Friday

November 19, 2010

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
This article touches on the relevance of the social determinants model to Aboriginal health and highlights recent NCCAH activities to illustrate how a social determinants framework can influence policy, research and practice. It concludes with next steps, and provides links to related resources.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Alta Planning + Design, a national firm specializing in multi-modal transportation, greenways, bike sharing, and related fields, is joining forces with the Durham, North Carolina office of Greenways Incorporated…. The combined group will operate under the name ‘Alta/Greenways’……

The LIFE CYCLE Best Practice Handbook provides a collection of over cycling best practices from around the world. It offers food for thought for European traffic planners and others seeking solutions for reducing the personal, social and economic costs of insufficient physical activity in their communities.  Be sure to look at the links to other resources in the left hand column as well.

Welcome to LIFE CYCLE, a source of practical ideas to inspire life-long cycling habits.

We’re launching an exciting project that will combine the transportation expertise of the National Complete Streets Coalition with a powerful public health framework for creating healthier environments…… The ‘Policy’ piece of the three step process is pretty obvious: adoption of Complete Streets policies help create the political will to change the built environment to create a safe environment for active travel.

CHILDREN
As more and more studies are being released it is becoming very apparent that the children in nature movement is sweeping the world by storm. These studies are proving that early childhood development can be facilitated with the use of these playgrounds.

Minister Algukkaq announced support for nine new initiatives for research on physical activity and childhood obesity through the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR).

There are lots of resources here! Be sure to check out the (OST) Program Research and Evaluation Database.  “We believe that out-of-school time supports and opportunities are essential to healthy learning and development.  Therefore, our out-of-school time work strives to promote quality, accessibility, and sustainability of out-of-school time (OST) programs and activities across the nation. Our OST resources support the work of practitioners, policymakers, and researchers.”

Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Uncorrected Proof
Maternal permissive parenting was associated with higher levels of physical activity than authoritative parenting, but associations differed by child gender and type of physical activity. Maternal logistic support was associated with girls' physical activity, while paternal logistic support was associated with boys' physical activity. Health professionals could encourage parents to increase logistic support for their children's physical activity.

This article explains some of the differences between physical activity and physical education. It outlines the different benefits each provides and helps you understand your role as a parent in supporting physical activity and physical education in your child’s school.

Whether traveling on foot, by bicycle, or on the bus, students deserve to feel safe as they make their way to school each morning. A new report from the National Center for Safe Routes to Schools shows how Safe Routes to School programs can make the areas around schools more secure for students.

This presentation looks at the PLAY deficit, the implications and the need to take action to support the return of PLAY to the public policy agenda.  Presentation from the 2010 Alberta Recreation and Parks Association Conference & Energize Workshop

Operating in the United States, Canada and Israel, Trips For Kids® (TFK®) has opened the world of cycling to over 60,000 at-risk youth through mountain bike rides and Earn-A-Bike programs.

CHRONIC DISEASE
The Lancet, Article in Press, Corrected Proof
This is the third in a Series of five papers about chronic diseases.  In this report we present an assessment of public health strategies designed to tackle behavioural risk factors for chronic diseases that are closely linked with obesity, including aspects of diet and physical inactivity, in Brazil, China, India, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa. England was included for comparative purposes.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Read the OECD Report on the scale and characteristics of the obesity epidemic, and influences and interventions that make a difference.  Scroll half way down the page to download the executive summary and see the County Facts for Canada.

Policy change at the federal, state and local level is essential to reversing the childhood obesity epidemic by 2015. Unfortunately, no single policy change will sufficiently achieve this goal; a range of policies that work to improve both healthy eating and active living among children and families will be necessary….We will update this section frequently to bring you the latest information about policy action related to childhood obesity.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
The case reports presented here have been provided by the health promotion
practitioners who have provided their insights and lessons learnt into how to initiate  physical activity interventions built around the 10,000 steps-a-day theme.

Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Uncorrected Proof
A 1-year moderate-to-vigorous aerobic exercise program prevents declines in the physical aspects of QoL in postmenopausal women. Exercise may have a potentially important advantage for breast cancer prevention compared to other lifestyle or biomedical interventions.

Principles and Approach for Successful Private/Not-for-Profit Partnerships in Physical Activity and Sport.  The aim of the Partnership Protocol is to assist not-for-profits in the fields of sport and physical activity to find, implement and sustain effective partnerships with the private sector, while respecting their own missions and mandates

RURAL
The term “complete streets” can evoke a bustling urban or town center, with streets that sport colored bike lanes, tree-lined sidewalks, and other investments in infrastructure. How to apply this term to rural roads, however, is not as clear. Currently, transportation specialists are rethinking the term in relation to the unique challenges on rural roads, and recommending new design standards that promote safer (and sometimes cheaper) rural roads for all.

URBAN DESIGN
The Great Recession has highlighted a fundamental change in what consumers do want: homes in central cities and closer-in suburbs where one can walk to stores and mass transit. Such 'walkable urban' real estate has experienced less than half the average decline in price from the housing peak..."

WOMEN
ProMOTION Plus, British Columbia's organization for girls and women in physical activity and sport, celebrates its 20th anniversary this month.


Wednesday

November 10, 2010

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Dog Walking: Great Physical Activity for You and Your Best Friend 

CHILDREN
These booklets are part of a suite of resources for participants on the popular BHFNC course ‘Physical activity for children and young people with long term medical conditions’.  They are designed to be a supportive tool for professionals, such as PE teachers and play/youth workers, to hand out to parents/carers if they express concerns about their child engaging in school PE lessons or other physical activity sessions.
Booklets include:
         Physical activity: What if my child is overweight?
         Physical activity: What if my child has asthma?
         Physical activity: What if my child has a congenital heart condition?
         Physical activity: What if my child has diabetes?
CHRONIC DISEASE
This project outlines the economic and health burden of preventable disease in Manitoba and provides stakeholders with important evidence for investing in primary prevention activities at the provincial, regional, and local levels…… The analysis focused on three key risk factors, each substantially associated with chronic disease – tobacco smoking, physical inactivity, and overweight/obesity.

MISCELLANEOUS
A health literacy resource from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).  This 11-part Toolkit provides a detailed and comprehensive set of tools to help you make written material in printed formats easier for people to read, understand, and use.

Browse through over 150 billion web pages archived from 1996 to a few months ago. To start surfing the Wayback, type in the web address of a site or page where you would like to start, and press enter. Then select from the archived dates available

OLDER ADULTS
Alzheimer's and Dementia Volume 6, Issue 6, November 2010, Pages 448-455
Study results from National Long Term Care Survey data provide evidence supporting the potential for exercise to lower the risk of dementia.

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Volume 91, Issue 11, November 2010, Pages 1705-1711
The authors conclude: the Nijmegen Falls Prevention Program (NFPP) for persons with osteoporosis was effective in decreasing the number of falls and improving balance confidence. Therefore, it is a valuable new tool to improve mobility and independence of persons with osteoporosis.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Read the OECD Report on the scale and characteristics of the obesity epidemic, and influences and interventions that make a difference.  Scroll half way down the page to download the executive summary and see the County Facts for Canada.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
The latest supplement of the Journal of Physical Activity and Health (JPAH) features presentations from the 3rd International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health.

As with the two previous surveys (2008 and 2009), the 2010 survey shows there is a
difference between Australian s reported heart health risk behaviors and their  perceptions of meeting the guidelines for these activities.

RESEARCH TOOLS
This guide, produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, provides an overview of how statistical information can be used to make well informed policy decisions. Throughout the guide references are made to other resources, relevant training courses and associated frameworks that provide more detail.

Information on using focus groups, online surveys and much, much more.
This handbook provides a first-stop shop for anyone interested in the theory and practice of delivering performance audits. It is intended for: evaluators working to support accountability and learning in the public sector; those seeking to commission or use such services; and researchers interested in the unfolding practice of evaluating in the public interest.

WORKPLACE
This resource was designed to provide workplaces with information needed to plan, promote and implement a multi-strategy approach to physical activity programming in the workplace.

Friday

November 5, 2010

By Rosanne Prinsen MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION

They found that making federal funding available for bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure has resulted in an increase in bicycle and pedestrian projects across the USA… In addition, support from local governments and advocacy groups is a key driver of support for bicycle and pedestrian investments at the metropolitan region level. Their findings resulted in a number of recommendations laid out in the report.

This review concluded that the evidence suggested that purpose-built dedicated cycleways reduced the risk of crashes and injuries compared with cycling on the road with traffic or off the road with pedestrians. As a number of aspects of the review process were not reported and study validity was not assessed the reliability of these conclusions is unclear.

BMJ 2010; 341:c5293 doi: 10.1136/bmj.c5293 (Published 18 October 2010)
Community-wide promotional activities and improving infrastructure for cycling have the potential to increase cycling by modest amounts, but further controlled evaluative studies incorporating more precise measures are required, particularly in areas without an established cycling culture.

CHILDREN

Congratulations to Margaret Schwartz. Physical and Health Education Canada (PHE Canada) has bestowed the North American Society Fellowship Award on two leading Canadian health and physical education professionals for their commitment to ensuring that Canadian children and youth live physically active and healthy lives.


Obesity Reviews 2010 Jul;11(7):516-30. Epub 2009 Jul 28
Efforts to treat obesity in childhood and adolescence would benefit from a greater understanding of evidence-based strategies to modify physical activity behaviour. A systematic review was conducted to examine the impact of child and adolescent obesity treatment interventions on physical activity.

HEALTH GENERAL

BMC Public Health 2010, 10:538
doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-538
This paper reports the findings of a review of reviews of behavioral change interventions to reduce unhealthy behaviors or promote healthy behaviors. We included six different health-related behaviors in the review: healthy eating, physical exercise, smoking, alcohol misuse, sexual risk taking (in young people) and illicit drug use.
HEALTHY EATING

The Change4Life Convenience Stores project is to promote the purchase of fresh fruit and vegetables in deprived areas. This report sets out the history and development of the project and the results of the evaluation of the pilot phase in the North East of England.

OLDER ADULTS

This review concluded that falls and falls risk can be reduced with group exercise programs and individualized exercise prescriptions in the community-dwelling older population. The most effective exercise variables were unknown. The authors' conclusions reflected the data presented, but their reliability is unclear as language and publication bias could not be ruled out.

Qualitative inquiry into community-scale and street-scale factors associated with mobility in older adults. Includes suggestions for use and data collection tips. Supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Prevention Research Centers Program.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Yay! I found it on-line again.  Click on “Your “Go for Green” Prescription!” to get to the actual .pdf.

URBAN DESIGN

The IPA Guide explores how we have constructed barriers to active living, and explains what effects these barriers have had on the health of the children, seniors, and everyone in between. Most importantly, for those living in communities that do not support active living, the IPA Guide provides a framework for constructing a more walkable, bicycle-friendly, and healthy future.

WOMEN

Diabetes Care. 2010 Sep 27. [Epub ahead of print]
Conclusions: Higher levels of physical activity prior to pregnancy or in early pregnancy are associated with a significantly lower risk of developing GDM.

This review concluded that healthy pregnant women may benefit from exercise at a moderate intensity for longer than the recommended 30 minutes per day and after discussions with a health professional should be encouraged to continue exercise while pregnant. Given the limitations with the review process and potential limitations with the synthesis, the authors' conclusions should be interpreted with caution.

WORKPLACE

Studies have shown that adding yoga into your work day can relieve your stress, improve your mood and even increase your focus.