Friday

February 4, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc
Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up. To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/. Access to research articles will be dependent on your institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
Implementing a whole school physical activity and healthy eating model in rural and remote First Nations schools: a process evaluation of Action Schools! BC
Rural and Remote Health 10 (online), 2010: 1296
The AS! BC model provided tools for schools and teachers to create individualized ‘action plans’ to increase the opportunities for physical activity (PA) and healthy eating (HE) across 6 ‘action zones’.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Active travel - healthy lives
A summary of international evidence on the health and economic benefits of active travel and recommendations on how active travel can become a viable, safe and attractive alternative to car use. The report includes sections on the health impact of active travel, reducing health inequalities through active travel, and the economic benefits of active travel.

Dutch aim to bust congestion with fast cycle routes
In a bid to persuade citizens to switch to pedal power for their regular commute, the Dutch are to build a series of high quality, high-capacity cycle routes between towns and cities where traffic jams are a regular headache.

Introducing the new Walk Score -- now with street smarts!
Walk Score is beta-testing a brand new algorithm -- they call it "Street Smart Walk Score" -- that takes their pedestrian-friendliness rankings to a whole new level.

CHILDREN
Active video gaming
The January issue of the CFLRI “Lifestyle Tips”.

The impact of ‘Exergaming’ on Physical Activity levels of Children and Youth
The January issue of the CFLRI “Research File”.

National Physical Activity Audit of Children’s Centres and Nurseries (UK)
Findings include: Nearly all Children’s Centres, regardless of how long they have been established, are providing some form of active play provision to local children on a weekly basis.

National Child Measurement Programme: England, 2009/10 school year
The results suggest that physical activity and health interventions to tackle childhood obesity should be targeted at urban and deprived areas. These interventions could be tailored differently for boys and girls, as boys have a higher prevalence of obesity, suggesting that a one‐size‐fits‐all approach will not be effective.

Obesity, energy intake and physical activity in rural and urban New Zealand children
Rural and Remote Health 10 (online), 2010: 1336
Differences were found in body composition with rural children being leaner than urban children. This finding is different from other Western countries and may be due to differences in the physical and social environment in New Zealand. More research is required to understand these potential environmental rural–urban differences.

Relative contribution of energy intake and energy expenditure to childhood obesity: a review of the literature and directions for future research.
Int J Obes (Lond). 2010 Nov 30
On the basis of the current evidence, there is no consensus on the main driver of secular trends on weight gain among US children and adolescents. More research and better methods are needed to identify the relative contribution of energy intake and energy expenditure to obesity in the pediatric population.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes: American College of Sports Medicine and the American Diabetes Association: Joint Position Statement
This position stand discusses the benefits of physical training, along with recommendations for varying activities, PA‐associated blood glucose management, diabetes prevention, gestational diabetes, and safe and effective practices for PA with diabetes‐related complications.

DISABILITY/ACCESSIBILITY
Wheel map
"Wheelmap, a website (and also an associated iPhone app) specifically built to display and accumulate wheelchair accessibility information for points of interest (POIs) such as pubs, cafes, shops on OpenStreetMap. As you move around the map, an overlay highlights the POIs and color-codes their accessibility for wheelchair users.

HEALTH GENERAL
A Citizen’s Guide to Health Indicators
For individuals with an interest in health care and how to use health information, this resource provides an introduction to health indicators, what they are, where they come from, and how they can influence health care decisions and policies. The guide defines indicators as high-quality statistics or measures that help individuals understand and compare Canadians' health and health care.

Why is it difficult to implement e-health initiatives? A qualitative study
Implementation Science 2011, 6:6
doi:10.1186/1748-5908-6-6
New technology was most likely to 'normalize' where implementers perceived that it had a positive impact on interactions between professionals and patients and between different professional groups, and fit well with the organizational goals and skill sets of existing staff. However, where implementers perceived problems in one or more of these areas, they also perceived a lower level of normalization.

MISCELLANEOUS
Health Communication Unit will be transitioning to the Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion

Tips for optimizing media interest in your work
A collection of new Fact Sheets have been designed to provide practical tips for optimising media interest in your work. The Engaging the Media fact sheet series will equip readers with techniques and tools to write catchy media releases and highlight how to turn research findings into a newsworthy story. Obtain your FREE copy of these new media resources by logging on to the Primary Health Care Research & Information Service website (Australia).

OLDER ADULTS
Exercise interventions to reduce fall-related fractures and their risk factors in individuals with low bone density: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials
Osteoporos Int. 2009 Dec;20(12):2111-25
The authors concluded that exercise interventions can reduce falls, fall-related fractures and several risk factors for falls in individuals with low bone mineral density. The authors' conclusions reflected the evidence presented and are likely to be reliable, but should be interpreted with caution given the risk of error and bias in the review methods and the small sample sizes.

Finding Balance Fact Sheets
These resources have been translated into 10 different languages.

How to Get Up From a Fall
These resources have been translated into 10 different languages.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
New survey sheds more light on the barriers to physical activity
Almost a third of Britons are being put off being more physically active because of the financial cost, a survey for World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) has found.

PartcipACTION launches new commercials
Through a series of five 15-second television commercials, the Think Again campaign exposes common misconceptions about children's physical activity levels and reinforces the need for moms to get their children more active, every day.

Stepping Up: A Physical Activity Strategy for the Halifax Region
A physical activity strategy for Organizations across the Halifax region that aims to increase the number of area residents incorporating physical activity into their daily lives.

RESEARCH
Performance Management and Evaluation: What’s the Difference?
Funders increasingly require managers of social programs to provide information about their programs’ operations, including services provided, participation levels, outcomes, and effectiveness. As a result, organizations need the capacity to collect significant amounts of information. How managers use information once it has been collected varies across organizations.

Quasi-Experimental Evaluations
Although experimental studies are described as the “gold standard” for assessing the effectiveness of a program in changing outcomes, in some cases, quasi-experimental studies may be more feasible…..

RURAL
Adolescent health: a rural community's approach
Rural and Remote Health 5 (online), 2005: 366
Although a wide variety of research has been conducted on this topic among urban adolescents, less is known about the health beliefs and behaviors of adolescents residing in rural areas, particularly in Canada….. Building on the knowledge and understanding of their own community, key stakeholders were invited to engage in the design and implementation of a participatory action research project aimed at understanding and improving the health of rural adolescents.

Playing their part: the role of physical activity and sport in sustaining the health and well being of small rural communities
Rural and Remote Health 2 (online), 2002: 109
The authors suggest that physical activity and sport make a significant contribution to the health and wellbeing of rural people and their communities and suggest that further research is necessary to better define this apparent contribution.

URBAN DESIGN
How Walkable Communities Are Created
In a walkable community, it’s possible to walk safely and easily to places that are important in our daily lives, such as the grocery store, schools, workplaces and community services or facilities.

Street Design: Part 1—Complete Streets
Public Roads, Vol. 74, No.1. July/Aug. 2010 (online article)
In the first of a two-part series on street design, this article looks at how complete streets policies can help make the transportation system more accessible to all travelers.

Transport and health resource : delivering healthy local transport plans
Lots of good info/evidence here.

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