Thursday

December 18, 2008

Welcome to the final Physical Activity Information Round-Up for
2008. We’ll be taking a couple weeks off for the holidays.
From all of us here at the Centre, we'd like to wish you a
Merry Christmas and a Happy
and Healthy New Year!

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Making a Pedestrian Master Plan that Makes a Difference: A National Survey of Pedestrian Master Plans
Feet First conducted a national survey of master plans aimed at advocates, community members, and government agencies/consultants in order to get a better idea of things….

What are the benefits of complete streets?
Use this fact sheet at public meetings, to share with elected officials, and spread the word on how complete streets improve safety for everyone. Other fact sheets are also offered.

What does the term road diet mean?
A primer…

What is traffic calming?
A primer…

CHILDREN

A Community–School District–University Partnership for Assessing Physical Activity of Tweens
Prev Chronic Dis 2009;6(1).
Capitalizing on leadership from multiple community-based organizations to monitor youth physical activity may inspire implementation of strategies for motivating youth to try new games and sports that they can sustain through the adolescent years and beyond.

Association Between Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity, and Obesity: Inactivity Among Active Kids
Prev Chronic Dis 2009;6(1).
Conclusion: Sedentary behavior may moderate the relationship between physical activity and overweight. Developing a better understanding of sedentary behavior in relation to physical activity and overweight is critical for preventing and reducing overweight among youth.

Child Care as an Untapped Setting for Obesity Prevention: State Child Care Licensing Regulations Related to Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Media Use for Preschool-Aged Children in the United States
Prev Chronic Dis 2009;6(1).
Conclusion: Opportunities exist for strengthening state licensing regulations to prevent childhood obesity. The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity underscores the urgency for state policy efforts to create child care environments that foster healthful eating and participation in physical activity.

Hub for Action on School Transportation Emissions (HASTE)
HASTE is a new project that supports schools and their communities taking action on reducing transportation emissions in British Columbia. It's an online resource and networking centre, designed to help students, teachers and schools improve the health of individuals, communities and the environment.

Influences of Physical and Social Neighborhood Environments on Children’s Physical Activity and Obesity
American Journal of Public Health (2008) on-line prior to print version.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that neighborhood social factors as well as the physical environment should be considered in the development of health policy and interventions to reduce childhood obesity.

Safe Routes to School Improves the Built Environment
In this recently released report (pdf), Safe Routes to School National Partnership focuses on case studies describing how ten states (California, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, New York, Oklahoma, Texas and Virginia) are awarding their SRTS federal funds to support improved infrastructure such as sidewalks, bike lanes, pathways, improved intersections, traffic calming, and more.

School Policy Framework - Implementation of the Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health
The overall purpose of this tool is to guide policy-makers at national and sub-national levels in the development and implementation of policies that promote healthy eating and physical activity in the school setting through changes in environment, behaviour and education.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Exercise and Physical Activity in the Prevention and Treatment of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease
A Statement From the Council on Clinical Cardiology (Subcommittee on Exercise, Rehabilitation, and Prevention) and the Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Subcommittee on Physical Activity).

COMMUNITY
Active Roma: A healthy active community
Just launched this sites aim is to inspire a healthy, active Roma community through supporting residents to make healthy lifestyle choices including physical activity and nutrition.

Creating liveable new communities: Checklist for liveability planning
This checklist has been designed as a tool to support Precinct Structure Planning for creating liveable new communities in Melbourne’s growth areas. It has been designed for multiple users including developers, local government, State Government agencies, other key providers of infrastructure and services and the Growth Areas Authority.

MISCELLANEOUS
BHFNC 8th Annual Conference, ‘Opening Doors to an Active Life
All the keynote and workshop presentations from the Conference are now available to download.

Effect of exposure to natural environment on health inequalities: an observational population study
The Lancet, Volume 372, Issue 9650, Pages 1655 - 1660, 8 November 2008
Studies have shown that exposure to the natural environment, or so-called green space, has an independent effect on health and health-related behaviours. We postulated that income-related inequality in health would be less pronounced in populations with greater exposure to green space, since access to such areas can modify pathways through which low socioeconomic position can lead to disease.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
ACSM's Activity & Health Policy Network News
The second issue of the AHPN Newsletter continued with providing more information for members to get politically involved. The second issue informs members about three pieces of legislation at the federal level. Most important, was the Physical Activity and Guidelines for Americans Act of 2008. Followed by The Fitness Integrated with Teaching Kids Act (FIT Kids Act) and Human Growth Hormone Restriction Act of 2007.

Charting and Changing the Policy Landscape: Promoting Physical Activity &
Reversing Physical Inactivity through Policy Solutions
This 'Call to Action' focuses on six key steps that would move policy initiatives into changing the future landscape of improving health and health care in the United States.

Improving Physical Activity Resource Guides to Bridge the Divide Between the Clinic and the Community
Prev Chronic Dis 2009;6(1),
Conclusion: Resource guides may offer a critical link between clinical services and community resources. Integrating guides with existing clinical systems, incorporating mechanisms for frequent updating, and providing multiple copies will help address provider concerns. Web-based resource guides may help achieve these goals.

Physical activity cost-benefit analyzer
This tool is intended to assist you in: Thinking about the costs and benefits of changing
your exercise behavior and determining what is involved in your decision to change your physical activity habits.

Physical activity tips, fact sheets
There are a whole bunch of information sheets here. Start with the first one. You can either go back to the initial list or scroll to the bottom of that page to see more links. It seems the lists at the end of the documents are not entirely the same as the initial list. There is lots and lots to look at! Also don’t forget to click on the links to their FAQ’s and Tips Sheets – you’ll find them in the left hand column.

Physical activity tip sheets in other languages
Tips sheets in Arabic, Chinese, Greek, Italian and Vietnamese.

Predictors of Increased Physical Activity in the Active for Life Program
Prev Chronic Dis 2009;6(1)
Conclusion: For 6 of the 8 variables associated with differential outcomes, the least active group improved the most, which suggests that the programs worked especially well for participants most in need. Participants who were older than 75 years (both groups) and those who reported lower physical activity social support (in the telephone-based program) on entry did not respond as well and may require alternative or more intensive intervention strategies.

Relationship of Perceived Environmental Characteristics to Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Meeting Recommendations for Physical Activity in Texas
Prev Chronic Dis 2009;6(1),
Conclusion: Perceptions of neighborhood characteristics and reported use of facilities were related to physical activity and to meeting recommendations for physical activity, with stronger associations for women than for men. Interventions to increase levels of physical activity among Texans should be informed by multilevel assessments including environmental characteristics and by attention to important subpopulations.

December 11, 2008

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Active travel and health inequalities
How walking and cycling can benefit the health of the most disadvantaged people.

BEST (better environmentally sound transportation)
Since 1991, BEST has been offering innovative programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to inform people about the environmental, health, and community issues surrounding transportation. Our programs encourage and motivate people to cycle, walk, carpool, and use public transit more often.

LocalMotion
LocalMotion provides local (B.C.) governments funding assistance for capital projects that make communities greener, healthier and more active and accessible places in which to live. This program provides extra resources for projects that encourage people to get out and be more active, support a reduction in car dependency and associated greenhouse gas emissions and meet the mobility needs of seniors and people with disabilities.

Take action on active travel
The UK's leading organisations working on all areas of public health, call on decision makers at all levels to act now to bring about a population-wide shift from sedentary travel to walking and cycling to tackle ill-health caused by the decline of physical active travel in past decades.

Ten questions to ask if you are... scrutinising how physical activity can be promoted through


CHILDREN
Prevention of overweight in the school arena
Overall, half of the studies demonstrated significant effects, suggesting that school-based interventions are important to help reduce the prevalence of overweight or obesity.

Utilization and physical activity levels at renovated and unrenovated school playgrounds
Colabianchia, N., Kinsella, A., Coultonb, C., Mooreb, S. (2008). Preventive Medicine.
The results showed that more adults and children used the renovated playgrounds compared to the unrenovated playgrounds.

CHRONIC DISEASE
Chronic Disease Self-Management Program : A World Premiere in French-Language Health Care
According to the President of Réseau santé albertain, Dr. Denis Vincent, the program fits well with the vision of its organization, which is that every French-speaking individual is healthy through individual and collective empowerment. “Instead of imparting content about a particular disease, the program teaches strategies that help the participants increase their sense of control in their day to day lives. They also help each other and this contributes to decreasing their feelings of solitudes.”

Alberta Diabetes Surveillance System (ADSS) Newsletter
The purpose of the ADSS Newsletter is to update stakeholders on new and important diabetes issues in Alberta.

Effects of aerobic exercise on lipids and lipoproteins in adults with type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials.
Kelley, G., Kelley, K., (2007). Public Health, 21(9), 643-655.
Overall, aerobic exercise appears to lower LDL-C in adults with type 2 diabetes, but this needs confirmation in further random control trials.

Health economic evaluation of controlled and maintained physical exercise in the prevention of cardiovascular and other prosperity diseases
Link to academic paper: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18043305?dopt=Abstract
They concluded that: controlled and maintained physical exercise is projected to be cost-effective, which is likely to be explained by its simultaneous effect on several diseases and the associated weight loss, which affects quality of life positively.

COMMUNITY
Building stronger communities through physical activity: a practitioner’s resource
A concise practitioner’s resource has been developed to assist practitioners plan, implement and evaluate physical activity programs that build social capital in communities (see companion document below).

Guidelines for the use of physical activity for community development purposes: Final report
A November 2008 publication, with a great reference section!

Whole-of-community physical activity interventions: Easier said than done?
Conclusion: Despite the challenges, the whole-community approach still offers tremendous potential for developing the social and cultural change which will be required for sustained improvements in population physical activity. (Note: Kerry Mummery is the primary author J )

DISABILITY
Barrier free design guide
Updated

Checklist for Accessibility & Universal Design in Architecture
The City of Edmonton Advisory Board on Services for Persons with Disabilities has revised and updated the checklist.

MISCELLANEOUS
What do we mean by ‘wellbeing’? And why might it matter?
The meaning and function of a term like ‘wellbeing’ not only changes through time, but is open to both overt and subtle dispute and contest. There is evidence that the discourse of ‘wellbeing’ - how, for what purposes, and with what effects the term is being used - is at present particularly unstable in the UK.

OLDER ADULTS
Best-Practice Physical Activity Programs for Older Adults: Findings from the National Impact Study
Conclusions. Best-practice community-based physical activity programs can measurably improve aspects of functioning that are risk factors for disability among older adults. US public policy should encourage these inexpensive health promotion programs.

Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe
SHARE is a multidisciplinary and cross-national panel database of micro data on health, socio-economic status and social and family networks of more than 30,000 individuals aged 50 or over....

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Active Living Research Literature Database


Defining Sport and Physical Activity: A Conceptual Model
This paper presents a conceptual model defining key concepts commonly used in survey
research on sport and physical activity. The aim of developing a conceptual model for
sport and physical activity is to aid interpretation and future development of surveys in
this field.

NSW Premier’s Council for active living
The Premier's Council for Active Living (PCAL) aims to build and strengthen the physical and social environments in which communities engage in active living. It comprises senior representatives from across government, industry and the community sector.

WOMEN
Combined impact of lifestyle factors on mortality: Prospective cohort study in US women
van Dam R. et al BMJ 2008;337:a1440
(Their) results indicate that adherence to lifestyle guidelines is associated with markedly lower mortality in middle aged women. Both efforts to eradicate cigarette smoking and those to stimulate regular physical activity and a healthy diet should be intensified.

WORKPLACE
Healthy People, Healthy Performance, Healthy Profits: The Case for Business Action on the Socio-Economic Determinants of Health
Business has an important role to play in addressing the socio-economic determinants of health. This report provides practical guidance and principles of success to businesses that may take action.

Friday

December 5, 2008

By Rosanne Prinsen, MSc

ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION
Active Transportation: Moving Canadians towards better health
A Hot Topic discussion paper from the Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance of Canada

Frequently Asked Questions about Bikeways by Adjacent Residents
Discusses the impact of developing new bikeways in existing neighborhoods. ( from Vancouver)

Trails bring crime myth
“The premise that trails bring crime is pretty ridiculous. It's not exactly the best get away vehicle, nor is it easy to carry a lot of stuff. And wouldn't that be an argument for not building roads?.....”

COMMUNITY

Community Decision-Making Toolkit
The list of Decision-Making Tools below contains a variety of methods to help communities generate ideas, prioritize issues and weigh options. Simple to use, these tools can easily be adapted to fit the needs of your particular community requirements.

MISCELLANEOUS
In Alberta recreation and parks matter research summary: Public perceptions on use and benefits of local government recreation and parks services
The report that follows provides clear evidence of the contribution that recreation and parks make to the public good. It also confirms that the general public understands both the direct and intangible benefits of these services, strongly supports those services and acknowledges that they are essential to social and community development and environmental sustainability.

Men’s health
Information and advice on the most common health issues affecting men, including testicular cancer, hair loss, stress and more.... There is a lot out there for women; this is one of the few for men.

OVERWEIGHT/OBESITY
A systematic policy approach to changing the food system and physical activity environments to prevent obesity
As obesity prevention becomes an increasing health priority in many countries, including Australia and New Zealand, the challenge that governments are now facing is how to adopt a systematic policy approach to increase healthy eating and regular physical activity. This article sets out a structure for systematically identifying areas for obesity prevention policy action across the food system and full range of physical activity environments.

The key to fighting fat may lie in the pockets of public policy makers
Zoning laws and taxes can be used to encourage healthier lifestyles.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
BHF National Centre for physical activity+health
This is the 2nd issue of their new newsletter.

Physical Activity and Population Health Research Lab
Physical Activity and Population Health (PAPH) Research Laboratory directed by Dr. Ron Plotnikoff focuses on individual/behavioural- and environmental-level theory and intervention development/testing for the prevention and management of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, as well as the promotion of healthy body weight and general health of the population through physical activity.

Sports and Physical Recreation: A Statistical Overview, Australia, 2008 (Edition 2)
This report provides a statistical overview of the output of the sports and physical recreation sector, employment in sports and physical recreation, government outlays on recreation, international trade in sports and physical recreation goods, attendances at sporting events, and participation in sports and physical recreation activities.

URBAN DESIGN
Trails: Safety, Land Value, Fears
This page briefly outlines the normal and reasonable questions and concerns (crime, property values) that people have about trails.

WOMEN
Physical activity and health in mid-age and older Australian women
Physical activity has a significant role in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease, some cancers, diabetes, mental health problems, and musculoskeletal problems in women.