Friday

January 10, 2008

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

Alberta Centre for Active Living

ABORIGINAL
The determinants of First Nation and Inuit health: A critical population health approach
It’s the 2nd article in this journal issue. Be sure to check out the rest of the table of contents too! There are many other interesting physical activity related articles in there.

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION

Neighbourhood walkability and its particular importance for adults with a preference for passive transport
It’s the 13th article in this journal issue. They note that “Further analyses showed that living in a high walkable neighbourhood was associated with taking more steps, especially in adults with a preference for passive transport and/or a low intention to walk or cycle. In a health promotion context, these results are very promising.”

Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis Techniques, Estimates and Implications
Be sure to scroll down and click on the link to section 5.3 Safety and Health.

CHILDREN
2007 Australian National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey - Main Findings

Active and safe routes to school - January newsletter

Gaining children's perspectives: A multiple method approach to explore environmental influences on healthy eating and physical activity
It’s the 27th article in this journal issue.

What do parents and preschool staff tell us about young children's physical activity: a qualitative study.
Found in International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2008, 5:66
Their findings support the relevance of the socioecological model of behavioural influences to young children's physical activity. In this age group, efforts may best be directed at emphasising national guidelines for small screen recreation and educating families and carers about the importance of creative, free play to reinforce the child's inherent nature to be active.

MENTAL HEALTH
Alberta healthy living network – Mental health common messages
These mental health common messages are intended for use by practitioners in the areas of health promotion and chronic disease prevention. As the information provided refers to the general population, the messages may need to be tailored to the specific individual.

Exercise and Depression
A fact sheet produced by the Black Dog Institute, which is attached to the Prince of Wales Hospital and affiliated with the University of New South Wales.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Adiposity, Physical Activity, and Pancreatic Cancer in the National Institutes of Health–AARP Diet and Health Cohort
Found in American Journal of Epidemiology 2008 167(5):586-597.
“The authors observed no association with physical activity. Their results suggest a positive association between adiposity and pancreatic cancer.”

Body Mass Index, Physical Activity, and Bladder Cancer in a Large Prospective Study
Found in Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention 2008;17(5):1214–21
In conclusion, these findings provide support for a modest adverse effect of adiposity on risk for bladder cancer. In contrast, our results do not suggest a relation between physical activity and bladder cancer.

CHN FAQ’s now on ACAL web-site
… in English, French, as .pdf for easy printing.

Television, Physical Activity, Diet, and Body Weight Status: the ARIC Cohort
Found in International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2008, 5:68
Their results support the hypothesis that time spent watching TV is associated with deleterious effects on physical activity, diet, and BMI.

OLDER ADULTS

Leisure time physical activity differences among older adults from diverse socioeconomic neighborhoods
It’s the 11th article in this journal issue.


WOMEN
Physical Activity and Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Risk in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
Found in Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention 2009;18(1):289–96.
“Conclusions: Physical activity was associated with reduced postmenopausal breast cancer risk, particular to ER-negative tumors. These results, along with heterogeneity in the physical activity-breast cancer relation for subgroups of menopausal hormone therapy use and adiposity, indicate that physical activity likely influences breast cancer risk via both estrogenic and estrogen-independent mechanisms.”

Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and endometrial cancer risk in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study
Found in International Journal of Cancer Published Online: 9 Oct 2008

Prospective study of physical activity and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer
Found in Breast Cancer Res. 2008; 10(5): R92. Published online 2008 October 31
“Our findings suggest that physical activity acts through underlying biological mechanisms that are independent of body weight control.”

URBAN DESIGN
Capacitycheck
Capacitycheck is a method of appraising and developing urban design skills. It can help professionals to free themselves from their silos; politicians to become effective champions of design; communities to be empowered; students to learn how to work in an urban context; and landowners and developers to discover the value of making places.

Impact of Urban Sprawl on Overweight, Obesity, and Physical Activity in Sydney, Australia
Found in Journal of Urban Health published online 04 December 2008.
They found: Living in more sprawling suburbs increases the risk of overweight/obesity and inadequate physical activity despite the relatively low levels of urban sprawl in metropolitan Sydney. Modifications to the urban environment to increase physical activity may be worthwhile.

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