Friday

May 13, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
When effectively integrated with transit services, considerable room exists for bicycling to realize various benefits to communities. A successful marriage between bicycling and transit will likely increase the use and efficiency of both modes. A core problem, however, exists in that the predominant approach for integrating bicycles and transit—bicycles aboard transit vehicles—frequently runs up against capacity restraints. Integrating bicycling and transit requires analysis of a broad range of alternatives that considers both the travel patterns and needs of individuals but also accompanying urban form characteristics. What are the most cost effective strategies likely to generate the largest number of cyclists accessing transit?

The study is an update of a similar one conducted in 1999. The current iteration looks at who is riding (age, gender, income, race), what happens when they ride (safety and injuries), where they are riding (miles of paths, bicycle boulevards, separated facilities), how many are riding (mode share), and how riders are being supported (transit connections, policies, program support). Trends for nine large North American cities are examined.

Over the past 20 years, more commuters in urban areas like Tokyo have been switching gears and choosing to bicycle to work instead of using trains and cars, citing concerns for health, environment, costs and an escape from packed trains. The catastrophe last month has now converted some of the holdouts by proving one more benefit to cycling: you have a means to go home when the trains stop moving……

CHILDREN
JPAH Volume 8, Issue 4, May 2011
Active commuting was associated with greater MVPA and lower measures of adiposity among US youth. Before- and after-school MVPA mediated the relationships between active commuting and waist circumference.

Physical Health & Education (PHE) Canada, the Canadian Parks and Recreation Association (CPRA), and the Alberta Recreation and Parks Association have recently partnered with a number of other organizations in support of the Active Healthy Living After School Pan Canadian Framework.

Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice Article in Press, Corrected Proof
This paper is a review of studies published during the last several years on exercise effects on overweight, growth, chronic illnesses, depression and anxiety in children and adolescents…..the current literature highlights the importance of adding exercise programs to clinics, schools and families for the physical and psychological well-being of children and adolescents.

The membership of the Alberta Recreation and Parks Association was asked to prepare a strategy and recommendations on how to most effectively and sustainably expand After School recreation programs across Alberta.

COMMUNITY
This handbook from the Ontario Chronic Disease Alliance is for anyone who wants to advance health policy in their community or encourage change at the local level.

This toolkit from the Ontario Chronic Disease Alliance is for anyone who wants to advance health policy in their community or encourage change at the local level.

OLDER ADULTS
Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Article in Press, Uncorrected Proof
The main objective was to evaluate the prevalence of the fear of falling among elderly fallers. The secondary objectives were to determine the factors associated with the fear of falling and evaluate the impact of this fear on the activity “getting out of the house”.

Ageing Research Reviews Article in Press, Uncorrected Proof
Based on the results of our literature review, we recommend that when promoting physical activity in the oldest old, special attention is paid to the health benefits of physical activity, to the subject's fears, individual preferences and social support, and to constraints related to the physical environment.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Apr 13;4
This Cochrane Review identified 25 studies that met their inclusion criteria, with 17 of these studies set in low income countries or low socioeconomic communities.  The authors state “we observed that there was a lack of good studies which could show whether this approach was or wasn’t beneficial.”  Future research in this area should focus on improved study design, improved quality of physical activity measures, and larger samples of participants. 

NCPPA has assembled a variety of physical activity fact sheets, tools, and reports on their website.  Their “Resources & Reports,” section features an incredible amount of information helpful for any physical activity practitioner.

URBAN DESIGN
Suburban developments can build in walking and cycling…..

Washington, D.C.'s Office of Planning is launching a pilot program called Live Near Your Work that will match up to $6,000 in incentives that businesses offer to employees to move near work or public transit.

WORKPLACE
Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
The authors conclude that having a more active occupation is not associated with more inactivity during non-work hours.

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