Thursday

May 19, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Cycling can be seen as being Competitive, Recreational or Functional. Consequently, there are three types of Cycling. This document deals with one of these, namely with Functional Cycling.

A study undertaken by the School of Public Health at the University of Alberta looking at the Avenue Communities Walking Map that was released this past summer. The study showed some really positive indicators around the maps encouraging people to get out walking and connect with their communities.

This Project (PQN) was established to innovate policy development thinking and to show how policy could be developed to address the needs of pedestrians. The documents sets out specific recommendations for professionals and policy makers on all levels – from small communities, to larger cities right to the national and international government levels.

CHILDREN
American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 40, Issue 6, June 2011, Pages 645-658
Few of the variables studied were consistently associated with changes in physical activity, although some were similar to those identified in cross-sectional studies. The heterogeneity in study samples, exposure and outcome variables, and the reliance on self-reported physical activity limit conclusions and highlight the need for further research to inform development and targeting of interventions.

Sip Smart! BC is an informative, fun and interactive learning model that provides Grade 4-6 students, teachers and parents with relevant information about healthy beverages.

CHRONIC DISEASE
WHO April 2011
Four groups of diseases accounted for approximately 80% of all NCD deaths: cardiovascular diseases (17 million people annually), cancer (7.6 million), respiratory disease (4.2 million) and diabetes (1.3 million). These NCDs share four (sic) risk factors:
•physical inactivity
•harmful use of alcohol
•poor diet

COMMUNITY
Based in Redding California (they) have put together a great document explaining the seven reasons why they initiated such a program. It’s a great resource for any community looking to start their own open street program.  

DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH
The challenge for the next generation of advocates is to continue the work of determining what barriers exist in addressing the social determinants of health, why they exist and how to overcome them. Not a simple task by any means, but current experts in the field have developed a foundation upon which to work.

HEALTH GENERAL
The Lancet, Volume 377, Issue 9775, Pages 1438 - 1447, 23 April 2011
doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60393-0

This is worth reading as an important distillation of prevention thought, but one which delivers a model that does not substantially include physical activity.

The Lancet NCD Action Group and the NCD Alliance propose five overarching priority actions for the response to the crisis….  The paper describes the burden attributable to chronic disease clearly, and in ways that are useful particularly to low and middle income countries.

OLDER ADULTS
A presentation from the National Council on Aging 2011 Aging in America conference on hot topics in the field.  Drawing from our collective experiences with evidence-based healthy aging programming, national experts, NCOA staff, and attendees consider what we have learned, where we have succeeded, and what needs to be done.

The focus of this campaign is to inform the media, marketers, families and individuals about the untapped human potential associated with aging…… An overarching goal of the Changing the Way We Age® campaign is to effect a shift in society’s perceptions of aging, which in many cases focus on decline and diminished value.

American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry Published ahead of print
doi: 10.1097/JGP.0b013e318211c219
FINDINGS: At baseline, none of the participants showed signs of clinical dementia. Over up to eight years of follow-up, 180 developed Alzheimer’s disease. Those who did tended to have more constricted life spaces. People with a life space restricted to their immediate home environment at the start of the study were almost twice as likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease as those who traveled out of town. Confinement to the home was also associated with an increased risk of mild cognitive impairment.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Being physically active with your partner, your children, grandparents, cousins and other relatives is a great idea! All family members can get health benefits by being more active. Plus, the more time you spend with family members, the stronger your family connections will become. 

RESEARCH STUFF
In order to be eligible for the Prize, candidates must hold an academic or clinical-academic appointment at a North American university and be conducting research in a university or hospital setting. 

URBAN DESIGN
Health & Place Article in Press, Corrected Proof
Designing walkable neighborhoods may help to increase adults' PA, even in those for whom walkability is an important criterion when choosing their neighborhood. However, findings from studies with longitudinal and controlled designs are required to provide more strongly causal evidence.

WOMEN
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics Article in Press, Corrected Proof
It was concluded that the 16-week program of RT was not enough to influence the perception of QoL in postmenopausal women, despite significant changes in muscle strength and in the “energy” facet of the physical domain. We suggest further studies with an extended intervention time and an increased number of participants, considering the changes promoted by RT on the analyzed variables.

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