Friday

August 19, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
This certificate, unique in Canada, was jointly developed by the faculties of Native Studies and Physical Education and Recreation, and is embedded within a student’s degree program. It is designed to afford them a value-added boost to their degrees and deepen their knowledge of the emerging field of Aboriginal Peoples’ health and wellness through sport and recreation.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
The much celebrated Danish architect Jan Gehl, an expert on creating cities for people, writes some key observations about the quality of pedestrian environments and how it affects human behavior.

The Toronto Coalition for Active Transportation (TCAT), a project of Clean Air Partnership, is embarking on a major project to advance the study of complete streets and to support their implementation in communities across Ontario.

Michigan Department of Transportation has been conducting them for years, the number of training courses in bicycle planning – complete with putting transportation planners and engineers on the road on bikes – has doubled since 2008.

CHILDREN
Journal of Park and Recreation Administration Vol 29, No 2 (2011) » Larson

Results suggest that, contrary to popular beliefs, many children today are spending a substantial amount of time outdoors. However, the nature of children’s outdoor time may be changing. For example, playing or hanging out, physical activities, and technology-centered activities are more popular than nature-based activities. Electronic media consumption and parental involvement in outdoor recreation activities seem to be important factors influencing children’s time outdoors

A position paper of the National Intramural Sports Council of the National Association for Sport and Physical Education intended to provide teachers, school activity directors and administrators and program leaders with basic information for planning and implementing physical activity and intramural programming for children in grades K-12.

The physical activity standards are meant to ensure that all children and youth obtain at least 60 minutes of physical activity per day that includes a mixture of moderate and vigorous intensity activity as well as bone and muscle strengthening activities.

DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH
AJPH September 2011, Vol 101, No. 9
DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300217
Respondents who recognized a stronger role for social determinants of health and who saw social policy as health policy were more likely to be older, women, non-White, and liberal, and to have less education, lower income, and fair/poor health. Increasing public knowledge about social determinants of health and mobilizing less advantaged groups may be useful in addressing broad determinants of health.

HEALTHY EATING
Summertime in Alberta is a laid back time of year when summer festivals, vacations and travel time, barbecuing and outdoor adventures often dominate our days - No matter where you go or what your favourite summer activities are, eating healthily will help fuel your active lifestyle and help you enjoy the “great tastes of summer.”

MISCELLANEOUS
Working with members and partners involved in the “Kids on the Move” project, the World Heart Federation has produced four fact sheets to help members make the case for promoting healthy diet and physical activity as a priority for policy, school curricula, and community activity.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
This article compares the bias in self-reported height, weight and body mass index (BMI) in the 2008 and 2005 Canadian Community Health Surveys and the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey. The feasibility of using correction equations to adjust self-reported 2008 Canadian Community Health Survey values to more closely approximate measured values is assessed.

This article investigates the bias that exists when height, weight and BMI are based on parent-reported values. Factors associated with reporting error are used to establish the feasibility of developing correction equations to adjust parent-reported estimates.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
This report from the Trust for Public Land, details more than 75 innovative features and programs-including 14 case studies-that maximize a park's ability to promote physical activity and improve mental health.

Physical Activity Line (British Columbia)
The Physical Activity Line is your free resource for practical and trusted physical activity and healthy living information… Contact Us at No Cost Today! That's Correct, it's a FREE Service! CSEP Certified Exercise Physiologists® are available Monday to Friday 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM, to assist you with all of your physical activity related needs!

Eur J Public Health (2011) advance access
doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckr091
These findings suggest that emotional and practical support from the closest person may help the individual to maintain the recommended level of LTPA. Practical support also predicted a change towards a more active lifestyle.

Need a break from sitting at your desk for a few minutes? Adrian Bauman and Josephine Chau from the University of Sydney have created a new Scivee video about sitting and health and you might want to stand up to watch it!

URBAN DESIGN
An article coauthored by Dan Burden and Todd Littman
An aging population, rising fuel costs, congestion, health, and environmental concerns and changing consumer preferences are all increasing demand for walking, cycling, and public transit.

In October 2009 (the Aus Heart Foundation) commissioned a Newspoll telephone survey of approximately 1,400 people aged 18 years and over in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth to find out whether healthy neighbourhood features influence their decision about where to live

The website provides summary advice on design considerations for five aspects of the built environment and links to documents which provide detailed information. The aspects are (you’ll find links to each section in the left hand column):
* cities, towns and neighbourhoods
* walking and cycling routes
* public transport
* open space
* retail areas 

The focus of the Review is on the three key built environment domains that support human health:
1. The Built Environment and Getting People Active.
2. The Built Environment and Connecting and Strengthening Communities.
3. The Built Environment and Providing Healthy Food Options.
These built environment domains address three of the major risk factors for contemporary chronic disease - physical inactivity, social isolation and obesity

According to the study, transportation costs can be lower if neighborhoods enable their residents to live without owning a car. 'Our years of research show that transportation costs are a significant part of a household budget-sometimes exceeding housing expenses-and those costs vary significantly depending on where a person lives…..


Main webpage for NSW Planning and Infrastructure.  Has links to many resources to policy and legislation (including the position statement above).   Be sure to access the resources at pcal.nws.gov.au. as well.

To increase walking, a whole-of-community approach is required that combines multiple-level strategies: public education, changes to the built environment and strategies that create a positive social environment. Walking for recreation and walking for transport are influenced by different features of the environment…………..

The importance of quality, multi-modal streets is explained in a video from the Mid-Ohio Regional Planning Commission, whose comprehensive Complete Streets policy earned top marks in our Policy Analysis. With changing demands for housing and community options, the interviewed experts emphasize the need to change long-standing systems of transportation and land use planning and design to create walkable communities.

WOMEN
The human skeleton is constantly being restored and replaced. In growing children, bone formation exceeds bone loss. The two processes balance out in adulthood, but with advancing age, bone mass starts to decrease.
 

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