Thursday

July 21, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.
 
ABORIGINAL
First Nations, Inuit & Métis supplement for the Everybody Gets to Play Community Mobilization Toolkit
This Tool Kit was developed to provide specific information about First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples because of the unique history and circumstances faced by Aboriginal peoples in Canada. The Tool Kit and this Supplement provide you with tools and information needed to mobilize your community to reduce barriers to recreation participation for First Nations, Inuit, and Métis families.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Carmageddon: Bicyclists declare victory in race with JetBlue flight
The six bicyclists racing a JetBlue flight from Burbank to Long Beach Saturday proved the power of the pedals, beating the flight by a long shot.

Communities in Motion - Bringing Active Transportation to Life
People are quick to agree that active transportation is vital to sustainable, healthy communities. It’s easy to see why — when people walk and cycle, they create desirable neighbourhoods with less traffic, livelier streets and cleaner air. Every year, more Canadian communities are making active transportation a priority and enjoying the benefits.

Even in the most extreme winter weather, many Minnesotans have no problem walking or pedaling to work and school. It’s part of the reason — along with forward-thinking public policy and corporate culture — that Minnesota is a national leader in bicycling and walking…This report highlights non-motorized transportation’s history in Minnesota, the state’s progress and ways for policymakers to move forward on 21st century transportation infrastructure.

Researched by a multi-disciplinary team of experts from the University of the West of England and Cavill Associates, the report brings together and evaluates the multiple health, economic, social and environmental benefits of investment in walking friendly public spaces.

This research paper focuses on identifying means to reduce pedestrian delay. Micro-simulation modeling has shown that reducing pedestrian delay at signalized intersections is possible and beneficial during the middle of the day when pedestrian volumes are highest. Most of the hurdles to achieving reduced delays seem to come down to technology challenges and inefficient road management policy.

A website of the American Heart Association.  Lot of links, information and resources about walking and physical activity for individuals, communities and workplaces.

This document is broken down into 3 chapters.  Chapter 2 explores policies that can enhance community design in order to promote safe and active transportation...these policies can lead to changes in the shape and nature of our communities, so that active transportation can become a more attractive and viable option for all Americans.

CHILDREN
How Physical Activity Shapes, and is Shaped by, Adolescent Friendships
Social Science & Medicine, In Press, Accepted Manuscript
doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.06.023 
These findings show that there is a mutually dependent relationship between adolescent friendship networks and PA; they highlight how novel network-based strategies may be effective in supporting young people to be physically active.

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Article in Press, Corrected Proof
doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2011.05.011
Adolescents living in major cities self-reported 11–29 min less moderate to vigorous physical activity each day than their counterparts living in geographically more remote areas, and took 150–850 fewer steps each day. While there were no differences in time spent in sport or active transport, differences in free play participation were significant.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Policy, Location, and Access in Community Environments (PLACE)
The purpose of the Policy, Location, and Access in Community Environments (PLACE) research lab is to contribute to a better understanding of the people-policy-place relationships in chronic disease interventions and prevention initiatives. Work in the PLACE lab involves community-based research, qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and GIS mapping.

COMMUNITY
Everybody Gets to Play – Community Mobilization Toolkit
An easy-to-use resource designed to help recreation practitioners and volunteers mobilize communities to reduce barriers to recreation. Must be ordered – costs $.

By interviewing people making a difference in their communities across Canada, Siri Agrell attempts to answer the question: what makes a Canadian community great?

HEALTH GENERAL
National Prevention Strategy: America Plan for Better Health and Wellness
Preventing disease requires more than providing people with information to make healthy choices. While knowledge is critical, communities must reinforce and support health, for example, by making healthy choices easy and affordable. We will succeed in creating healthy community environments when...

OLDER ADULTS
Aging in Place, Stuck Without Options
By 2015, more than 15.5 million Americans 65 and older will live in communities where public transportation service is poor or non-existent...this report outlines policies to help ensure that older Americans can remain mobile, active and independent.

A U.S. national survey of more than 10,000 local governments that follows up on a 2005 survey that assessed the “aging readiness” of communities. The report states that transportation has risen from a mix of “other concerns” in 2005 to the “top three challenges” communities cite in meeting and planning for the needs of older adults.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
F as in Fat: How Obesity Threatens America’s Future
This is the eighth annual edition of the F as in Fat report, which tracks trends in obesity rates and policies aimed at addressing the epidemic.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
The Benefits of Physical Activity for Health and Well-being
The purpose of this review is to provide a snapshot of the scientific evidence of the benefits of physical activity on health and well-being, focusing particularly on the prevention of noncommunicable and to present case studies of ‘what works’ in different settings and contexts.

This document is divided into two sections. Part A provides Key Messages and Guiding Principles together with clear Calls for Action to improve nutrition and increase physical activity. Part B presents an overview of the available evidence of nutrition, physical activity and NCDs, and of effective policies and interventions to reduce the common risk factors

New place to find the latest resources and news in the sector.  Developed by the Saskatchewan Parks and Recreation Association.

Rather than a prescriptive list of required actions, general steps and suggestions are provided in this guide to accommodate the unique aspects of communities and their resources.

Includes 4 case studies specific to physical activity.  All involve a wide range of organizations and individuals, and (they) have selected examples of interventions from a range of settings – schools, healthcare centres, workplaces and local communities.

RURAL
Improving Travel Options in Small and Rural Communities
This guide is intended to help practitioners - engineers, planners, health professionals, economic development officials and others - to improve travel options for residents of small and rural communities. This includes a range of actions that make personal transportation activities more sustainable - encouraging drivers to operate their cars more efficiently, or to leave their cars at home and walk, cycle, take transit or carpool instead.

URBAN DESIGN
Built Environment: Population Health Intervention Research Strategic Initiative
...three new research initiatives studying how the design of neighbourhoods impact obesity.  The studies were funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada (HSFC).

Four Alberta community projects are presented: Bonnyville, Medicine Hat and Redclife, North Central Edmonton and St. Paul.

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