Thursday

July 8, 2010

By Rosanne Prinsen MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

Note: where possible we provide the DOI to link to research papers in the Info Round up. To use it, cut and paste the DOI into the text box on this webpage: http://dx.doi.org/

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
A livable community survey of the Greater Kingsport, TN area: place to live, work, and play for a lifetime
Issue around walking and sidewalks come up many times in the document.

Active Transportation definitions
We all seem from time to time to need definitions/descriptions of common active transportation terms. On Dan Burdens new web-site if you place your cursor on the word ‘definitions’ in the blue navigation bar you will find links to many different terms.

Do The Health Benefits Of Cycling Outweigh The Risks?
On average, the estimated health benefits of cycling were substantially larger than the risks relative to car driving for individuals shifting mode of transport.

Today’s home buyers looking for walkability
Today's home buyers aren't just looking for good schools and low crime rates when they evaluate a neighborhood, many brokers say. They're paying much more attention to what they can walk to…..

CHILDREN
Implementing Safe Routes to School in Low-Income Schools and Communities: A Resource Guide for Volunteers and Professionals
Children from low-income families are twice as likely to walk to school as children from higher-income families, and they face a higher risk of being injured or killed as pedestrians. ….. By using this guide, parents, professionals and school and government leaders will be better positioned to overcome common challenges and build strong Safe Routes to School programs in low-income schools and communities. This guide can also be helpful to organizations and agencies that are already implementing Safe Routes to
School programs but want to expand their reach to low-income communities.

Physical inactivity in US adolescents: Family, neighborhood and individual factors
This brief presents findings from a Child Trends study that examines two measures of physical inactivity—sedentary behavior and nonparticipation in sports…..

The school effect on children's school time physical activity: The PEACH Project
Preventive Medicine Article in Press, Uncorrected Proof
doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2010.06.009

This paper highlights a significant school effect on children's physical activity providing evidence that the school attended should be accounted for in future analysis and supporting the use of MLM in this field. Further investigation is required to explain the differences in physical activity found between schools.

Uptake and effectiveness of the Children's Fitness Tax Credit in Canada: the rich get richer
BMC Public Health 2010, 10:356
doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-356

What works for the prevention and treatment of obesity among children: Lessons from experimental evaluations of programs and interventions.
This fact sheet synthesizes the findings from multiple studies that implemented random assignment experimental evaluations to examine the impacts of various intervention strategies on child obesity outcomes. Physical activity is one of the interventions discussed.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Chronic Disease Clock
The homepage for the Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control (CCDPC). The numbers are being generated in real-time and are updating constantly. However, the numbers used in the generation of the Chronic Disease Clock are not to be used as evidence and are not actual data.

Chronic Disease Risk Factor Atlas
The Chronic Disease Risk Factor Atlas provides information on major chronic disease risk factors with national trends over time, age-specific prevalence estimates, and maps of the prevalence of risk factors in health regions across the country using data from the Statistics Canada Canadian Community Health Surveys (2005 and 2003). Includes a section on Physical Activity.

COMMUNITY
A Healthy City in an Active City: A Physical Activity Planning Guide
This planning guide provides a range of ideas, information and tools for developing a comprehensive plan for creating a healthy, active city by enhancing physical activity in the urban environment. By developing, improving and supporting opportunities in the built and social environments, city leaders and their partners can enable all citizens to be physically active in day-to-day life.

Community Design Can Impact Physical Activity and Health Outcomes
Researchers from Rutgers University, two public interest groups and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) examined the linkages between sprawl (urban and suburban development patterns characterized by poor accessibility and lack of public open spaces) and health.

New Partnerships for Healthier Neighborhoods: Bringing Public Health and Redevelopment Together
While redevelopment law will vary from state to state, the basic concepts and scopes of engagement apply nationwide. Readers outside California should embrace the findings of the report and work within the redevelopment law in their state to promote public health goals.

DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH
How doctors can close the gap: Tackling the social determinants of health through culture change, advocacy and education
This policy statement and the recommendations contained within it are a synthesis of the ideas and proposals that emerged from a series of policy dialogues organised by the Royal College of Physicians (RCP). The aims of these dialogues were to identify what role doctors can play in reducing health inequality in the UK by acting on the social determinants of health, and how they can best be trained to do this.

OLDER ADULTS
Physical benefits of dancing for healthy older adults: a review.
J Aging Phys Act. 2009 Oct;17(4):479-500.

Grade C evidence suggested that dancing might improve older adults' lower body bone-mineral content and muscle power, as well as reduce the prevalence of falls and cardiovascular health risks. Further research is, however, needed to determine the efficacy of different forms of dance, the relative effectiveness of these forms of dance compared with other exercise modes, and how best to engage older adults in dance participation.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
F as in Fat: How Obesity Threatens America's Future 2010
The link a .pdf of the report is in the right hand navigation column.

Parents Oblivious to Overweight Kids
As obesity rates hit record levels, a new study finds that many adults don’t recognize weight problems in their children.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: A consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Journal of Sports Sciences, Volume 28, Issue 6 April 2010, pages 573 – 591
DOI: 10.1080/02640411003671212

Parks, Playgrounds and Active Living
This synthesis summarizes the growing body of evidence concerning the role of parks in shaping active lifestyles across a variety of study populations, including children, seniors, lower-income families, specific racial and ethnic groups and other populations at high risk of being inactive.

Parks, Recreation Settings and Physical Activity
Despite its potential as a mechanism for increasing activity, little is known about what specific aspects (for example, facilities, amenities, park size, and proximity) of parks are
considered important to make parks and recreation settings more desirable for being active…..

ParticipACTION Tool Kit
To help inspire and inform Canadians, we've developed the 'ParticipACTION Tool Kit,' which contains free communications materials that organizations can use to promote physical activity and sport participation.

Stages of Change and the Stress – Exercise Participation Relationship
Psychology of Sport and Exercise Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript
doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.06.005

These results suggest differential patterns of exercise engagement based on stage of change – with those in maintenance responding to stress with enhanced activity, while those in other stages were more likely to reduce physical activity. Implications for intervention design and theories of exercise behavior change are discussed.

Using Social Networking and Mapping Tools to Participate in Group Physical Activities
Whether you like to run, walk, hike, bike – or are involved in any number of physical activities – you can make good use of today’s technology to help you keep on top of all the action.


Walking Pace, Leisure Time Physical Activity, and Resting Heart Rate in Relation to Disease-Specific Mortality in London: 40 Years Follow-Up of the Original Whitehall Study. An Update of Our Work with Professor Jerry N. Morris (1910–2009)
Annals of Epidemiology Article in Press, Corrected Proof
doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2010.03.014

They found that “higher levels of physical activity indexed by the various markers herein appeared to confer protection against a range of mortality outcomes.”

URBAN DESIGN
American Makeover TV
Enough with extreme kitchen remodels and plastic surgery - what really needs a makeover is the American city! Our towns, neighborhoods and public spaces have are overrun with ugly sprawl, with huge consequences for our health and environment.
American Makeover is a six-episode web series taking you to six cities across America in search of the antidote to suburban sprawl

Study: Sprawling cities experience hotter summer temperatures
Urban heat island effect -- which includes cutting down trees and replacing them with parking lots, roads and buildings or putting dark shingles that absorb heat onto buildings -- has more of an impact on cities. "Urban heat island effect accounts for most of the warming we've seen in the past several years," Stone said. "All these things that are related with urban growth are making cities hotter."……

WORKPLACE
Size Doesn’t Matter: Small city takes big steps to foster a healthy workplace
While many organizations are just now recognizing the benefits of encouraging a physically active workforce, the City of Kamloops was already ahead of game in 2002 and went one step further to implement a more holistic program that encompasses a variety of health and wellness components…….

Walking the Talk - Sports medicine company proves healthy workplaces aren’t just for big business
Even though KineMedics has only about 15 employees spread out between a head office and several satellite locations, management tries to create a healthy work environment through a number of measures……

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