Friday

December 16, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

Welcome to the final Info. Round-Up for 2011. We’ll be taking a couple weeks off for the holidays. From all of us here at the Centre, we'd like to wish you a Merry Christmas and a Happy and Healthy New Year!

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
A discussion paper.  The Australian Heart Foundation (SA) commissioned this discussion paper to bring together the evidence around the financial benefits to retailers and residents in making commercial streets more walking and cycling friendly.

Preventive Medicine In Press, Accepted Manuscript
► We analyzed walking behavior from a population based survey of sport and physical activity. ► 68% of the participants report walking for 10 minutes or more during the previous week. ► 24% of the participants report walking at a pace likely to be moderate intensity. ► Time spent walking briskly for personal transport was a predictor of leanness. ► Time spent working at home was negatively associated with leanness.

CHILDREN
The Active Toy Guide features a variety of toys that encourage kids to play in a physically active way. Some are electronic and some are suited for indoor and outdoor play. Categories are for kids 0-5

The bottom line: even if you are using active video games and other technical aids to become more active, you also need to participate in other activities and exercises that improve your flexibility, strength and endurance.

WASHINGTON, DC (November 3, 2011) — Congressman Ron Kind (WI) and Senator Mark Udall (CO) introduced the Healthy Kids Outdoors Act today to support state, local and federal strategies to connect youth and families with the natural world, improve children’s health and support future economic growth and conservation efforts.

SPANS 2010 is the fourth in a series of school-based surveys of NSW school students and provides valuable trend information on physical activity and nutrition in years K, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10.

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport In Press, Corrected Proof
The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of physical activity (PA), lesson context and teacher interaction students receive during physical education (PE) in secondary schools in New South Wales, Australia.

Journal of the American Dietetic Association Vol 111, Iss 12, Dec 2011, Pg 1852-1860
This instrument provides a standardized method to analyze and compare the comprehensiveness and strength of written nutrition and physical activity policies in child-care centers.

COMMUNITY
The LIN web site has been relaunched with a new graphic design and improved functionality for users. At the same time, a revitalized LIN is reaffirming its connection to the recreation and parks sector by reinstating its original name - Leisure Information Network (LIN).

CONFERENCES
Delta Ottawa City Centre February 7-10, 2012
The conference will take stock of advances that have been made with regard to integrated action for chronic disease prevention in Canada; the successes, the challenges, the gaps, and our opportunities. In recognition of the multi-factorial causes of chronic diseases, the emphasis will be upon ‘what works’; how are sectors coming together for collaborative action on chronic disease prevention.

HEALTHY EATING
If passed the soda tax would return 85 percent of all revenues back to communities. That 1.445 billion equates to an average of $233 per student in new funding that communities across the state will be able to use in their classrooms and to ensure that their children are healthy and will live brighter futures.

This report quantifies the nutritional content and full array of marketing practices that promote sugary drinks to children and teens. In the first section……

MENTAL HEALTH
Annals of Behavioural Medicine, 2011, Online First.
DOI: 10.1007/s12160-011-9320-y
Find out more about the links between sedentary behavior and mental health in this new workplace health study.

MISCELLANEOUS
Organizations that can clearly and accurately articulate their financial story and resource needs are better positioned to make a strong case for support. In both good times and bad…. Use the worksheet on the back to capture a snapshot of your nonprofit’s strengths and weaknesses.

Show me the Evidence was conceived as a way of showcasing some of the high-quality and relevant research supported by Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). This premier issue presents three stories about initiatives that have the potential to improve the delivery of health services to Canadians….

OLDER ADULTS
Alongside traditional policy responses there are also innovative solutions which include new ways addressing ageing that may involve new technology and new processes. In the area of health, a life course approach includes an increased focus on prevention and the promotion of healthy lifestyles at all stages of life to keep people active and prevent or mitigate chronic disease.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2011 Oct;92(10):1581-6
The objective was to evaluate measures of strength and balance and falls incidence in participants attending fall prevention exercise classes taught by volunteer peer leaders, paid professional (Age Concern Otago group), or a comparison class (comparison group).

Disabil Rehabil. 2011 Sep 29. [Epub ahead of print]
The impact of supervised Tai Chi on fall prevention can not be explained by a differential effect on balance, gait and fear of falling. It appeared to be related to an increase of general self-efficacy, a phenomenon which is not seen in the conventional physiotherapy program.

Parkinsonism & Related Disorders Vol 18, Supl 1, Jan 2012, Pages S114-S119
No significant effects were found for UPDRS-motor score, Freezing of Gait and Quality of Life. Overall, MbM-therapy appears promising for the improvement of gait and gait-related activities in PD. Future studies should incorporate larger groups and focus on long-term compliance and follow-up.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
In an effort to reduce pejorative portrayals of overweight and obese persons in media reporting, he Canadian Obesity Network has created an Image Gallery that provides a collection of photographs that portray obese individuals in ways that are positive and non-stereotypical.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
A 9 minute YouTube video. A Doctor-Professor answers the old question "What is the single best thing we can do for our health" in a completely new way.
Dr. Mike Evans is founder of the Health Design Lab at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, an Associate Professor of Family Medicine and Public Health at the University of Toronto, and a staff physician at St. Michael's Hospital

This guide is intended to assist families in creating memories through active experiences.
Use the information provided to create the right experience for your family.

This article looks at the rates of participation in sport and physical recreation across Australia for people aged 15 years and over, by selected characteristics and by selected activities. The article also looks at Australians who had reported low or no exercise and who would therefore not be meeting the National Physical Activity Guidelines.

Although the health benefits of physical activity are well-established, high rates of physical inactivity among Canadians continue to persist….

Here's how to turn exercise excuses into heart rate-boosting opportunities this holiday season.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 42, Iss 1, Jan 2012, Pages 14-20
Physical activity decline was evident during young adults' transition into early adulthood, with declines being steepest among men who entered a college/university.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 42, Iss 1, Jan 2012, Pages 81-88
Given the strength of evidence for telephone-delivered physical activity and dietary change interventions, greater emphasis on dissemination studies is warranted.

RURAL
AIHW figures indicate that, compared with people in metropolitan areas, those living in regional and remote areas were 1.16 times more likely to be sedentary…… Although rural residents are often perceived as being more active than urban residents, due to a larger proportion working in labor intensive occupations such as agriculture, forestry and fishing, the same study found that only 43 per cent of men and eight percent of women engaged in occupation-related physical activity.

URBAN DESIGN
A week-long (24-29 June, 2012 in Boston) institute designed to train investigators and practitioners tangible skills that can be used to measure many of the aspects of the built environment that are believed to have an effect on health.

Highlights neighborhood-level changes to the built environment that can have a positive influence on the health of community residents, especially in low-income communities. The profiles demonstrate how health practitioners, community members and many others can work together to improve community well-being by making changes to the built environment.

Creating Places for People does not take a one size fits all approach. It provides broad principles for urban design that take into account the unique characteristics of a location, people’s enjoyment, experience and health, and encourages excellence and collaboration in the design and custodianship of urban places.

WORKPLACE
A physical activity policy is a written document which includes a statement of intent about how a company proposes to address physical activity issues in the workplace.

A sample workplace policy.

December 9, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
“Given the reputation of the Netherlands as a cyclist's paradise, you might think that its extensive cycling infrastructure came down from heaven itself, or was perhaps created by the wave of a magic wand. Not so. It was the result of a lot of hard work, including massive street protests and very deliberate political decision-making."

Walking, cycling and public transit are emphasized in an update to Coquitlam’s strategic transportation plan, a document that seeks to increase alternate modes of commuter travel in the municipality.

In brief, Level of Service (LOS) suggests that whenever the city wants to change some element of a street -- say by adding a bike lane or even just painting a crosswalk -- it should calculate the effect that change will have on car traffic. If the change produces too much congestion, then a great deal of time, money, and additional analysis must go toward the project's consideration."

CHILDREN
National Center Releases “Getting Results” Resources.  Three-part Series Shows Communities Are Seeing Benefits of SRTS Programs.

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport In Press, Corrected Proof
The pedometer, a practical, relatively inexpensive tool, is suitable for the identification of less active children and has some utility to assess the relative intensity of activities in the context of a school day.

CHRONIC DISEASE
In the (UofA)  PADL our goal is to understand the physiological changes that occur in the body and to devise effective physical activity and behaviour modification strategies that stop the disease, or lessen its impacts on the quality of life for those with the disease.

Archivos de Bronconeumología (English Edition) In Press, Corrected Proof
The Yale Physical Activity Survey may be a valid tool to classify, but not to quantify, physical activity performed by COPD patients. The summary index of this questionnaire, based on seven short questions, shows the best validity properties. This suggests that it should be considered as a screening tool to identify patients at risk for sedentarism.

CONFERENCES
We are pleased to provide here highlights of the 12th annual Walk21 Conference that took place in Metro Vancouver on Oct 3-5, 2011. The theme was "Transforming the automobile city: walking steps up!" The Walk21 Metro Vancouver Society hosted 540 delegates from 24 countries who spent three glorious days exploring innovative approaches to designing and building communities where walking is an essential and preferred method of transport.

HEALTHY EATING
Making sense of nutrition information on food labels can be confusing. With the introduction of the Healthy U Food Checker, the job of choosing healthy, nutrient-rich foods just got easier! This unique online tool helps take the confusion away by allowing you to compare the nutrition information you find on packaged foods to the Alberta Nutrition Guidelines. 

OLDER ADULTS
Ageing Research Reviews In Press, Uncorrected Proof
 doi:10.1016/j.arr.2011.11.002
► Physical exercise therapy improves mobility and physical functioning in elderly patients suffering from mobility problems, disability and/or multi-morbidity. ► This positive effect is of great value in a population of already physically impaired elderly. ► High intensity exercise seems to be somewhat more effective in improving physical functioning than low intensity exercise. ► No conclusions about the most effective type of intervention can be drawn.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
J Public Health (2011) First published online: September 20, 2011
doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdr075
They found the majority of public health interventions assessed are highly cost-effective. Physical Activity is an intervention that is discussed.

URBAN DESIGN
Renowned active transportation expert Dan Burden had kind things to say about Collingwood. He praised the town's Urban Design Manual, calling it "one of the best I've seen in all of North America.

The good news is that there is great pent-up demand for walkable, centrally located neighborhoods in cities like Portland, Denver, Philadelphia…….

Smart growth is about the nuts and bolts: the stuff most of us don’t often think about that has a lot to do with our quality of life. Smart growth addresses the way we move from one place to another and what those places are like.

Monday

December 5, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Improved walking and cycling conditions, and increased non-motorized travel activity can provide numerous benefits to users and society, including congestion reductions, road and parking facility cost savings, consumer savings and affordability, improved mobility for non-drivers, energy conservation, pollution emission reductions, improved public fitness and health, and local economic development

This report describes methods for evaluating non-motorized transport (walking, cycling, and their variants) benefits and costs, including direct benefits to users from improved walking and cycling conditions, and various benefits to society from increased non-motorized travel activity, reduced automobile travel, and support for more compact land use development.

The FIA Foundation for Automobiles and Society and the United Nations Environmental Program emphasizes the importance of improving walking and cycling conditions by changing roadway design and management, particularly in developing countries.

It is suggested that policies to increase levels of walking and cycling should focus not only on improving infrastructure, but also must tackle broader social, economic, cultural  and legal factors that currently inhibit walking and cycling. Together, such changes can create an environment in which driving for short trips in urban areas is seen as abnormal and walking or cycling seem the obvious choices.

CHILDREN
Based on a subsample of the 2010 Physical Activity Monitor, Canadian parents were asked whether their child had access to supervised programs after school….

An article in the most recent issue of the American Journal of Play details not only how much children's play time has declined, but how this lack of play affects emotional development, leading to the rise of anxiety, depression, and problems of attention and self control.

The 2010 Physical Activity Monitor examined young people’s participation in a variety of activities during the after school period. Specifically, parents were asked to report on the types of activities which require energy expenditure such as doing chores, playing outdoors or participating in organized or unorganized physical activity and sport.

Psychology of Sport and Exercise In Press, Accepted Manuscript
This study investigated Social Cognitive Theory and children’s physical activity. A diverse sample of children from six schools was used in this analysis. Only barriers were a nonsignificant predictor of physical activity behaviours. The model accounted for little variance in children’s physical activity. Broader models may be needed to better predict children’s physical activity.

You’re just like your mother!” If anyone has ever heard that, it’s probably because it’s true – we tend to emulate our parents’ behaviour, whether we like it or not. Parents are the biggest single source of influence in a child’s life, and parental support of healthy habits early on in a child’s life will pay a lifetime of dividends.

Low rates of physical activity among young children and youth is of concern given the importance of physical activity for children’s healthy growth and development and since physical activity behaviors have been shown to track throughout childhood into adulthood.

The 2010 Physical Activity Monitor explored the concept of parental involvement by asking parents about the amount of time that they spend playing active games with their child and transporting their children to their physical activities or sports….

International Journal of Pediatric Obesity Volume 6, Number S2 (October 2011)
The general objective of the PERISCOPE (Pilot European Regional Interventions for Smart Childhood Obesity Prevention in Early Age) is to prevent child obesity between the ages of 3 and 6 years.  All articles in this special journal supplement are about the project – many discuss physical activity.

This bulleting explores more sedentary pursuits (for example: watching TV, reading, or doing homework) participated in after school.

CHRONIC DISEASE
American Journal of Kidney Diseases In Press, Corrected Proof
In the absence of guidelines specific to the CKD population, recent guidelines developed for older individuals and patients with chronic disease should be applied to the CKD population. In sum, exercise appears to be safe in this patient population if begun at moderate intensity and increased gradually. The evidence suggests that the risk of remaining inactive is higher. Patients should be advised to increase their physical activity when possible and be referred to physical therapy or cardiac rehabilitation programs when appropriate.

COMMUNITY
This article offers plenty of ideas about: boosting the use of community trails by making them easier to access and more user-friendly; and promoting your community’s trails, so more people know about their locations and features.

HEALTH GENERAL
From the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), this literature review by Swedish researchers provides an overview of English-language research studies published from 2006 to 2010 on online health information-seeking behaviour by health consumers and professionals.

Public Health In Press, Corrected Proof
This study identified and reviewed grey literature relating to factors facilitating and inhibiting effective interventions in three areas: the promotion of mental health and well-being, the improvement of food and nutrition, and interventions seeking to increase engagement in physical activity

MENTAL HEALTH
Mental Health and Physical Activity In Press, Accepted Manuscript
GPs are enthusiastic in promoting physical activity for managing depression. ► GPs promote physical activity despite awareness of evidence and guidelines. ► GPs believe physical activity has biochemical, social and psychological benefits. ► GPs are aware of the need for patient autonomy and a reduced reliance on medication.

MISCELLANEOUS
The Mayo Clinic Center for Social Media exists to improve health globally by accelerating effective application of social media tools throughout Mayo Clinic and spurring broader and deeper engagement in social media by hospitals, medical professionals and patients.

OLDER ADULTS
Maturitas In Press, Corrected Proof
There is a rich variety in methods used for data collection and analysis as well as in reported variables. Different aspects of physical activity can be described, but the variety makes it challenging to compare across studies. There is an urgent need for developing consensus on activity monitoring protocols and which variables to report.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. November 2011, 14(11): 681-688
doi:10.1089/cyber.2010.0578.
The finding suggests that AVGs are effective technologies that may facilitate light- to moderate-intensity physical activity promotion.

Updated by PHAC.  Tip sheets for all four age groups (children, youth, adults and older adults).

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2011.00779.x
General practitioners should be aware that physical activity recommendations are received favorably by most patients and there is potential to improve public health by giving physical activity advice to sedentary and/or overweight patients when appropriate.

SBRN is the only organization for researchers and health professionals which focuses specifically on the health impact of sedentary behaviour. SBRN's mission is to connect sedentary behaviour researchers and health professionals working in all fields of study, and to disseminate this research to the academic community and to the public at large. 

URBAN DESIGN
Whatever you think of the Manhattan pedestrian mall known as Times Square (love it or hate it), you have Jan Gehl to thank….. no one has done more in the last decade to retrofit cities for cyclists and pedestrian ….

This is the third in a series of columns that respond to recent claims by the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) that smart growth policies are ineffective and harmful.

The ultimate goal of most transportation is “access,” people’s ability to reach desired goods, services and activities. Transportation decisions often involve tradeoffs between different forms of access. How transport is measured can have a major impact on these tradeoffs.

Shared space is a design approach that seeks to change the way streets operate by reducing the dominance of motor vehicles, primarily through lower speeds and encouraging drivers to behave more accommodatingly towards pedestrians.

WOMEN
Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Nov 1;174(9):1017-27. Epub 2011 Oct 7.
Analyses simultaneously considering PA and television watching suggested that both contributed independently to depression risk.

Friday

November 25, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.
ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION

The largest difference between the incidence rates of HE versus Internal Combustion Engine vehicles in this study occurred in low-speed passenger vehicle maneuvers: those in which a vehicle is turning, slowing or stopping, backing up, or entering or leaving a parking space. It is hypothesized that these low-speed vehicle maneuvers may provide the largest difference between the vehicle sounds, in terms of both sound level and frequency…..

If train networks can boost the economy of a city, could bicycle networks boost the economies of the communities they pass through?
CHILDREN
Psychology of Sport and Exercise In Press, Accepted Manuscript
Numerous school-based physical activity interventions achieved positive effects on three target levels. Further research is needed to clarify the mediator effects of psychological variables on physical activity and health and to increase our knowledge about the mechanisms that underlie behavioural change.

The document states that schools should be located in environments that contribute to the livability, sustainability and public health of neighborhoods and communities and it includes strong language about the relationship between walking and bicycling  to school, obesity and academic achievement.

CHRONIC DISEASE

CONFERENCES
New South Wales, Australia Oct 31st – Nov 3rd, 2011

DISABILITY/ACCESSIBILITY
The information on these pages should be used as a guide, but check with your doctor before starting any exercise program or activity, and select exercise that is right – and enjoyable – for you.


This resource introduces how people with disabilities, including people with age-related impairments, use the Web. It describes tools and approaches that people with different kinds of disabilities use to browse the Web and the design barriers they encounter on the Web. It helps developers, designers, and others to understand the principles for creating accessible websites, web applications, browsers, and other web tools.

HEALTH GENERAL
The first-ever CIW composite report shows that in the fifteen year period from 1994 to 2008, Canada's GDP grew by a robust 31% while our quality of life only improved by a very modest 11%.

OLDER ADULTS
Members work to develop and implement a national research and dissemination agenda related to the public health aspects of healthy aging. On this Web site you will find many tools—such as webinars and action briefs—publications, and information about research, projects, and members. 

To promote greater awareness and understanding here are 10 common myths—and the reality—about older adult falls.

This page introduces how to use Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 to improve the accessibility and usability of websites and web applications for older people. 

Go4Life tip sheets provide a wealth of information to help you add exercise and physical activity to your daily routine and have fun at the same time. And you can share these useful tips with others by simply printing copies for your family and friends.

Guidelines and techniques for making websites and web applications work better for people with disabilities as well as older users with accessibility needs due to ageing.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
This article tells you about the relationship between owning a dog and dog walking, as well as how walking benefits both you and your dog. 

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 41, Iss 6, Dec 2011, Pages 596-602
Insufficient sleep among adolescents is common and has adverse health and behavior consequences. Understanding associations of physical activity and sedentary behaviors with sleep duration could shed light on ways to promote sufficient sleep.

WOMEN
Psychology of Sport and Exercise In Press, Accepted Manuscript
► This randomized controlled trial shows that physical exercise in old age buffers against aging dissatisfaction. ► Direct approach orientations elicited by physical exercise result in less negative views on one’s aging. ► This study delineates a valid views-on-aging factor by testing the construct of well-being in old age.

November 18, 2011

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
An example of a US approach to advocacy for walking.

This research, which was conducted from July 2008 to January 2010, investigated what type of cycling infrastructure (ie physical street facilities) would encourage ‘new cyclists’ to use cycling as their mode of transport for daily activities in New Zealand.

Useful to local government planners, engineers, and other highway designers; transit planners involved in the siting of transit stops and stations; site planners involved in designing or modifying intersections around new developments; local government pedestrian and bicycle planners; and those whose work may influence or be directly involved in designing or modifying intersections.

The Five-Minute Walk is a standard that is best described as the average distance that a pedestrian is willing to walk before opting to drive.

For businesses, supporting improved walking conditions is a sound but sometimes overlooked investment. Dollar for dollar, the returns are impressive, from more customers to healthier, more productive employees.

The Pedestrians' Quality Needs Project (PQN) established what people need to choose to walk. The summary provides an understanding of those needs and how they can be met and supported by policy.

Preventive Medicine In Press, Corrected Proof
There appear to be many more bicycles sold in Australia than are used. Further improvements may be needed in the cycling environment before a possible latent desire for cycling translates to participation.

Scroll down the page a bit to see it.  The video project was led by the Be Fit for Life Network of the Alberta Provincial Fitness Unit, in association with the Community Walking Project and the Alberta Centre for Active Living. Trained walking group leaders are an important part of a successful and sustainable walking group.

CHILDREN
This synthesis examines the growing body of evidence indicating that racial and ethnic minority, and lower-income, communities do not provide as many built and social  environmental supports for physical activity

This article offers a variety of tips from some Alberta schools that are already “making it happen.”  The tips are organized into three themes: nutrition provided by the school, nutrition education, and nutrition events.

Psychology of Sport and Exercise In Press, Accepted Manuscript
We conducted a literature search of school-based controlled studies that involved a physical activity intervention targeting school students. Study design, methodological quality, and effectiveness of interventions on three target levels, ‘health and fitness’ (BMI and motor performance), ‘physical activity’, and ‘psychological determinants’ (knowledge of physical activity effects, self-concept, and attitudes towards physical activity), were analysed. Furthermore, we examined the influence of specific factors (e.g., age and gender) and mediator effects.

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport In Press, Corrected Proof
The importance of the stability of motor coordination levels in childhood and its role in determining organized sports participation may have implications for talent identification purposes as well as potential health-related benefits in childhood and throughout the lifespan.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 41, Iss 6, Dec 2011, Pages 596-602
The purpose of this study is to determine whether physical activity and sedentary behaviors are associated with sufficient sleep (8 or more hours of sleep on an average school night) among U.S. high school students.

CHRONIC DISEASE
New figures indicate that the number of people living with diabetes is expected to rise from 366 million in 2011 to 552 million by 2030, if no urgent action is taken. This equates to approximately three new cases every ten seconds or almost ten million per year…..Diabetics have inadequate blood sugar control, which can lead to serious complications like heart disease and stroke, damage to the kidneys or nerves, and to blindness.

DISABILITY/ACCESSIBILITY
Disability and Health Journal Volume 4, Issue 4, October 2011, Pages 254-261
This study examined changes in health behaviors among adults with disabilities following participation in the Healthy Lifestyles for People with Disabilities health promotion program. It was hypothesized that intervention participants would demonstrate significant increases in healthy behaviors in areas such as …physical activity …while controls would not show significant change.

The Rick Hansen Foundation has developed a Global Accessibility Map App. 
“This easy-to-use consumer reviews tool, gives users the opportunity to submit and obtain reviews from a mobility, hearing or sight perspective, on the accessibility in your communities.”

Disability and Health Journal In Press, Corrected Proof
In order to reassure the maintenance of an exercise program, interventionists need to first emphasize cognitive, motivational strategies (cognitive processes of change), such as the importance of PA and positive thoughts about exercise participation as well as exercise benefits (pros) before they implement behavioral strategies (behavioral processes of change), such as social support, goal setting, and self-rewarding.

HEALTH GENERAL
These reports highlight the features of a healthy and prosperous city and the role of all municipal government departments, business and the community in achieving them.

These proposals are not intended to be the definitive list of everything necessary to improve our nation's health, but they represent a dozen significant steps for the new government to take towards a healthier future, and towards making the UK fitter for the decade ahead.

MISCELLANEOUS
The internet would appear to provide the ideal medium for the provision of information targeted at the prevention and control of communicable disease for both health consumers and health professionals. This potential is restricted by the relative absence of studies, particularly on the efficacy of the use of the web for public health communication. A literature review on health information-seeking behaviour on the web, specifically for communicable diseases. The closing of this knowledge gap has the potential to contribute to the prevention and control of communicable diseases across Europe.

OLDER ADULTS
Ageing Research Reviews In Press, Accepted Manuscript
► Physical exercise therapy improves mobility and physical functioning in elderly patients suffering from mobility problems, disability and/or multi-morbidity ► This positive effect is of great value in a population of already physically impaired elderly. ► High intensity exercise seems to be somewhat more effective in improving physical functioning than low intensity exercise. ► No conclusions about the most effective type of intervention can be drawn.

Gait & Posture In Press, Corrected Proof
Unobtrusive home walking assessments are ecologically valid measures of walking function. They provide previously unattainable metrics (periodicity, variability, range of minimum and maximum speeds) of everyday motor function.

Edmonton researchers have tracked the daily movements and activities of a group of seniors living in a sensor-laden "Smart" condo to find out how to help them live independently.

Wii Balance is a program that was developed at Kerby Centre in Calgary with funding from the Alberta Center for Injury, Control and Research. This program is focused on balance training for older adults aged 55+ years. The program is based on the Nintendo Wii™ game system, primarily Wii Sports™ and WiiFit™.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
The WHO developed this tool to assess good practice elements of design, monitoring, evaluation and implementation of preventive programs, projects, initiatives and interventions that aim to counteract obesity and improve nutrition and physical activity. This report gives a description of the good practice tool for obesity prevention programs and describes its development and use.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Read about findings of a survey which explored the views of 14-65 year olds on their thoughts and experiences of outdoor play.

Run by the CDC, the online Guide to Community Preventive Services is a free Internet resource that helps the public chooses programs and policies to improve health and prevent disease in their home communities. This section on physical activity has links to systematic reviews of interventions.

URBAN DESIGN
Complete Streets is as much a community engagement and design process as a road layout result.  And it only works when complemented by appropriate parking, land use, environmental, resident stabilization, and other policies.

Featuring six case studies focused on the relationship between health and economic development. Several of the case study communities are working to adopt and implement Complete Streets policies.

The relationships between the residential components of a neighborhood and the uses that could easily be traversed to and from by foot

We have allowed land uses incompatible with wide, high-speed roadways — such as retail and residential — to be placed along these roadways. Worse yet, we have widened and straightened existing roads and raised speed limits next to the places that we live and work.

WOMEN
Aging is an important women’s health issue. Canada’s aging population is presenting unique challenges to the health system on multiple fronts. Women comprise the majority of the older population and have different patterns of illness and health needs than men.

Psychology of Sport and Exercise In Press, Accepted Manuscript
In women above 70 years, exercise participation increases direct approach motivation which in turn leads to lower aging dissatisfaction. This shows that exercise holds the potential to overcome subjective ageist bias.