July 6, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

The plan exemplifies the proactive policy approaches the city is taking to encourage healthy active travel for all its residents.

A new study in the American Journal of Public Health says that Americans aren’t walking or cycling as much as we think they are. Even though transit use is up, active transportation has mostly stagnated.

The Design Guidelines for School Site and Adjacent Lands Planning (Guidelines) were developed for the purpose of encouraging and supporting children and their families to choose Active Transportation to and from school. Their focus is on the design of schools and their adjacent communities.

International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011, 8:39
Only distance was consistently found to be negatively associated with Active School Transport. Consistent findings of positive or negative associations were not found for land use mix, residential density, and intersection density.

This is the Web site for the now-concluded project entitled: Child and Youth Friendly Land Use and Transport Planning: Guidelines and Literature Review.  Specific Provincial reports can be found in the right hand column.

High school students nationwide are not getting enough daily physical activity, according to the CDC 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Study (NYPANS), a school-based study. The findings emphasize the need for youth to increase levels of physical activity.

The company will once again offer $1 million to encourage Canadians to lead, empower and support community initiatives across the country…. the fund enables individuals and groups to not only submit a community initiative for funding, but also become actively involved in making change happen.

Physical activity and healthy eating were the two priority areas most frequently represented in the network maps.

Network mapping and analysis helps groups look at how they are working together now, and how they might work together even more effectively to reach their specified goals.
Network mapping typically does not create an inventory of community assets. It assumes this has already been done. Other processes, such as community mapping, asset mapping, stakeholder analysis are effective tools at that stage.

This report provides the highlights from that background report. All of the information contained in this report is drawn from, and referenced in, that background report. This report, and the background report, have been produced as tools for public health professionals who are interested in improving health as it is affected by the built environment.

This report examines the ways in which ten public health units in Ontario are working to influence land use and transportation planning processes to help create healthy and sustainable communities. It is intended as a tool for professionals in the public health sector.

Do your community events encourage healthy living?  Does your community bring families together to eat and participate in activities? Are you concerned about keeping everyone healthy? If so, here are some tips you can try:

The Government of Canada is looking to support projects that encourage seniors to remain active in their communities. This NHSP is a federal Grants and Contributions program that supports projects led or inspired by seniors who make a difference in their communities and in the lives of others.”

J Aging and PA Volume 19, Issue 3, July pp. 225 - 238
Exercise is discussed in only 13% of visits with older adults and female physicians are significantly more likely to discuss exercise than their male counterparts. Exercise is also more likely to be discussed with patients with higher levels of education and higher physical health scores.

Accident Analysis & Prevention Volume 43, Issue 5, September 2011, Pages 1605-1609
The response rate was 67.6%. Only 8% of responding physicians based their fall prevention practices on clinical guidelines from any recognized organizations. Frequently reported barriers included a lack of time during visits, more pressing issues, and a lack of educational materials.

Food Quality and Preference Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
We performed a systematic review of the associations between objective spatial measurements of the actual built environment and weight status in youth.… A challenge lies in better understanding the complex pathways through which the built environment, the socio-economic context impact childhood weight status, taking into account collective social functioning and individual perceptions.

BioMed Central  Public Health 2011, 11:148
A cohort of adults, randomly sampled from the Calgary metropolitan area, completed postal surveys in winter and summer 2008. Both winter and summer versions of the survey included questions on dog-ownership, walking for recreation, and walking for transportation in residential neighbourhoods.

This toolkit offers ten plain language resources for practitioners to use when working with their clients.  Each resource in the toolkit has been designed to help facilitate the physical activity counselling process. Practitioners can use these resources as handouts and refer to them online. Each resource has been reviewed and endorsed by the Alberta CSEP (Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology).

Social Science & Medicine Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
The results indicate that there is a time trade-off between non-market work, market work, and the frequency of physical activity participation. This effect is moderated by gender. For example, dependent children have a larger negative effect on the frequency of physical activity participation for women. Education and marriage have a larger negative effect on the frequency of participation for men. The findings suggests that policies which make exercise more convenient, and hence decrease the opportunity cost of exercise, will help to encourage more frequent participation in physical activity for working adults.

ACSM'S Health & Fitness Journal: Jan/Feb 2011 - Volume 15 - Issue 1 - pp 41-43
doi: 10.1249/FIT.0b013e318201d199
Integrating a focused effort to reduce prolonged sitting time as a component of a comprehensive health promotion program is a good idea. It supports the overall program objectives and is consistent with the larger vision of improving employee health.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: Post Acceptance, 8 June 2011
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182251060
The OSPAQ has excellent test-retest reliability and moderate validity for estimating time spent sitting and standing at work and is comparable to existing occupational physical activity measures for assessing time spent walking at work.

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