Friday

February 27,2009

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Cycling
Strategies for promoting cycling as an alternative form of transport for local journeys.

Living streets library
Living Streets has developed a library of some 5,000 items relating to streets and walking. There is lots more to find on this site, be sure to browse the topics in the left hand navigation column.

Personal travel planning
Personal Travel Planning (PTP) is a technique that delivers information, incentives and motivation to individuals to help them voluntarily make sustainable travel choices. It seeks to overcome habitual use of the car, enabling more journeys to be made on foot, by bike, bus, train or in shared cars. PTP forms an important part of UK national and local transport policy, contributing to the suite of tools promoted under the general heading of ‘smarter choices’.

Walking
Promoting walking as a healthy and more preferable option to the motor car for short journeys.

CHILDREN
Kids Sports (from Statistics Canada)
This article will examine trends in regular organized sports participation of children aged 5 to 14, using data from the General Social Surveys (GSS) of 1992 and 2005. It will also look at the factors that influence children’s participation in sports including parental involvement in sports, socio-demographic characteristics of the family, and geography.

Organized extracurricular activities of Canadian children and youth
Report released by Statistics Canada September 2008.

Parent and child reports of children's activity
Report released by Statistics Canada August 2008.

YMCA of Greater Toronto launches Strong Kids Campaign
The YMCA Strong Kids focus is to raise much needed financial support for children, teens and families who are unable to afford the full cost of participation in a YMCA program or activity.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Early Child Development and Chronic Disease
The report provides several examples of Canadian best practice programs that have proven to be effective in improving the health of babies and young children and may lower their future risk of chronic disease as well as recommendations for concrete actions. (Physical activity is mentioned a number of times).

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Healthy Weights Halton newsletter
the inaugural newsletter for Healthy Weights: Halton Takes Action. This initiative, based on the socio-ecological model, will help to address the rising rates of childhood obesity in Halton.

Obesity on the job
International studies have found that the combination of a sedentary job and poor eating habits often leads to obesity, which can put the heart at risk and pave the way for a litany of other diseases.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Developing Effective Physical Activity Programs
This new book emphasizes the move away from a one-size-fits-all approach to physical activity interventions by providing evidence-based recommendations for designing, implementing, and evaluating more effective and appropriate physical activity interventions for women, overweight and obese populations, older adults, and ethnically diverse populations.

Who Participates In Active Leisure? Canadian Social Trends
This article (published in 2009) looks at the factors influencing active leisure activities of Canadians aged 20 and over. It will also examine which groups are more likely to participate in active leisure in 2005. Check out the document link (pdf or html) and also check out the 'subject' links (scroll down) for even more data.

RESEARCH
The University’s Role in the Dissemination of Research and Scholarship — A Call to Action
This paper intends to provide guidance to identify actions that should be taken to expand the dissemination of the full range of products of the university community’s research and scholarship. It offers a broader vision for the university’s role and provides a series of recommended actions, both for campus leaders and for collective action by the university community.

February 20, 2009

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

CHILDREN
Contributing to physical activity and healthy eating for young Canadians
Report from the Boys and Girls Clubs of Canada 2007

Factors that Shape Our Children’s Participation in Physical Activity and Sport: Saskatchewan Parents’ Perspective
March 2008

Health promotion profile of youth sports clubs in Finland: club officials' and coaches' perceptions
Health Promotion International, Vol. 24 No. 1
The study shows that youth sports clubs in Finland are fairly health promoting in general, but only every fourth club has realized health promotion with a comprehensive ethos. Every third of the clubs expressed very little interest in health promotion. Thus, there is still a lot of potential for further development in the whole field of sports. (This journal offers free access).

Longitudinal Study of Physical Activity and Inactivity in Preschoolers: The FLAME Study
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2009, 41: 96–102
Two hundred and forty-four children were seen annually at 3, 4, and 5 yr. Physical activity and inactivity was measured by questionnaire and by Actical accelerometers for five consecutive days each year in children and once in each parent for 7 d. Conclusion: Levels of physical activity declined in boys and girls between the ages 3 and 4-5 yr, whether using objective measures or parental reports of activity.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Policy and action for cancer prevention
The report reviews the evidence on environmental, economic, social and personal determinants of food, nutrition, and physical activity patterns and the interventions and actions that may affect these.

CONFERENCES

3rd International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health
5-8 May 2010 Toronto

Be Active 09
14 - 17 October 2009 Brisbane Australia
The goal of be active '09 is to provide a scientific forum in which delegates from Australia and around the world can come together to discuss and debate the latest scientific research and evidence on all forms of physical activity - from elite sport to walking in local communities.

Walk 21
7-9 October 2009 New York

HEALTH PROMOTION
Six essential roles of health promotion research centres: the Atlantic Canada experience
Health Promotion International, Vol. 24 No. 1 (open access)
The conclusion raises questions regarding the value of university-based research
centres and challenges to their sustainability.

MISCELLANEOUS
Poverty and health in Edmonton
On page 25: "From the Canadian Community Health Survey, the combined data (2003 and 2005) show that a higher percentage of children and youth (12-18 years) in the Average SES group were classified as physically inactive than the High or Low SES Groups"

OLDER ADULTS
A Million Messages for Seniors Falls Prevention
A package of resources that provide information about falls prevention for older adults. Using illustrated characters key messages about falls prevention are presented to seniors. Information sheets accompany the visual display to provide more detailed information about steps older adults can take to prevent falls.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
Draw the line campaign
An innovative healthy weight campaign from the West Australian divisions of the Heart Foundation, Cancer Council and Diabetes WA. There are also physical activity tools, resources.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
A Toolkit for the Design, Implementation & Evaluation of Exercise Referral Schemes DRAFT
The BHFNC has recently developed a toolkit for the design, implementation and evaluation of exercise referral schemes. A draft version is now available for consultation.

Find thirty every day
The campaign aims to increase the number of West Australian adults who are sufficiently active for good health. By visiting this site you’ve taken the first step to finding thirty minutes of physical activity every day and finding all kinds of rewards.

WOMEN
Exercise on prescription for women aged 40-74 recruited through primary care: two year randomised controlled trial
British Medical Journal 2008;337:a2509
This programme of exercise on prescription increased physical activity and quality of life over two years, although falls and injuries also increased. This finding supports the use of exercise on prescription programmes as part of population strategies to reduce physical inactivity.

February 13, 2009

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

CHILDREN
Early Childhood programs
Anyone caring for children (parents, carers, child care professionals) has an important role in nurturing their growth and development. Physical activity is a great way to do this. The following resources will give you ideas on how to include activity into a child's day. Includes: Move Baby Move, Active Alphabet, Let’s Get Moving and Moving With Young Children.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Type 2 Diabetes Prevention: Fact sheet
New – November 2008.

COMMUNITY
Cost Effectiveness of Community-Based Physical Activity Interventions
Am J Preventive Medicine Volume 35, Issue 6, Pages 578-588 (December 2008)
They report: “All of the evaluated physical activity interventions appeared to reduce disease incidence, to be cost-effective, and—compared with other well-accepted preventive strategies—to offer good value for money. The results support using any of the seven evaluated interventions as part of public health efforts to promote physical activity.”

MISCELLANEOUS
CRD’s guidance for undertaking reviews in health care
Provides practical guidance for undertaking evidence synthesis based on a thorough understanding of systematic review methodology. It presents the core principles of systematic reviewing, and in complementary chapters, highlights issues that are specific to reviews of clinical tests, public health interventions, adverse effects, and economic evaluations. The final chapter discusses the incorporation of qualitative research in or alongside effectiveness reviews.

Healthy Images
Healthy Images is a collection of photographs and images that portray positive, healthy lifestyles by incorporating safe usage of equipment, clothing, and physical environments (including sun safety), appropriate skill levels and supervision. All images may be used free of charge, with prior permission from the Public Health Agency of Canada, only to promote healthy lifestyles and for non-commercial purposes. The Public Health Agency of Canada must be credited when an image is used. (There are 3 Galleries - scroll to the bottom of the page to find links to the next two).

OLDER ADULTS
Exercise & Physical Activity: Your Everyday Guide from the National Institute on Aging
This guide shows you many types of exercise and physical activity. It also has lots of tips to help you be active in ways that suit your lifestyle, interests, health, and budget, whether you’re just starting out, getting back to exercising after a break, or fit enough to run a 3-mile race. It’s for everyone — people who are healthy and those who live with an ongoing health problem or disability.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
2009 Alberta Survey on Physical Activity
The Alberta Centre for Active Living has conducted the Alberta Survey of Physical Activity every other year for almost a decade to monitor the physical activity levels of Albertans.

CFLRI revives Research File/Active Tips
CFLRI and ParticipACTION have begun producing the Research File and Tips for Being Active again. On the homepage you'll see the note under CFLRI News and the *NEW* by the links in the left hand nav column.

Change4Life – Eat Well, Move More, Live Longer
From the UK - Change4Life is a society-wide movement that aims to prevent people from becoming overweight by encouraging them to eat better and move more.

The EU Platform on Diet, Physical Activity and Health: Third Monitoring Progress Report
Presents an overview of the achievements of the European Union Platform on Diet, Physical Activity and Health in 2007. The Platform was established in 2005 and brings together stakeholders from across Europe, all of whom are undertaking actions to improve the health of European citizens.

Mythbusters
When it comes to making your family happy and healthy, there's no time to spend messing around. There are a lot of food myths and activity myths out there, and so it's easy to be confused about what to listen to. With the help of these mythbusters, you will soon become expert at telling right from wrong.

Prevention Institute: Nutrition and Physical Activity section
The factors that influence eating and activity, including the characteristics of the environments in which we live, play, work, and learn, are increasingly beyond an individual’s control. Prevention Institute helps identify ways to improve community environments so that healthy eating and physical activity become the easy choice.
Promising Strategies for Creating Healthy Eating and Active Living Environments
The scan identified many promising strategies that could be translated into policies and organizational practice.

URBAN DESIGN
Inequality in the Built Environment Underlies Key Health Disparities in Physical Activity and Obesity
PEDIATRICS Vol. 117 No. 2 February 2006, pp. 417-424
They found: “Higher-SES block groups had a significantly greater relative odds of having 1 or more facilities. Low-SES and high-minority block groups were less likely to have facilities. Relative to zero facilities per block group, an increasing number of facilities was associated with decreased overweight and increased relative odds of achieving 5 bouts per week of moderate-vigorous PA.”

February 6, 2009

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Promoting walking and cycling as an alternative to using cars: a systematic review
Author's conclusions: The best evidence was for targeted behavior change programs, but effects on social distribution were unclear. There was insufficient evidence for the other interventions.

Walk and bike for life
Walk & Bike for Life is a Canadian based non- profit organization, with an international outlook. We are dedicated to improve awareness of the benefits of walking and cycling as activities and of urban parks and trails as great places, and their impact on creating healthier communities where its residents live happier.

CHILDREN
Prevention in the first place: schools a setting for action on physical inactivity
Br J Sports Med. 2009 Jan; 43(1):10-3
Author's conclusions: Although evidence is sparse, active school models and environmental strategies (interventions that change policy and practice) appear to promote physical activity in elementary schools effectively.

Promoting physical activity, active play and sport for pre-school and school-age children and young people in family, pre-school, school and community settings
The recommendations relate to all children and young people up to the age of 18, including those with a medical condition or disability (except where clinical assessment or monitoring is required prior to and/or during physical activity). The guidance does not cover specialized services for children and young people with a disability. There is a specific focus on children aged 11 and under and girls aged 11 to 18.

Promoting physical activity…. Quick reference guide

School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents aged 6-18
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 1, 2009
Authors' conclusions: Given that there are no harmful effects and that there is some evidence of positive effects on lifestyle behaviors and physical health status measures, ongoing physical activity promotion in schools is recommended at this time.

Shaping places through sport - Transforming lives: improving the life chances and focussing the energies of children and young people through sport
This guide focuses on children and young people and the impact sport can have on their health, personal development, educational achievement, and economic well-being.


DISABILITY
The Accessible Channel
As of January 29, 2009, all cable and satellite companies across Canada will have TACtv, The Accessible Channel, on their basic digital packages. TACtv will broadcast the most popular TV programs from conventional and specialty TV services. These programs will be described and captioned so that at any time of the day they can be enjoyed by a viewer with low or no sight or low or no hearing — a world first. Viewers can access TACtv on the regular family TV set….

MISCELLANEOUS
Supercourse – Lectures on-line
Supercourse is a repository of lectures on global health and prevention designed to improve the teaching of prevention. Supercourse has a network of over 55000 scientists in 174 countries who are sharing for free a library of 3611 lectures in 26 languages. The Supercourse has been produced at the WHO Collaborating Center University of Pittsburgh.......

OLDER ADULTS
The effects of physical exercise on depressive symptoms among the aged: a systematic review
Author's conclusions: Physical exercise may be effective in reducing clinical depression and depressive symptoms in the short term among elderly participants with depression or a high amount of depressive symptoms.

Tai Chi and falls prevention in older people
Medicine and Sport Science 2008; 52:124-34
Author's conclusions: Despite the evidence demonstrating the beneficial influence of Tai Chi practice on known risk factors for falling in older adults, evidence indicating an actual impact on falls-related outcomes is equivocal.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
The Active People Survey
The Active People Survey is the largest ever survey of sport and active recreation to be undertaken in Europe. The survey provides by far the largest sample size ever established for a sport and recreation survey and will allow levels of detailed analysis previously unavailable. It identifies how participation varies from place to place and between different groups in the population. ** Survey 1 and 2 are complete and you can look at results **

HEHA Knowledge Library
HEHA (Healthy Eating, Healthy Action) Knowledge Library is an online database of New Zealand –based research and evaluation information focused on physical activity, physical recreation, exercise science and medicine, sport, nutrition, and obesity developed from the year 2000 onwards.

Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives
A Cross-Government strategy for England supports the creation of a healthy society - from early years, to schools and food, from sport and physical activity to planning, transport and the health service (Nov 08).

Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives: Consumer Insight Summary
From the UK. Chapter 6 is titled: Attitudes and behaviors related to physical activity.

Journal of Medical Internet Research – Physical Activity Interventions
JMIR - the leading OPEN ACCESS* peer-reviewed transdisciplinary journal on health and health care in the Internet age.

If you use the search feature (middle of top row of links - blue text box) and enter 'physical activity' the first 8 pages worth of links displays research that seems to have used the web or internet as part of the intervention.

Shaping places through sport - Healthier communities: improving health and reducing health inequalities through sport
Playing sport can reduce the risk factors that contribute to poor health as well as create a healthier workforce, improve quality of life and increase people’s independence.

WORKPLACE
The Effectiveness of Multi-faceted Health Promotion Interventions in the Workplace to Reduce Chronic Disease
From 2007 this systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to determine the effectiveness of multi-faceted studies in the workplace to reduce the chronic diseases cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic obstructive lung disease, and diabetes, or their risk factors.

Move to Improve: A Randomized Workplace Trial to Increase Physical Activity
American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 36, Issue 2, Pages 133-141
The participants were a multi-racial/ethnic sample of 1442 employees at 16 worksites of The Home Depot. Each worksite was randomly assigned to either the control or intervention group. The intervention took place over 12 weeks. It combined individual and team goal setting with ecologically-derived organisational action

URBAN DESIGN
Impact of Urban Sprawl on Overweight, Obesity, and Physical Activity in Sydney, Australia
Journal of Urban Health Volume 86, Number 1 / January, 2009
Author’s conclusion: Living in more sprawling suburbs increases the risk of overweight/obesity and inadequate physical activity despite the relatively low levels of urban sprawl in metropolitan Sydney. Modifications to the urban environment to increase physical activity may be worthwhile.