September 23, 2010

By Rosanne Prinsen MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

The purpose of this project was to use the Program Evidence Tool developed by Towards Evidence-Informed Practice (TEIP) to conduct a review of the evidence to identify “best practice” information to inform the interventions that would support the work of the Active Transportation Niagara Network

The Federal Highway Administration has issued report that details effective and strategic applications to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility drawn from the findings of an extensive international scan. The review identifies Complete Streets policies as key to supporting livable communities and safe transportation options.

Following Lord Coe’s announcement that the Games of the XXXth Olympiad would be a games for the ‘youth of the world’, Loughborough College and the British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health (BHFNC) formed a partnership to address an Olympic inspired legacy for children and young people and the Flames programme was born.

In September 2010, Federal, Provincial and Territorial Ministers of Health agreed to focus efforts on curbing childhood obesity and promoting healthy weights as a critical first step in helping Canadians live longer, healthier lives.

Type 2 diabetes shouldn’t stop you from participating in regular exercise. The benefits to your heart, lungs, muscles and regulatory systems are well worth the effort.

Developed for advocates, evaluators, and funders who want guidance on how to evaluate advocacy and policy change efforts. This tool takes users through four basic steps that generate the core elements of an advocacy evaluation plan, including what will be measured and how.

Uniquely designed for adult learners, the Fall Prevention Awareness training curriculum helps home health aides reduce falls and minimize injury to their clients by increasing their awareness of the risk factors for common falls and by enhancing their communication skills.

The International Council on Active Aging (ICAA) and the Section on Geriatrics (SOG) of the American Physical Therapy Association have recently entered into a Promotional Partner Agreement that will have the two organizations collaborating to benefit the health of individuals aged 50 and above.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: Sept 2010 - Vol 42 - Issue 9 - pp 1776-1784
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181d479f2

This study provides valuable information about data collection, metabolic responses, and accelerometer output for common physical activities in a diverse participant sample.  Based on their findings, the authors state linear regression models are inappropriate for accurately predicting METs from accelerometer output.

The American Journal of Medicine Article in Press, Corrected Proof
The systematic displacement from a very physically active lifestyle in our natural outdoor environment to a sedentary, indoor lifestyle is at the root of many of the ubiquitous chronic diseases that are endemic in our culture.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 39, Iss 4, October 2010, Pages e13-e20
On any given day, most U.S. adults reported performing predominantly sedentary and light activities. The greatest prevalence for reported moderate activities was food and drink preparation for both men (12.8%) and women (37.63%), and overall only 5.07% report any vigorous-intensity activity.

American Journal of Preventive Medicine Vol 39, Iss 4, October 2010, Pages 305-313
Little progress has been made during the past 10 years in increasing physical activity levels in the U.S. There is much room for improvement in achieving recommended levels of physical activity among Americans, particularly among relatively inactive subgroups.

This collection of 12 case studies helps put to rest the idea that livability is an exclusively “urban” idea. Small cities, towns and rural regions across the country are transforming themselves into more livable communities.

This document provides technical guidance on the building, rebuilding, repair and rehabilitation of city streets with the intent of balancing the needs of all users

The Healthy Places program works to create a built environment that encourages walkability, bikeability and physical activity.

$1.66 Billion in Avoided Public Health Costs from Building Walkable Communities, Close to Work and School

A one page handout for partners on the link between fall-related injuries and osteoporosis. Created by the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors and Falls Free™ Coalition. The handout is modifiable for your use in promoting fall prevention.

September 16, 2010

by Rosanne Prinsen MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up.  To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

A list of 25 programs, services, and other resources that you can use to help promote health and well-being with your Aboriginal clients.

This briefing paper presents an overview of the contemporary debate on cycling. It summarizes the transport issues facing NSW, presents an account of the state of cycling in NSW and in Sydney in particular, and compares cycling in Sydney with the other Australian capital cities and with selected international cities.

Scroll down the webpage a bit to find more information and a link to the document itself.

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport Article in Press, Corrected Proof

The authors conclude: boys expended more energy during active gaming compared to sedentary activities. Whilst Energy Expenditure during Active Video Gaming is game-specific, AVGs are not intense enough to contribute towards the 60 min of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity that is currently recommended for children.

This is American but lots of the information is still useful.

Kananaskis, Alberta November 5-7, 2010
Perspectives in Exercise Health and Fitness bring together the fitness community to learn the latest in fitness-related research, industry best practices and practical workshops.

Highlighting 25 resources that you can use to help promote health begins with Health Nexus programs, expands to our partners, and to organizations, and services, and useful resources and reading.

Health promotion and ill-health prevention are key government priorities, but it is widely recognised that most general practices could be more proactive in engaging with the wider public health agenda. As the first point of NHS contact for most patients, general practice is in a unique position to promote the health and well-being of practice populations.

Illness, fear, low literacy, foreign languages and cultures, and many other factors can make it difficult for your staff to communicate with patients….. The toolkit can help organizations improve communication with all patient populations and many of the questions are specifically focused on common communication problems, such as culture, language and health literacy gaps.

The toolkit is designed to help those who teach groups of children and adults about healthy eating and physical activity, and encourage individuals to take action to maintain and improve their health.  This Toolkit is a joint collaboration between Health Canada and the  Public Health Agency of Canada.

We all know that eating well and exercising are wonderful for our bodies. Healthy lifestyles help us to manage our weight and reduce the risk of developing chronic diseases such as certain types of cancer, heart disease, diabetes and osteoporosis.

Three years ago, Maylene Fong, of Vancouver Coastal Health, faced her biggest hurdle as a clinical nurse specialist — to create a diabetes prevention program aimed at high-risk adults from the ground up. The only firm parameter was the budget. Maylene had to determine the program scope, staffing and programming.

Pages 8 and 9 discuss physical activity.

Sleep Medicine Volume 11, Issue 9, October 2010, Pages 934-940

The authors conclude: Aerobic physical activity with sleep hygiene education is an effective treatment approach to improve sleep quality, mood and quality of life in older adults with chronic insomnia.

Journal of Obesity Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 786827

The participants became more aware of their health and wellbeing after the pilot program, which was successful in increasing time spent walking for recreation and improving fibre intake.

The chapters follow a series of evidence based recommendations to better engage older people in activities to prevent falls by addressing the many barriers to acceptance and adoption of falls prevention advice.

A new release from Statistics Canada.  Physical Activity is mentioned a number of times.

Journal of Aging Studies Article in Press, Corrected Proof
The aim of this paper is to study what kind of ageing identity is constructed and what kinds of roles in old age are available for the readers of magazines aimed at readers over 50 years of age….. Talk of activity emphasized physical activity, but also being mentally active and curious even in old age.

Interacting with Computers Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript

In this paper we describe a case study in which we examine how to develop playful persuasive solutions to motivate older adults to maintain or increase their social and physical activities. By including various stakeholders (older adults, family, and care givers) and by designing for transitions in life we intend to create solutions that can be used by many different user groups. Based on a playful interaction framework and user studies we are designing playful persuasive solutions that incorporate social and physical activities as mutual motivators. Furthermore, the persuasive solutions should be relevant for the life transitions of losing partners or friends, of having to move to a care facility and of declining physical and cognitive capabilities…….

Exercise Medicine seeks to use exercise as a health tool to drive health improvement. Preventing ill health and disease with regular exercise is much more cost-effective than treating conditions with expensive drugs or surgery. Additionally, exercise is a key factor  in the management strategy of most chronic medical conditions, and improves quality of life and function, whilst reducing healthcare costs.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has recently released new Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. This is the first time that physical activity recommendations have existed at the international level. The recommendations will provide policy makers at national and regional levels with clear, comprehensive and evidence-based guidelines on the dose-response relationship between physical activity and health.

Psychology of Sport and Exercise Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2005, Pages 313-334

Social Science Research Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
The primary objective of this study is to describe the methods used to quantify the proportion of Canadians engaging in physical activities at the intensities and durations required to either maintain or enhance their health.

Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript

The total amount of LTPA shows a graded and continuous association with better self-rated health. The benefits of LTPA on self-rated health increase with the intensity of the activity.

The focus of the SPARColl work plan is on walking.A major focus of SPARColl work plan is a community walking intervention, Walking for Wellbeing in the West.

Health & Place - Article in Press, Corrected Proof

The findings support the notion that a more walkable neighborhood is also a place, where residents feel safer, and provides further evidence endorsing a shift away from low density, curvilinear suburban developments towards more walkable communities with access to shops, parks and transit.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Jul 28. [Epub ahead of print]

Interventions based on physical activity and dietary counseling, usually combined with supplementary weight monitoring, appear to be successful in reducing GWG. The results are of particular interest with respect to the objective of preventing excessive GWG.

The promotion of physical activity is mentioned a number of times.

Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript

The authors conclude that declining levels of physical activity at work may help explain the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity in Canada.


September 3, 2010

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSC

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up. To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: Access to research articles will be dependent on your Institutional rights.

Active Transportation – Canada
Twenty-five (25) new items were posted on the Active Transportation-Canada Website on August 20, and a further 26 on August 31st. Too many potential resources for me to highlight individually in Info Round up. Surf over and check out the great resources!

Active Transportation Fact Sheets (from Go For Green)
Health Benefits
Environmental Benefits
Safety and Active Transportation
Built Infrastructure
Barriers to AT
Economic Benefits

Walking and Cycling to Health: A Comparative Analysis of City, State, and International Data
American Journal of Public Health First Look, published online ahead of print Aug 19th
doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.189324
Together with many other studies, our analysis provides evidence of the population-level health benefits of active travel. Policies on transport, land-use, and urban development should be designed to encourage walking and cycling for daily travel.

Active School Transportation Is Catching On
Even though almost two-thirds of Canadian families live close enough for the children to walk to school, only about one-third of children actually do that. Combine the rides young people typically receive to get to school with the many hours they spend watching TV and playing video games: the result is a very high level of inactivity, and often accompanying health problems, particularly obesity.

October is International Walk to School Month
Register now and plan ahead for your school or group Walk to School Event in October 2010!

Reviewing Sport and Recreation Programs With a Child
Reviewing Programs Together is a resource designed to enable parents/guardians to provide valuable feedback to program leaders about the quality of their child’s sport and recreation programs, by using the following: 1. Program Checklist, and 2. Ask your Child questionnaire.

Call to action on physical activity
A report to the Toronto Board of Health

San Francisco Burden of Disease & Injury Study: Determinants of Health: Physical Inactivity Home Page

Understanding and Promoting Physical Activity (CDC)
You need to download the .pdf to read the document.

Sport and Recreation with Children who have Disabilities
This brochure explains alternate terminologies, defines common disabilities, and provides guidelines to help with integration and inclusion, and how to adapt programs to include a person with a disability.

Developing the Diversity-Competent Organization: A Resource Manual for Non-Profit Human Service Agencies in Peel and Halton Regions
The manual focuses on what an organization has to do, at the structural or systems level of the organization, in order to have organizational capacity to serve diverse groups in a manner that is socially and culturally appropriate for those groups.

Active Aging Week: September 20 - September 26, 2010

Gerotechnology: Research and Practice in Technology and Aging
includes concepts from the basics of gerotechnology-person-environment fit-to the core activity fields-computer and assistive devices and their practical applications-to models, or prototypes for technical development and its application to everyday life.

An examination of the demographic characteristics and dietary intake of people who meet the physical activity guidelines: NSW Population Health Survey data 2007
This report first investigates whether being physically active is associated with healthy dietary behaviours, and then describes the sociodemographic profile of physically active people who do not engage in healthy eating behaviours.

NSW Premier's Council for Active Living: Why active living?
See how active living creates health, economic, environmental and social benefits.

Play for life....join a sporting club
This is a neat idea! The Australian Sports Commission has launched this new campaign to increase participation in sport and physical activity.

Gender Equity in Sport and Recreation
This brochure primarily focuses on gender equity as it pertains to girls and young women in community recreation settings. It outlines goals, guidelines, and success factors for gender equitable programs.