Friday

June 3, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
A comprehensive website with lots of links to all kinds of great information and resources.

Transport Policy Article in Press, Corrected Proof
Results show that, in average, a transit trip involves 1250 steps, required to access and egress the network as well as to transfer between routes or modes. Thus, a round trip represents 2500 steps, which account for 25% of the recommended volume of physical activity per day.

The purpose of this tool is twofold; it serves to both recognize existing walkable communities and to provide a framework for communities seeking to improve their walkability…… Recognizing that there are many ways to achieve these outcomes, the range of questions in this tool attempts to capture the variety of factors that affect walkability.

CHILDREN
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Article in Press, Corrected Proof
Other results were mixed but it was found physical activity predicted BMI at 14 years. Increased screen time predicted higher BMI and lower physical activity at 8, 10 but not 14 years.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Chronic Disease Infobase profiles the epidemiology of major non-communicable diseases in Canada, including the most current cancers; and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases; by province/territory and by regional health unit. Demographic, mortality, morbidity, risk factor and related health care data are currently available. It uses advanced information technology to provide dynamic access to an extensive database. Every page that is generated retrieves data from the database on the fly, which means that every time you come back, you may get new information….

This guidance is aimed at those working in national and local public health services…It may also be of interest to members of the public.  NICE's recommendations aim to help prevent type 2 diabetes among populations and communities of adults who are at high risk. Risk factors include being overweight or obese and whether or not someone is physically active.

Psychology of Sport and Exercise Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Highlights: a high proportion of pupils presented a distorted view and is dissatisfied with body image. Dissatisfaction with body image is correlated with body mass index percentile. Physical activity has a protective effect on dissatisfaction with of body image.

MENTAL HEALTH
Journal of Psychosomatic Research Article in Press, Corrected Proof
doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2011.04.001
The authors conclude that physical exercise is beneficial to mental health, but it remains uncertain whether this association truly reflects a causal effect of exercise.

OLDER ADULTS
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Article in Press, Corrected Proof
This Position Statement from Exercise and Sports Science Australia provides safe, evidence-based guidance for exercise practitioners and health professionals on exercise prescription for the prevention of falls in older adults living in the community.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
This briefing paper aims to provide a guide to current best available evidence around brief interventions for weight management with adults. ‘Brief interventions’ are interventions that are limited by time and focused on changing behaviour – often to a few minutes per session. The focus of this paper is on face-to-face consultations that are conducted in settings such as primary care.

BioMed Central Nutrition Journal 2011, 10:9
doi:10.1186/1475-2891-10-9
A growing trans-disciplinary movement called Health at Every Size (HAES) shifts the focus from weight management to health promotion. The primary intent of HAES is to support improved health behaviors for people of all sizes without using weight as a mediator; weight loss may or may not be a side effect.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Ageing Research Reviews Article in Press, Uncorrected Proof
The most important result is that there are multiple studies reporting positive lifestyle changes in an older population. On average, complex interventions, whether they present tailored or generic information, and online or offline comparison, are more effective than interventions with only one component. Internet mediated interventions hold great potential in implementing effective lifestyle programs, capable of reaching large populations of older persons at very low costs.

The report shows low self-reported levels of physical activity in Toronto’s youth and adults. Below-average rates of physical activity persist among women and girls, newcomers, and persons in lower income groups. More research is needed to better understand how social context creates barriers to increased physical activity among some groups.

The secret to getting fit for free is to use every opportunity to be active. Armed with a bit of get-up-and-go and good planning, you can be fitter than ever without spending a penny.

Ideas for office workers, new parents, retired people and children to build exercise and fitness into their day.

Often patients drift between physiotherapists and fitness instructors seeking advice on exercise, so it's important for each professional to make it clear to a patient when it would be more appropriate to see a colleague.

The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy and The Fitness Industry Association have prepared the following exercise referral recommendations for GPs, to clarify the two professions' respective roles when supporting a patient to undertake exercise and establish a sustainable active lifestyle.

Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Corrected Proof
The objective of this study was to describe the worldwide prevalence of physical inactivity and to analyze its association with development level of each country.

Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
This commentary offers a discussion of the paper above.  These authors conclude that the article provides context to help build the case for better public health organization and effort to tackle physical inactivity at a worldwide level.

URBAN DESIGN
The new Complete Streets approach puts pedestrians, bicyclists and transit users on equal footing with motor-vehicle drivers. The initiative aims to improve the quality of life in Boston by creating streets that are both great public spaces and sustainable transportation networks. It embraces innovation to address climate change and promote healthy living.

New York City's Complete Streets approach is celebrated in a new video from Streetfilms.org. Though the treatments highlighted are decidedly urban, they show the diversity in Complete Streets approaches and zero in on the core of the Complete Streets concept: creating streets that satisfy the needs of many users that are appropriate to the community context; streets that not only move people, but also providing increased access to destinations; and enabling vibrant communities that encourage people to live active, healthy lifestyles, regardless of age or ability. The interviews of everyday New Yorkers exemplify the broad base of support for these kinds of changes found in communities of all sizes.

Journal of the American Planning Association, 77: 1, 69 — 88
DOI: 10.1080/01944363.2011.536101
This study finds that the factors associated with a vehicle crashing into a pedestrian and cyclist are largely the same as those resulting in a crash with another vehicle. Designs that balance the inherent tension between vehicle speeds and traffic conflicts can be used to enhance the safety of pedestrians, cyclists, and motorists alike.

WORKPLACE
This article gives you information about: Why sitting is bad for your back; Exercise balls: Busting some myths; The benefits of exercise balls and Safety issues.

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