Thursday

July 14, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Creating Bicycle Friendly Communities just got easier thanks to a U.S.-based program that is now available for the first time in Canada. Brought to Canada by the Share the Road Cycling Coalition, (SRCC) an Ontario-based non-profit organization which promotes bicycling as a mode of transportation, recreation and fitness through provincial advocacy….

We used the index to create bikeability maps that identify areas more and less conducive to cycling, using Metro Vancouver as a case study…..

This report sets out the arguments and evidence for investing in the walking environment… The report also presents several evaluated case studies of completed walking environment schemes from the UK and internationally.

Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2198 contains 17 papers incorporating bicycle and pedestrian topics in university transportation courses, high-visibility school crosswalks, safety effectiveness of leading pedestrian intervals, driver and pedestrian behavior at uncontrolled crosswalks, pedestrian traffic flow in confined passageways, roadway intersection characteristics and pedestrian crash risk, and pedestrian-vehicle conflicts."

CHILDREN
Obes Rev. 2011 May;12(5):e130-42
doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00784.x.
This review of reviews adds to the literature by providing a comprehensive synthesis of factors related to physical activity and dietary behaviors that could be targeted in interventions.

…..published to help local communities and schools create, enact and implement policies which will support active and healthy community environments that encourage safe walking and bicycling and physical activity by children through a "Health in All Policies" approach. The guide was made possible due to funding from the CDC and APHA.

CHRONIC DISEASE
It is free to download the .pdf of the report.
Physical activity is mentioned 29 times and physical inactivity is mentioned 13 times.
This report provides information about the prevalence of those chronic diseases for which behavioral changes, or increased screening practices, can reduce onset, assist in management, or prevent death.

MENTAL HEALTH
Mental Health and Physical Activity Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
According to the investigated model, increased levels of physical activity may be beneficial for global self-worth in male and female adolescents by enhancing their perceptions of physical self-esteem.

MISCELLANEOUS
As pass holders, new citizens from anywhere in Canada can visit hundreds of attractions across the country including museums, galleries, provincial parks and discovery centres for free for one year from the time they become a Canadian citizen.

OLDER ADULTS
This review is focused on the relationship between physical activity and functional outcomes for older adults (>65 years of age, but <85 years of age) in the general "community-dwelling" population.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Obes Rev. 2011 May;12(5):e183-9
doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00827.x.
This paper reports on a systematic review of quantitative research examining the association between objectively measured access to greenspace and (i) Physical activity, (ii) Weight status and (iii) Health conditions related to elevated weight

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
This web site is designed to provide the updated 2011 Compendium of Physical Activities and additional resources. The 2011 update identifies and updates MET codes that have published evidence to support the values. In addition, new codes have been added to reflect the growing body of knowledge and popular activities.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: POST ACCEPTANCE, 15 June 2011
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31821ece12
The Compendium of Physical Activities was developed to enhance the comparability of results across studies using self-report physical activity (PA) and is used to quantify the energy cost of a wide variety of PAs. We (the authors) provide the second update of the Compendium, referred to as the 2011 Compendium.

The toolkit specifically aims to help clubs increase the involvement of women and girls, Aboriginal people and people from culturally diverse communities. The tools, actions and resources provided in this toolkit help clubs build on their existing strengths.

The four UK Chief Medical Officers(CMO)  have published new physical activity guidelines covering early years (under 5’s not yet walking and walking); children and young people; adults; and older adults.

Includes evidence for physical activity interventions – see the blue text box on the second page.

Tips sheets on how to add activity to your day. Tips for all 4 age categories from the Public Health Agency of Canada.

URBAN DESIGN
Neighborhoods that make healthy options affordable, attractive and convenient make it much easier to live a healthy lifestyle. For example, people who live in neighborhoods with nearby shops and services, safe pedestrian and bicycle paths, and transit access can make walking and biking a part of their daily lives. Not only is this kind of neighborhood more attractive, it can also help reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases…..

WORKPLACE
This article offers some helpful tips to help you gear up for the “fun and adventure” of biking to work! Use the following tips and discussion points to help you develop your own “active commuting” plan.

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