Friday

February 6, 2009

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Promoting walking and cycling as an alternative to using cars: a systematic review
Author's conclusions: The best evidence was for targeted behavior change programs, but effects on social distribution were unclear. There was insufficient evidence for the other interventions.

Walk and bike for life
Walk & Bike for Life is a Canadian based non- profit organization, with an international outlook. We are dedicated to improve awareness of the benefits of walking and cycling as activities and of urban parks and trails as great places, and their impact on creating healthier communities where its residents live happier.

CHILDREN
Prevention in the first place: schools a setting for action on physical inactivity
Br J Sports Med. 2009 Jan; 43(1):10-3
Author's conclusions: Although evidence is sparse, active school models and environmental strategies (interventions that change policy and practice) appear to promote physical activity in elementary schools effectively.

Promoting physical activity, active play and sport for pre-school and school-age children and young people in family, pre-school, school and community settings
The recommendations relate to all children and young people up to the age of 18, including those with a medical condition or disability (except where clinical assessment or monitoring is required prior to and/or during physical activity). The guidance does not cover specialized services for children and young people with a disability. There is a specific focus on children aged 11 and under and girls aged 11 to 18.

Promoting physical activity…. Quick reference guide

School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents aged 6-18
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 1, 2009
Authors' conclusions: Given that there are no harmful effects and that there is some evidence of positive effects on lifestyle behaviors and physical health status measures, ongoing physical activity promotion in schools is recommended at this time.

Shaping places through sport - Transforming lives: improving the life chances and focussing the energies of children and young people through sport
This guide focuses on children and young people and the impact sport can have on their health, personal development, educational achievement, and economic well-being.


DISABILITY
The Accessible Channel
As of January 29, 2009, all cable and satellite companies across Canada will have TACtv, The Accessible Channel, on their basic digital packages. TACtv will broadcast the most popular TV programs from conventional and specialty TV services. These programs will be described and captioned so that at any time of the day they can be enjoyed by a viewer with low or no sight or low or no hearing — a world first. Viewers can access TACtv on the regular family TV set….

MISCELLANEOUS
Supercourse – Lectures on-line
Supercourse is a repository of lectures on global health and prevention designed to improve the teaching of prevention. Supercourse has a network of over 55000 scientists in 174 countries who are sharing for free a library of 3611 lectures in 26 languages. The Supercourse has been produced at the WHO Collaborating Center University of Pittsburgh.......

OLDER ADULTS
The effects of physical exercise on depressive symptoms among the aged: a systematic review
Author's conclusions: Physical exercise may be effective in reducing clinical depression and depressive symptoms in the short term among elderly participants with depression or a high amount of depressive symptoms.

Tai Chi and falls prevention in older people
Medicine and Sport Science 2008; 52:124-34
Author's conclusions: Despite the evidence demonstrating the beneficial influence of Tai Chi practice on known risk factors for falling in older adults, evidence indicating an actual impact on falls-related outcomes is equivocal.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
The Active People Survey
The Active People Survey is the largest ever survey of sport and active recreation to be undertaken in Europe. The survey provides by far the largest sample size ever established for a sport and recreation survey and will allow levels of detailed analysis previously unavailable. It identifies how participation varies from place to place and between different groups in the population. ** Survey 1 and 2 are complete and you can look at results **

HEHA Knowledge Library
HEHA (Healthy Eating, Healthy Action) Knowledge Library is an online database of New Zealand –based research and evaluation information focused on physical activity, physical recreation, exercise science and medicine, sport, nutrition, and obesity developed from the year 2000 onwards.

Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives
A Cross-Government strategy for England supports the creation of a healthy society - from early years, to schools and food, from sport and physical activity to planning, transport and the health service (Nov 08).

Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives: Consumer Insight Summary
From the UK. Chapter 6 is titled: Attitudes and behaviors related to physical activity.

Journal of Medical Internet Research – Physical Activity Interventions
JMIR - the leading OPEN ACCESS* peer-reviewed transdisciplinary journal on health and health care in the Internet age.

If you use the search feature (middle of top row of links - blue text box) and enter 'physical activity' the first 8 pages worth of links displays research that seems to have used the web or internet as part of the intervention.

Shaping places through sport - Healthier communities: improving health and reducing health inequalities through sport
Playing sport can reduce the risk factors that contribute to poor health as well as create a healthier workforce, improve quality of life and increase people’s independence.

WORKPLACE
The Effectiveness of Multi-faceted Health Promotion Interventions in the Workplace to Reduce Chronic Disease
From 2007 this systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to determine the effectiveness of multi-faceted studies in the workplace to reduce the chronic diseases cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic obstructive lung disease, and diabetes, or their risk factors.

Move to Improve: A Randomized Workplace Trial to Increase Physical Activity
American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 36, Issue 2, Pages 133-141
The participants were a multi-racial/ethnic sample of 1442 employees at 16 worksites of The Home Depot. Each worksite was randomly assigned to either the control or intervention group. The intervention took place over 12 weeks. It combined individual and team goal setting with ecologically-derived organisational action

URBAN DESIGN
Impact of Urban Sprawl on Overweight, Obesity, and Physical Activity in Sydney, Australia
Journal of Urban Health Volume 86, Number 1 / January, 2009
Author’s conclusion: Living in more sprawling suburbs increases the risk of overweight/obesity and inadequate physical activity despite the relatively low levels of urban sprawl in metropolitan Sydney. Modifications to the urban environment to increase physical activity may be worthwhile.

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