June 17, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

This four-page report describes the health benefits of active transportation in New York City. The analysis indicates that people who commute by walking, cycling or public transit achieve about twice as total exercise as automobile commuters, and so are much more likely to achieve physical activity targets. This survey can be a model for use in other communities interested in tracking physical fitness and health.

International Journal of Nursing Studies Volume 47 Issue 12 Pages 1545-1561
The results of this review provide evidence of the beneficial effects of walking on lowering blood pressure. Recommendations on lowering blood pressure with a walking activity should address the issue of walking intensity to achieve a beneficial effect on lowering blood pressure.

Health & Place Volume 17, Issue 4, July 2011, Pages 895-901
Resident perceptions of neighbourhood walkability, physical activity opportunities, food choice and factors influencing choice of neighbourhood were examined through focus group discussion in higher and lower walkability neighbourhoods.

This articles talks about the different kinds of physical activity, how much activity you need to do to be healthy, and how to boost your physical activity levels, for your own benefit!

APAQ Volume 28, Issue 3, July
Preschoolers with developmental delay (DD) are at risk for poor fundamental movement skills (FMS), but a paucity of early FMS interventions exist. The pur­pose of this review was to critically appraise the existing interventions to establish direction for future trials targeting preschoolers with DD.

Free cell phone apps to eat healthy and manage high blood pressure.

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Article in Press, Corrected Proof
Based on the evidence, it is recommended that patients with T2DM or pre-diabetes accumulate a minimum of 210 min per week of moderate-intensity exercise or 125 min per week of vigorous intensity exercise with no more than two consecutive days without training….. It is further recommended that two or more resistance training sessions per week (2–4 sets of 8–10 repetitions) should be included in the total 210 or 125 min of moderate or vigorous exercise, respectively. It is also recommended that, due to the high prevalence and incidence of comorbid conditions in patients with T2DM, exercise training programs should be written and delivered by individuals with appropriate qualifications and experience to recognise and accommodate comorbidities and complications.

A new report prepared jointly by the World Health Organization and the World Bank finds that some 785 million people have a significant physical or mental disability, including about 5 percent of children. Researchers point out that even simple fixes like curb cuts - a common feature in complete streets - will help spur more equitable, prosperous societies.

The majority of factors affecting health are complex and intertwined, requiring the problem-solving skills of multiple government departments across all levels of government, together with the community and private sectors. This is commonly referred to as a whole-of-government approach.

From the NHS (UK).  The objective of this paper is to support public health practitioners who wish to gain a greater understanding of these issues. It presents new analyses of knowledge and attitudinal data on physical activity and dietary intake from national sources and investigates factors that may be mediators of behaviour change

J. Epidemiology Community Health. 2011 Jun;65(6):548-55. Epub 2011 Mar 22.
Conclusion School friendships may be critical in shaping young people's eating behaviours and bodyweight and/or vice versa, and suggests the potential of social-network-based health promotion interventions in schools.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011 Apr 11;8:28
Conclusion: Further research on both effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of lifestyle interventions targeting physical activity and eating habits in persons with severe mental disorders is required to assist in the development of new health promotion interventions in this population.

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Apr;59(4):704-16. Epub 2011 Mar 25.
doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03323.x.
Although there were some positive studies, the panel did not find sufficient evidence that physical activity or exercise improved cognition in older adults. Future research should report exercise adherence, use longer study durations, and determine the clinical relevance of measures used.

Aging & Mental Health Volume 14 Issue 6 Pages 652-669
Mental well-being in later life is modifiable through exercise and physical activity.

This evidence resource has been developed specifically to assist those working in local government with policy and practice-level decisions broadly related to obesity prevention. It contains three evidence summaries providing an up-to-date overview of the best available research evidence around 'what works' in tackling the determinants of obesity with recommendations for action and building the evidence-base.

CS4L and B2ten have collaborated to launch the Active for Life website to promote physical literacy, development of fundamental movement and sport skills, and life-long physical activity.

To celebrate June is Recreation and Parks Month, ARPA and Communities ChooseWell invite all ChooseWell communities to get moving by participating in a brand new initiative called Acts of Random Physical Activity.

Annals of Internal Medicine Volume 153 Issue 11 pgs736-750
The purpose of this work was to assist the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force in updating its previous recommendations by systematically reviewing trials of physical activity or dietary counseling to prevent cardiovascular disease.

Health Educ. Res. (2011) 26 (2): 308-322.
doi: 10.1093/her/cyr005
This meta-analysis provides evidence for which psychological techniques are most effective for changing self-efficacy and physical activity.

ITE Journal, April, pp. 36-43
Aging population; rising fuel costs; congestion, health, and environmental concerns; and changing consumer preferences are all increasing demand for walking, cycling, and public transit. These trends indicate that an integrated multimodal transportation system is required if we are to meet future travel demands.

The American Public Health Association (APHA) has developed a free, online toolkit to help public health work with transportation professionals to ensure that transportation decision-making emphasizes public health concerns. Its valuable tips on messaging will be of use to any Complete Streets advocate.

Health & Place Volume 17, Issue 4, July 2011, Pages 971-977
Urban planners should not be discouraged to build high-walkable environments, but next to objective walkability, environmental perceptions should also be considered to achieve neighborhood satisfaction.

Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Corrected Proof
Whilst evidence mounts of built environment correlates to physical activity, the demonstrated translation of these effects on BMI remain more elusive. Nevertheless, built environment factors that constrain physical activity warrant further exploration.

Preventive Medicine Volume 51 Issue 5 Pages 352-356
Currently, there is a dearth of evidence on the effectiveness of workplace interventions for reducing sitting. In light of the growing body of evidence that prolonged sitting is negatively associated with health, this highlights a gap in the scientific literature that needs to be addressed.

Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Corrected Proof
These findings suggest that providing male employees with support for short physical activity breaks during work hours, and female employees with information on benefits of this behaviour may be useful for reducing workplace sedentary time. 

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