Friday

October 8, 2010

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
Australian Journal of Primary Health, 11 (3). pp. 25-31.
The project showed significantly improved care planning and medical management of urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients with diabetes.

KSDPP designs and implements intervention activities for schools, families and community to prevent type 2 diabetes through the promotion of healthy eating, physical activity and positive attitude for present and future Kahnawakero:non and for other Aboriginal communities.

ARPA notes from September's conference call to discuss recreation, sports, and arts and culture in Aboriginal communities. The link will take you to the meeting summary which includes a number of funding and program opportunities.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
This site provides users with an exact GPS representation of trailheads and generates driving directions from any address to a selected trailhead. Trails are easily searchable by trail name, region or one of 18 different activities.
The Ontario Trails Maps site is integrated with the main OTC site so that visitors have the convenience of detailed mapping for specific trails and still have access to the depth of information on the OTC site.

CHILDREN
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior Article in Press, Corrected Proof
Schools are a logical place to promote healthful eating and physical activity; however, time within the school day and lack of funds are major barriers for low-income schools. Health professionals can respect these barriers by holding programs outside of classroom time and finding ways to involve families (eg, during school events).

Int J Behav Med. 2010 Jul 25.
DOI: 10.1007/s12529-010-9111-z
The authors conclude: Limitations in study design, lack of statistical power and problems with implementation have likely hindered the effectiveness of interventions in the after-school setting to date. Further work is required to develop interventions during this critical period of the day.

The much-anticipated second phase of SOGO Active has been officially launched with the goal of appealing to a wider age range of youth. Also recently launched is the "Can You Fill These Shoes" challenge aimed at getting youth more active and engaged.

The supplement is comprised of a series of seven articles that summarize the state of knowledge on policy options to support healthy eating and physical activity in the school setting; describe roles of stakeholders; and provide an overview of monitoring and evaluating the implementation of school policies. This is a collaborative effort among Health Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada and the Joint Consortium for School Health. 

COMMUNITY
Enabling communities to lead local renewal projects with a neighborhood-wide approach is the most cost-effective way to ensure our villages, towns and cities are fit for the future. This UK report looks at the way that community-led projects can improve health and well-being while creating a sustainable environment. It looks at how partnerships between local authorities and the communities they serve can be created to help move this work forward.

HEALTHY EATING
This paper identifies and describes the main sources of national-level data on knowledge of and attitudes to healthy eating and physical activity in adults and children in England.

OLDER ADULTS
Aging Mental Health. 2010 Aug;14(6):652-69.

The authors conclude: Mental well-being in later life is modifiable through exercise and physical activity. To generalize the findings, there is a need for more evidence of effectiveness from older people in the UK.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Public Health Nutr. 2010 Sep 23:1-11
All lines of evidence consistently support the conclusion that the consumption of sweetened beverages has contributed to the obesity epidemic. It is estimated that sweetened beverages account for at least one-fifth of the weight gained between 1977 and 2007 in the US population. Actions that are successful in reducing sweetened beverage consumption are likely to have a measurable impact on obesity."

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2010 7:57 doi:10.1186/1479-5868-7-57
Results demonstrate that placing importance on choosing neighborhoods that are considered to be easily walkable is an important contributor to body weight. Findings that objectively measured neighbourhood SES and neighborhood choice variables contributed to BMI suggest that future research consider the role of neighborhood choice in examining the relationships between the built environment and body weight.

RESEARCH TOOLS
This is a free learning module centred around public health and using evidence to inform decisions. It should take 3.5 - 5 hours to complete the module.

URBAN DESIGN
Getting the big picture right outlines a new approach to large scale urban design that allows people to shape the places they live or work in, and improve their distinctiveness and quality. It will help those organizations and partnerships – often with a mix of public and private partners – tasked with working with local people to prioritize actions and investment. Good urban design has been shown to improve community cohesion, health, and well-being of those people who live and work in them.


J Public Health (2010) first published online: September 10, 2010
doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdq068

Most studies reported findings that generally supported the view that green space have a beneficial health effect. Establishing a causal relationship is difficult, as the relationship is complex. Simplistic urban interventions may therefore fail to address the underlying determinants of urban health that are not remediable by landscape redesign.

WORKPLACE
Mental Health and Physical Activity Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
This intervention was feasible and shows that exercise can reduce the risk of depression in employees with sedentary jobs, an inactive lifestyle, and a high-risk of depression. A large randomized controlled trial with a long-term follow-up is needed to establish the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of exercise in the prevention of depression in a workplace setting.

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