CSH.

Pediatrics Vol. 128 No. 3 September 1, 2011
doi: 10.1542/peds.2010-3486
The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of a “walking school bus” program on children's rates of active commuting to school and physical activity. 

COMMUNITY
… transport and land use policy reforms can provide substantial health benefits by creating communities where residents drive less and rely more on alternative modes.

MENTAL HEALTH 
As most of us know, physical activity is an excellent way to maintain physical health. It is also an effective way to maintain mental health.

OLDER ADULTS
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia. Epidemiological studies suggest that physical activity can reduce the risk for developing dementia and can reduce impairment for those already living with Alzheimer’s.

A CCAA video about how to get and stay motivated to engage in a physical activity program for the 50 and better set!

Health & Place Volume 17, Issue 4, July 2011, Pages 885-894
We find that although certain aspects of ageing did lead participants to feel they had changing warmth needs, their practices were also shaped by the problematic task of negotiating identities in the context of a wider stigmatisation of older age and an evident resistance to ageist discourses.

Geriatric Nursing In Press, Corrected Proof
Ongoing use of the Housing Enabler to evaluate the fit between the environment and the person is recommended, as is using these findings to implement interventions to facilitate function and encourage residents to engage in physical activity.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Health & Place Volume 17, Issue 5, September 2011, Pages 1150-1161
This study examined relationships among individual demographics, environmental features of residential neighborhoods and activity spaces, and weight-related behaviors (diet, physical activity). Participants’ movement was tracked for 7 days using global positioning systems.

The Lancet, Early Online Publication, 16 August 2011
doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60749-6
They find that 15 min a day or 90 min a week of moderate-intensity exercise might be of benefit, even for individuals at risk of cardiovascular disease.

The NEW National Physical Activity Guidelines for Singapore provide practical guidance for apparently healthy adults and older adults on the types and volume of physical activities that prevent chronic disease, prolong life and enhance quality of life.

RESEARCH STUFF
To be held in São Paulo, Brazil from 6-8 October, 2011, and focus on Speculation and Evidence in Physical Activity and Sports. The program includes courses on strength training; physical activity and health; ageing and physical activity; and exercise physiology.

This latest issue looks at physical activity in an international context.

The Sport Pedagogy Network has been established to provide a forum for European researchers working in the academic spaces where education and sport come together. ‘Sport Pedagogy’ focuses on learning in, about and through sport/physical activity in a range of contexts including the school, community and family.

WORKPLACE
This guide provides easy to follow steps on creating a workplace that supports employees in leading healthy lifestyles, including how to get started, construct and implement a workplace health program.

Includes a chapter dedicated to physical activity. The aim of this report is to provide guidance, including recommendations regarding approaches and tools, suitable for employee level health needs assessment in the workplace. It is intended to be useful to those commissioning or providing work-related health programs.

This Australian information sheet outlines the effects sitting for too long has on your health and gives tips on how to decrease your sitting time.

Friday

September 2, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
The series of six manuals contains information, tips, examples and ready-to-use charts that you can copy and use for yourself or to train others in your community. It is intended to be user-friendly, emphasizing questions such as what, why, when and how to accomplish the different steps of a community development project.

CHILDREN
Journal of Advanced Nursing Volume 67 Issue 2 Pgs 251-268
Computer- and web-based interventions can promote physical activity among preadolescents and adolescents, particularly in schools. However, further efforts are needed to sustain positive changes.

Obesity Reviews Volume 12 Issue 2  Pgs 114-130
Intervention effectiveness was favored when behavior change techniques spanned the spectrum of behavior change process. The review provides guidance for researchers to make informed decisions on how best to utilize resources in interventions to support and engage parents, and highlights a need for improvement in intervention content reporting practices.

It is the position of the National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) that physical education is critical to educating the whole child, and that all students in grades K-12 should receive physical education on a daily basis.

OLDER ADULTS
Those working with older adults in long-term care, acute care, and home care will acquire the knowledge and skills needed to apply an evidence-based approach to the prevention of falls and fall-related injuries.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Volume 2011 Issue 7
Our results suggest a relatively small statistically significant, but possibly important, effect of exercise on bone density compared with control groups. Exercise has the potential to be a safe and effective way to avert bone loss in postmenopausal women.

NSW Public Health Bulletin 22(4) 78-83
This systematic review update includes 54 randomized controlled trials and confirms that exercise as a single intervention can prevent falls (pooled rate ratio 0.84, 95% CI 0.77–0.91).

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Vol 92, Iss 9, Sept 11, Pgs 1431-1436
Conclusions The FTSTS is a quick, easily administered measure that is useful for gross determination of fall risk in individuals with PD.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
3 funded projects:
1. Identifying causal effects of the built environment on physical activity, diet and obesity among children.  Dr. Jason Gilliland and team (University of Western Ontario)

2. A moving study: Physical Activity and diet before and after residential relocation. Dr. Lawrence Frank, Dr. Michael Brauer, and team (University of British Columbia)

3. TIME (Tools, Information, Motivation, Environment) for health: a multi-level intervention to promote healthy eating in children and their families. Dr. Sara Kirk and team (Dalhousie University)

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Volume 2011 Issue 4
Although numerous studies have been undertaken, there is a noticeable inconsistency of the findings of the available studies and this is confounded by serious methodological issues within the included studies. The body of evidence in this review does not support the hypothesis that multi-component community wide interventions effectively increase population levels of physical activity. There is a clear need for well-designed intervention studies and such studies should focus on the quality of the measurement of physical activity, the frequency of measurement and the allocation to intervention and control communities.

Journal of the American Dietetic Association Vol 111, Iss 9, Suppl 1, Sept 2011, Pg A13
Conclusion: Participants in the Healthy Body Program exhibited improvements in select diet self-regulation and physical activity outcome expectations. Twelve weeks may be an insufficient length of time for program-related changes in anthropometrics to occur.

A listing of interventions from around the world – grouped by population and setting.

The physical activity intervention strategies are described separately. Each of these strategies is most effective when it is combined with other strategies

RESEARCH STUFF
Implementation Science 2011, 6:83
doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-83
The objectives of this systematic review were: to identify self-report measures of research utilization used in healthcare, and to assess the psychometric properties (acceptability, reliability, and validity) of these measures.

Health Research Policy and Systems 2011, 9:26
doi:10.1186/1478-4505-9-26
How to assess the impact of research is of growing interest to funders, policy makers and researchers mainly to understand the value of investments and to increase accountability. Broadly speaking the term "research impact" refers to the contribution of research activities to achieve desired societal outcomes.