Friday

October 29, 2010

By Rosanne Prinsen MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
An article summarizing the assessment of Aboriginal people eating habits and nutrient intakes from food using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition (2004).

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
A sustainable and healthy future for Australia requires action to encourage more 
Australians to use active transport—walking, cycling and using public transport—more cost effective than structured exercise programs.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol. 39, Iss  5, Nov 2010, Pages 457-459
The BiWET is a reliable and time-efficient audit instrument to determine accurately and relatively quickly the physical characteristics of an area or route, which is potentially useful for the study of the relationship between the built environment and physical activity behavior.

Transport Policy Volume 17, Issue 6, November 2010, Pages 496-504
This paper describes the results of structured interviews with senior and middle-level administrators from public, private, and community groups in a rapidly developing region in Queensland, Australia, to assess the perceived barriers and enablers to active transport. Key themes emerged relating to infrastructure delivery, public transport services, walk- and cycle-friendly community attributes, political leadership and government coordination, and societal travel norms and culture

Newly launched website/program.  Lots of great resources!

CHILDREN

COMMUNITY
In Bulletin 3 of this series, perceptions about the number of supports and facilities to be active in Canadian communities were explored. This bulletin investigates whether Canadians would be more active if more supports and facilities were available: If we build it, will they come?

Communities can offer a number of different facilities and supportive services to promote and encourage physical activity (PA) and sport among residents. This Bulletin #1 of this CFLRI report series examines Canadians’ perceptions about the number of such facilities and supports in their local communities.

Bulletin 2 of this series describes Canadians perceptions about the number of supports and facilities available in the community to promote or encourage physical activity (PA) and sport.

HEALTHY EATING
Health Canada and Food & Consumer Products of Canada has launched the Nutrition Facts Education Campaign, designed to help Canadians make healthier food choices by better understanding and using the Nutrition Facts table, particularly the % Daily Value.

MENTAL HEALTH
More than a century of life has taught Tom Pederson how to handle stress: get along with everybody, stay away from grouches and don’t bother worrying.

OLDER ADULTS
Preventing Chronic Disease 2010;7(6).
Conclusion: Widespread dissemination of a program to prevent falls can promote active aging among people who would otherwise be at risk for a downward cycle of health and functionality. Creating partnerships among different delivery sectors is needed for building community infrastructure to enhance the health of older adults.

Read on to learn about key factors for wellness and exercise instructors in program planning and working with individuals with dementia.

From the Winnipeg Free Press

Health & Place Volume 16, Issue 6, November 2010, Pages 1268-1279
Multivariate analyses identified positive correlates of walking at the site level including yard landscaping and corner-lots, and neighborhood-level correlates including walking destinations, safety from crime, and sidewalks. Both site-level and neighborhood environmental supports appear important in promoting walking among older adults.

Little is known about the effectiveness of community-based physical activity programs that serve older adults or the extent to which these programs use best practices. In this project, investigators at the National Council on Aging, in collaboration with researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Washington at Seattle, sought to identify and disseminate best-practice physical activity programs, study their impact on older adults and provide a directory of such programs.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Although it’s common to stereotype overweight or obese people as unhealthy, and thin or “average-weight” people as “automatically” healthy, the experts are quick to point out that body weight alone is not an indicator of good health.

Journal of Urban Economics Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
The results imply that the proliferation of Walmart Supercenters explains 10.5% of the rise in obesity since the late 1980s, but the resulting increase in medical expenditures offsets only a small portion of consumers’ savings from shopping at Supercenters.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Cross Currents Autumn 2010 | Vol. 14 No 1
Despite the known benefits, community agencies often lack the resources to develop programs for consumers, who frequently face social and financial barriers to physical activity. That need led to Minding Our Bodies, an initiative of the Canadian Mental Health Association – Ontario division…..

This report was commissioned by the Alberta Recreation and Parks Association (ARPA) with the primary purpose of examining trends in the public funding of Alberta’s   recreation, sport, and parks sector,….. The report includes a quantitative analysis of historical expenditures and sources of funds and an overview of changes over time in funding policies and approaches.

RESEARCH TOOLS
Implementation Science 2010, 5:78
doi:10.1186/1748-5908-5-78
Conclusion: New researchers should consider developing an end-of-grant KT plan with strategies that move beyond passive dissemination to incorporate innovative means of collaboration with the end user to craft the message, package the information and share the research findings with end users.

RURAL
By planning, designing, and constructing Complete Streets, communities of all sizes - whether rural hamlets, small towns, or booming metropolises - are able to provide the quality access to jobs, health care, shops, and schools their residents deserve, while also achieving greater economic, environmental, and public health benefits.

WOMEN
There are some lifestyle choices you can make that may reduce your risk of developing breast cancer. One of these is being physically active…..

The relationship between physical activity and breast cancer risk reduction is likely as result of a combination of mechanisms, and that these mechanisms may differ depending on sub-groups of the population.

WORKPLACE
Preventing Chronic Disease 2010;7(6)
Conclusion: The presence of workplace physical and cultural supports is related to more active commuting behavior and may especially encourage active commuting among women.

October 22, 2010

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
Call for Host Communities. Deadline: November 1, 2010 – 5:00 pm EDT.
CAAWS is seeking organizations interested in hosting a workshop in their community. A minimum of 15 workshops will be delivered across the country in 2010/2011. Facilitator costs (travel, honorarium) will be paid by CAAWS, and grants of up to $250 are available for each community to cover additional costs (e.g. facilities, and refreshments).

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
The bicycle Valet Winnipeg was open one hour before kickoff for fans to drop off their bicycles just south of Gate 6, and bikes can be picked up anytime until 30 minutes after the game ends.
Because of the recent challenges with developing AT infrastructure in Winnipeg, this blog has provided links to almost twenty articles related to the controversy. As this involves lawsuits and AT becoming a prominent municipal election issue, these are worthwhile reviewing.

From the Australian Walktober campaign. There are 18 different tip sheets here.

CHILDREN
(This) paper aims to show how the physical environment can improve young people’s opportunities for physical activity and that it should be a key focus of policy for Government and local authorities.

Learn about the links between physical activity and cognitive functioning in this review from the University of Western Australia.

Social Science & Medicine Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Area level factors may be determinants of physical activity among children and youth in complex ways and parental perception of area social environment may be as important for children's activity levels as ‘independently assessed’ socio-economic conditions.
The report serves as a launching pad for action for practitioners and advocates who are interested in engaging in systems and environmental change approaches in four key arenas: schools, early childcare and education settings, out-of-school-time programs, and communities.

Journal of Adolescent Health Article in Press, Corrected Proof
The main implication of this study is that sport is the major locus of weight status-related differences in physical activity, and in overall daily (energy expenditure), in Australian adolescents. Clearly obese adolescents in Australia are engaging in sport less frequently and in particular, team sports and social sports such as dance.

Health & Place Volume 16, Issue 6, November 2010, Pages 1280-1286
Built Environment  Moderate-Vigorous PA associations varied by BE characteristic, urbanicity, and sex. PA facilities within 3 km buffers and intersection density within 1 km buffers exhibited the most consistent associations with MVPA.

CHRONIC DISEASE
The Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA) released the findings from its Alberta Diabetes Cost Model, forecasting a 67 per cent increase in diabetes diagnoses in Alberta – the highest rate increase in Canada. The model shows that without action, the cost and prevalence of diabetes in the province will continue to increase substantially over the next 10 years.

COMMUNITY
Enabling communities to lead local renewal projects with a neighborhood-wide approach is the most cost-effective way to ensure our villages, towns and cities are fit for the future. This UK report looks at the way that community-led projects can improve health and well-being while creating a sustainable environment. It looks at how partnerships between local authorities and the communities they serve can be created to help move this work forward.

DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH
Section 5.16 is dedicated to physical activity.

HEALTH GENERAL
This Framing Brief suggests how to create frames that can help people see that environments affect health. When people understand that idea, they are more likely to support policies that improve those environments.

HEALTHY EATING

The authors found the increase in fast food and other restaurant advertising exposure across all demographic groups (to be) a disturbing trend.

MENTAL HEALTH
Mental Health and Physical Activity Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
This paper describes the context in which a theoretically driven physical activity counselling intervention was developed as a pragmatic treatment for primary care patients with depression. The intervention, delivered by Physical Activity Facilitators (PAFs), alongside usual care, was developed and piloted, then compared with usual care within a randomised TRial of Exercise and Depression in the UK (TREAD-UK).

OLDER ADULTS
From the Winnipeg Free Press

Health & Place Volume 16, Issue 6, November 2010, Pages 1268-1279
Multivariate analyses identified positive correlates of walking at the site level including yard landscaping and corner-lots, and neighborhood-level correlates including walking destinations, safety from crime, and sidewalks. Both site-level and neighborhood environmental supports appear important in promoting walking among older adults.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
The systematic map aimed to review the scope of the quantitative research literature on the relationship between obesity and sedentary behaviour in young people aged 6-16.

This power point presentation's intended audience is local government staff (e.g., city managers; council members; county commissioners; urban and transportation planners; redevelopment administrators; zoning officials; local school district staff and public health practitioners) who want to build the case for investing in obesity prevention at the community level.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Chapter 6 is dedicated to physical activity.

Violence influences where people live, work, and shop; whether parents let kids play outside and walk to school; and whether there is a grocery store or places for employment in the community.

M.A.P. is your manual to implement a full marketing campaign which is made up of a full range of ready to use and adaptable tools and templates that promote physical activity.  Campaign tools and templates have been developed using the theme “Active Is” and are appropriate for use by any organization that wants to promote health through physical activity.

Through Walk BC's Physician Engagement program, registered physicians across BC will provide their patients with information about the benefits of walking, how to get started with a walking program, and local information on programs and opportunities.

URBAN DESIGN
Tackling car dependency is not about stopping people owning or using cars – it’s about giving people options, allowing them to decide how they get about and what kind of city they want to live in. This report shows that cities can choose their future.

Physical activity is mentioned a number of times.

WOMEN
F.U.E.L is an after school physical activity program for female youth. It combines fun activities with an opportunity to meet new people and learn more about how to live a healthy lifestyle.

European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) Article in Press, Corrected Proof
The question whether physical activity imparts any survival advantage to women with breast cancer is in need of further data in the form of an RCT addressing the issues of optimum amount, timing, duration of physical activity and type and stage of breast cancer.

The ♀Take the Lead Grant has been created to help Albertan girls and women become experienced leaders in the sport and recreation fields.  Grant monies could be used for training, course fees, professional development, professional certification, clinics, equipment, travel, lodging, meals, and other training related activities.  The ♀Take the Lead Grant is not intended to support physical activity projects and recreational initiatives.

WORKPLACE
This session will outline steps and activities that workplaces can lead, promote or support to help employees become more physically active during work hours and work breaks. Get ready to think outside the box when it comes to getting your workers moving!

Created by WalkBC this toolkit has been designed to assist organizations to implement walking programs. Whether you are a big or small workplace, or whether you have a workplace health program or not, you will find all sorts of information to get your workplace walking.

A number of research bulletins from CFLRI.

The Pedometer Challenge Toolkit provides resources for workplaces to help organize a challenge. Information on why it is important, what the benefits are and how you organize one, are all included.

A great resource from Victoria (Aus).

October 8, 2010

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

ABORIGINAL
Australian Journal of Primary Health, 11 (3). pp. 25-31.
The project showed significantly improved care planning and medical management of urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients with diabetes.

KSDPP designs and implements intervention activities for schools, families and community to prevent type 2 diabetes through the promotion of healthy eating, physical activity and positive attitude for present and future Kahnawakero:non and for other Aboriginal communities.

ARPA notes from September's conference call to discuss recreation, sports, and arts and culture in Aboriginal communities. The link will take you to the meeting summary which includes a number of funding and program opportunities.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
This site provides users with an exact GPS representation of trailheads and generates driving directions from any address to a selected trailhead. Trails are easily searchable by trail name, region or one of 18 different activities.
The Ontario Trails Maps site is integrated with the main OTC site so that visitors have the convenience of detailed mapping for specific trails and still have access to the depth of information on the OTC site.

CHILDREN
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior Article in Press, Corrected Proof
Schools are a logical place to promote healthful eating and physical activity; however, time within the school day and lack of funds are major barriers for low-income schools. Health professionals can respect these barriers by holding programs outside of classroom time and finding ways to involve families (eg, during school events).

Int J Behav Med. 2010 Jul 25.
DOI: 10.1007/s12529-010-9111-z
The authors conclude: Limitations in study design, lack of statistical power and problems with implementation have likely hindered the effectiveness of interventions in the after-school setting to date. Further work is required to develop interventions during this critical period of the day.

The much-anticipated second phase of SOGO Active has been officially launched with the goal of appealing to a wider age range of youth. Also recently launched is the "Can You Fill These Shoes" challenge aimed at getting youth more active and engaged.

The supplement is comprised of a series of seven articles that summarize the state of knowledge on policy options to support healthy eating and physical activity in the school setting; describe roles of stakeholders; and provide an overview of monitoring and evaluating the implementation of school policies. This is a collaborative effort among Health Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada and the Joint Consortium for School Health. 

COMMUNITY
Enabling communities to lead local renewal projects with a neighborhood-wide approach is the most cost-effective way to ensure our villages, towns and cities are fit for the future. This UK report looks at the way that community-led projects can improve health and well-being while creating a sustainable environment. It looks at how partnerships between local authorities and the communities they serve can be created to help move this work forward.

HEALTHY EATING
This paper identifies and describes the main sources of national-level data on knowledge of and attitudes to healthy eating and physical activity in adults and children in England.

OLDER ADULTS
Aging Mental Health. 2010 Aug;14(6):652-69.

The authors conclude: Mental well-being in later life is modifiable through exercise and physical activity. To generalize the findings, there is a need for more evidence of effectiveness from older people in the UK.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Public Health Nutr. 2010 Sep 23:1-11
All lines of evidence consistently support the conclusion that the consumption of sweetened beverages has contributed to the obesity epidemic. It is estimated that sweetened beverages account for at least one-fifth of the weight gained between 1977 and 2007 in the US population. Actions that are successful in reducing sweetened beverage consumption are likely to have a measurable impact on obesity."

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2010 7:57 doi:10.1186/1479-5868-7-57
Results demonstrate that placing importance on choosing neighborhoods that are considered to be easily walkable is an important contributor to body weight. Findings that objectively measured neighbourhood SES and neighborhood choice variables contributed to BMI suggest that future research consider the role of neighborhood choice in examining the relationships between the built environment and body weight.

RESEARCH TOOLS
This is a free learning module centred around public health and using evidence to inform decisions. It should take 3.5 - 5 hours to complete the module.

URBAN DESIGN
Getting the big picture right outlines a new approach to large scale urban design that allows people to shape the places they live or work in, and improve their distinctiveness and quality. It will help those organizations and partnerships – often with a mix of public and private partners – tasked with working with local people to prioritize actions and investment. Good urban design has been shown to improve community cohesion, health, and well-being of those people who live and work in them.


J Public Health (2010) first published online: September 10, 2010
doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdq068

Most studies reported findings that generally supported the view that green space have a beneficial health effect. Establishing a causal relationship is difficult, as the relationship is complex. Simplistic urban interventions may therefore fail to address the underlying determinants of urban health that are not remediable by landscape redesign.

WORKPLACE
Mental Health and Physical Activity Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
This intervention was feasible and shows that exercise can reduce the risk of depression in employees with sedentary jobs, an inactive lifestyle, and a high-risk of depression. A large randomized controlled trial with a long-term follow-up is needed to establish the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of exercise in the prevention of depression in a workplace setting.

October 1, 2010

By Rosanne Prinsen MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/ Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.
ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Presentations from the past conference in Chattanooga Tennessee Sept 15- 17th can be found here. If you put your cursor on a thumbnail the full title of the document will be displayed. Note: the SlideShare website can be a little clunky at times, so be patient.

CHILDREN
This summary is the third in a series of research summaries highlighting some of the key findings from the Physical Activity and Dietary Intake of Children and Youth in Nova Scotia (PACY) surveillance studies from 2001 (PACY1) and 2005 (PACY2).

This summary is the fourth in a series of research summaries highlighting some of the key findings from the Physical Activity and Dietary Intake of Children and Youth in Nova Scotia (PACY) surveillance studies from 2001 (PACY1) and 2005 (PACY2).

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
This month, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation launched an innovative new tool to help the effort to reverse the childhood obesity effort

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Active Launceston increases physical activity by almost 13% in only 18 months!  Active Launceston is a community driven project aimed to improve health and wellbeing of the people of Launceston through increased participation in physical activity.

Learn about the economic contribution of sport and recreation in the Australian Capital Territory.

A multilingual and multicultural association gathering universities, colleges and institutes of physical education (PE) and sport as well as individuals who support and contribute to the advancement of sport pedagogy research and scholarship.

The BHFNC aims to provide leadership and advocacy to raise the profile of physical activity, call for greater investment in health promotion and physical activity and improve the infrastructure and services provided to support more physically active lifestyles.

RESEARCH TOOLS
The virtual issue's 18 articles illustrate the range of survey methods material that can be found in POQ and include conclusions that are still valid today. Specially chosen by guest editor Floyd J. Fowler, the articles will be of interest to those who work and research in public health and health services more broadly.




WORKPLACE
Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Corrected Proof
Currently, there is a dearth of evidence on the effectiveness of workplace interventions for reducing sitting. In light of the growing body of evidence that prolonged sitting is negatively associated with health, this highlights a gap in the scientific literature that needs to be addressed.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 39, Iss 4 , Pages 379-388, October 2010
doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2010.05.024

Limited evidence was found to support a positive relationship between occupational sitting and health risks. The heterogeneity of study designs, measures, and findings makes it difficult to draw definitive conclusions at this time.